The Hindu Vocabulary 8 April 2022

2022-04-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Safety first: On Dam Safety Authority.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Authority

Noun

The power to determine or solve disputes.

Persons in command.

A governmental agency to administer a certain department.

(अधिकार/ प्राधिकार/ रोब)

Force, Government, Jurisdiction, Rule, Expert, Judge, Law, Sharp

Breach, Break, Disadvantage, Inferiority, Amateur, Inexpert, Nonexpert, Greenhorn

He is not very popular but his authority in the party is unquestioned.

Aspects

Noun

A particular status or phase in which something appears.

The side facing a given direction.

A particular appearance of the face.

(पहलू/ आकृति)

Attitude, Condition, Facet, Form, Phase, Prospect

Whole

There are many aspects to this problem.

Supervisory

Adjective

Relating to supervision.

(पर्यवेक्षी/ प्रबंध-संबंधी)

Bureaucratic, Departmental, Governmental, Legislative

-

The supervisory staff is being rested for a day.

Status quo

Noun

Current situation

(यथास्थिति)

State of affairs, Status, No Change

-

The CEO has asked about the status quo of the recent project.

Accountable

Adjective

Subject to the obligation to report or responsibility.

Capable of being explained.

(उत्तरदायी/ जवाबदार)

Answerable, Culpable, Obligated, Liable

Unaccountable, Innocent, Irresponsible, Blameless

If anything goes wrong then you will be held accountable.

Envisage

Verb

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(परिकल्पना करना)

Confront, Consider, Image, Visualise

Disregard, Ignore

He envisaged the entire idea of bringing fruit sellers to a common platform.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The valley in the background has backdropped perfectly for your portfolio shoot.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

We arranged for five backdrops at my wedding reception.

Stability

Noun

The quality of being stable.

Resistance to change.

(स्थिरता/ मज़बूती)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security, Firmness, Soundness, Strength, Sturdiness

Insecurity, Instability, Precariousness, Shakiness

The app is being tested for stability.

Apprehension

Noun

Anticipation of some misfortune in the future.

Fear of future evil.

Seizure by legal process.

(आशंका)

Alarm, Disquiet, Doubt, Dread, Booking, Capture, Awareness, Perception

Belief, Calm, Calmness, Certainty, Liberation, Release, Ignorance, Misunderstanding

The idea of moving to a new country filled my mother with apprehension.

Complacency

Noun

A feeling of satisfaction or pleasure when unaware of potential danger.

(शालीनता)

Satisfaction, Smugness, Bighead, Conceit

Humbleness, Humility, Modesty

Complacency arises from success and makes you unprepared for abrupt bad situations.

Apex

Noun

The uppermost point.

The highest point.

(सर्वोच्च/ चोटी)

Acme, Apogee, Capstone, Nadir, Crest, Meridian, Pinnacle, Crown

Base, Bottom, Nadir

The apex of her career has passed.

Render

Verb

To cause to become.

To melt down.

To present for consideration.

To provide a due reward.

(प्रस्तुत करना)

Cede, Deliver, Relinquish, Surrender, Give, Interpret, Portray, Reproduce

Take, Cloud, Conceal, fail, Obscure

They charge a huge fee for the services rendered through their agency.

Noun

A return especially in goods or services due from a feudal tenant to his lord.

The first coat of plaster applied to a brick.

(सौंपनेवाला/ देनेवाला/ प्रस्तुत करनेवाला)

-

-

The render on the bricks is looking amazing.

Toothless

Adjective

Lacking teeth or edges.

Lacking in sharpness or ineffectual.

(दंतहीन/ बिना दांत के)

Flat, Blunt, Edgeless, Round

Active, Bright, Knifelike, Clear

The commission has given toothless arguments in court.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

It is a concern for all suppliers.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

The current situation concerns every nation.

Instil

Verb

To impart gradually.

To pour in drop by drop.

(प्रेरणा देना/ चित्त पर प्रबाव डालना)

Diffuse, Disseminate, Engender, Imbue, Impart, Breed, Enroot, Inculcate

Dislodge, Halt, Stop, Neglect

Suresh is an influencing leader who has instilled the feeling of commitment and passion in his party workers.

Precedence

Noun

Priority of importance.

To be of more importance than others.

The ceremonial preference.

(प्रधानता/ प्रथमता)

Priority, Antecedence, Earliness, Lead, Precedency

Subservience, Last, Lowest, Inferiority

We abolished precedence and placement over the dinner table to give a feeling of equality.

Scaremonger

Noun

 

A person who spreads alarming news needlessly.

A person who circulates alarming rumors.

(तहलका मचानेवाला/ आतंक फैलानेवाला मनुष्य)

Pessimist, Cassandra

-

Police have found the scaremongers and charged them with suitable IPC sections.

 

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