The Hindu Vocabulary 6 April 2022

2022-04-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A pause to reflect: On WHO decision to recommend a pause in the supply of Covaxin.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reflect

Verb

To cast back light from a surface.

To show an image.

To make apparent.

(प्रतिबिंबित होना/ प्रकट करना/ प्रतिबिंब डालना)

Echo, Follow, Mirror, Reverse, Cogitate, Consider, Display, Indicate, Manifest

Original, Request, Discard, Dismiss, Conceal, Cover

His attitude reflects his personality.

Recommend

Verb

To present as worthy of a trial.

To make acceptable.

To suggest a course of action.

(अनुशंसा करना/ सिफ़ारिश करना)

Advocate, Back, Confirm, Endorse

Censure, Condemn, Deny, Discourage

He recommended me for a job.

Strive

Verb

Make great efforts to achieve or obtain something.

(प्रयास करना)

Aim, Endeavor, Tackle, Seek

Neglect, Repress, Rest, Surrender

The politicians are striving hard to win the elections.

Inspection

Verb

Formal examination of something.

(निरीक्षण)

Analysis, Checkup, Inquiry, Investigation, Probe, Research

Ignorance, Neglect

Close inspection of the specimen revealed some defects.

Deficiency

Noun

The state of insufficiency.

An amount that is lacking.

(कमी/ अपूर्णता)

Dearth, Defect, Failing, Failure, Glitch, Insufficiency

Abundance, Advantage, Enough, Excess

The deficiency of Vitamin D3 is very common these days.

Tangled

Noun

A complicated situation.

(उलझन)

Coil, Mess, Morass, Skein

Order, Organisation, Simplicity

He was in a tangle of contradictory statements.

Verb

To involve in something That hampers or obstructs.

To come into conflict.

(किसी ऐसी चीज में शामिल होना जो बाधा डालती हो।)

Enmesh, Net, Snare, Confuse, Embroil, Entangle

Clarify, Enlighten, Explain, Uncomplicate

We did not want to tangle with him over new rules.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic has broken many people financially.

Lacuna

Noun

A gap or missing part.

A small cavity.

(कमी/ शून्य स्थान)

Break, Cavity, Hiatus, Depression

Closure, Continuation, Continuity

The party is facing a lacuna of leadership at the top.

Tilt

Noun

A sloping surface.

The state of being in a sloping position.

A dispute.

(झुकाव/ झगड़ा)

Angle, Inclination, Leaning, Slant

Ascent, Increase, Rise

Due to the jerk, the tilt of his head has worsened.

Verb

To cause to lean.

To move into a sloping position.

To incline towards an opinion.

To make an impetuous attack.

(झुकना)

Bend, Dip, Incline, Lurch, Thrust, Break, Charge, Clash

Straighten, Surrender, Yield, Agree

The floor has been tilted slightly after tiles fitting.

Latter

Adjective

Belonging to a subsequent time.

Relating to the last in a group of things.

Being the second among the mentioned two things.

(बाद वाला)

Recent, Closing, Final, Following

Beginning, First, Opening, Initial

You will require funding in the latter stages of the growth of your company.

Gargantuan

Adjective

Tremendous in Size or Volume. 

(विशाल/ महाकाय/ बृहत्काय)

Colossal, Enormous, Gigantic, Huge, Large, Immense, Mammoth, Massive 

Common, Dwarfed, Little, Tiny, Bantam, Infinitesimal, Lilliputian, Micro Miniature, Teeny 

We were amazed by the gargantuan waterfalls.

Windfall

Noun

Something blew down by the wind.

An unexpected gain.

(अप्रत्याशित)

Bonanza, Bonus, Find, Fortune, Benediction, Blessing, Boon

Affliction, Curse, Evil, Plague

The company received a windfall because of relaxation in the taxes.

Efficacy

Noun

Ability to produce the desired result.

The power to produce an effect.

(प्रभाव/ प्रभावोत्पादकता)

Adequacy, Competence, Effectiveness, Potency, Virtue

Inadequacy, Ineffectiveness, Enervation, Failure

The company was asked to demonstrate the efficacy of the product.

Transparent

Adjective

Having the property of transmitting light without considerable scattering.

Free from deceit.

Easily understood.

(पारदर्शी/ स्पष्ट)

Clear, Thin, Translucent, Easy, Honest

Blocked, Cloudy, Questionable, Dark, Devious, Difficult

The story was well picturized with a transparent plot.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?