The Hindu Vocabulary 7 April 2022

2022-04-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘In the middle: On India’s role in Russia-Ukraine crisis.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The economic crisis in Sri Lanka is resulting in huge protests by the common public.

Responsibility

Noun

The state of being responsible.

Moral or legal accountability.

(ज़िम्मेदारी)

Blame, Fault, Liability, Authority, Duty, Guilt, Efficiency, Honesty

Irresponsibility, Benefit, Blessing, Incompetence, Weakness

It is your responsibility to manage the catering arrangements.

Nonaligned

Adjective

Not allied with any of the parties or nations on a matter.

Not aligned.

(गुटनिरपेक्ष/ तटस्थ)

Dispassionate, Evenhanded, Impartial, Nonpartisan

Biased, Prejudiced, Subjective, Partial

India is preferring a nonaligned position on the Russia-Ukraine crisis.

Relevant

Adjective

Having a connection with the matter at hand.

Having social rec=levance.

(प्रासंगिक/ उचित/ अनुरूप)

Admissible, Applicable, Compatible, Consistent

Improper, Inapplicable, Inappropriate, Incompatible

The confession of the headmaster is the most relevant testimony in this case.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

The condition of our city is evident for quite some time.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

Russia is not going back because of sanctions.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Your appraisal has been sanctioned by your boss yesterday.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organization

(शासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Reign

-

The current regime in Sri Lanka is unable to handle the country.

Pronged

Adjective

Having prongs in different numbers.

(दाँतोंवाला)

Angled, Bifurcated, Branched, Acuminous, Acute, Sharp, Acuminate, Sharpened, Fine

Joined, Unbranched, Blunt, Dull

My mother bought a three-pronged folk from the market.

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

You are hereby removed from your job due to abstaining without informing for more than five days.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव,)

 

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

 

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

It is my birthday resolution to go for a morning walk and stay healthy.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

This situation may attract more invasions across the globe.

Cordial

Noun

A pleasing medicine.

(एक आराम देने वाली या सुखद स्वाद वाली दवा।)

-

-

Many consider sweet vitamin tablets as cordials.

Adjective

Courteous and friendly.

Showing warmth.

Tending to cheer or invigorate.

(हार्दिक/ सौहार्दपूर्ण/ मैत्रीपूर्ण/ पुष्टिकारक)

Affectionate, Amicable, Cheerful, Congenial, Cozy, Jovial, Friendly, Matey

Antagonistic, Hostile, Unfriendly, Disagreeable, Insincere, Sad, Rude, Uncaring

We got a cordial and happy reception at my friend’s birthday party.

Reinforce

Verb

To strengthen.

To make more effective.

To strengthen by new additions.

(सुदृढ बनाना/ प्रबलित करना)

Bolster, Boost, Buttress, Enlarge, Corroborate, Substantiate, Support, Increase

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hinder

The supreme court has ordered to reinforce efforts to reduce corruption.

Noun

Something that reinforces.

(कुछ ऐसा जो पुष्ट करता है)

 

 

The new joinee in our team is a reinforce.

Fault

Noun

A physical or intellectual defect.

Responsibility for a failure.

(दोष/ नुक्स)

Blunder, Crime, Defect, Error, Flaw, Guilt, Lapse, Misconduct

Accuracy, Behaviour, Care, Irresponsibility

There is a fault in the brakes of the car.

 

Verb

To blame.

To commit a fault.

(दोष देना।)

Deficiency, Flaw, Imperfection, Lack

Enough, Perfection, Benefit, Plenty

She was faulted for the accident.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

Looking at the strong bilateral relations, India needs to help Sri Lanka in such a crisis.

Complexion

Adjective

The natural colour.

The appearance of skin.

Overall character.

(रंग/ वर्ण)

Colour, Hue, Skin, Texture, Countenance, Disposition, Temperament

Reality

The testimony of the witness has put a different complexion on things.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

The intervention from central leadership was not welcomed by the Chief Minister.

Rival

Adjective

Having the same pretentions.

Standing in rivalry.

(प्रतिद्वंद्विता में खड़े होना)

Competing, Battling, Combatant, Conflicting

Assisting, Associate, Supporting

The two brothers are running rival businesses.

Noun

A person who is striving to obtain or achieve something that others are trying.

(प्रतिद्वंद्वी)

Adversary, Challenger, Competitor, Competition, Contender, Opponent

Ally, Difference, Associate, Helper

He joined hands with my rivals.

Verb

To compete with someone to excel.

(प्रतिद्वंद्वी होना)

Emulate, Equal, Resemble, Amount, Battle, Compete, Contend, Vie

Disconnect, Support, Cooperate, Leave

Our quality will rival the best in the market.

Uncommitted

Adjective

Not committed.

Not committed to a cause.

(अशुद्ध/ ग़लत)

Neutral, Unaffiliated, Uninvolved, Unattached

Aligned, Committed, Involved, Attached

The decision of uncommitted voters will decide the election results.

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?