The Hindu Vocabulary 5 April 2022

2022-04-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled “Game for the throne: On Imran Khan’s attempts to cling to power”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Throne

Noun

Chair of royalty

(सिंहासन)

Authority, Power, Dignity, Rank, Seat

-

The King abandoned the throne in favour of his son.

Cling

Verb

Hold on tightly to

(चिपटना)

Hold onto, Clutch, Grip, Grasp, Clench, Adhere, Fasten

Loose, Halt, Let go, Unfasten, Release

He clung to the rope and jumped towards another building.

Betray

Verb

Expose (one's country, a group, or a person) to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy.

(धोखा देना)

Abandon, Deceive, Forsake, Mislead, Bluff

Be loyal, Assist, Help, Ais, Stay

I was betrayed by my team in the competition.

Unintentionally reveal

(प्रकट करना)

 

Reveal, Evince, Disclose, Manifest, Show, Inform

Conceal, Cover, Hide, Withhold

She betrayed her secret while she was unconscious.

Contempt

Noun

The feeling that a person or a thing is beneath consideration, worthless, or deserving scorn.

(अवमानना)

Antipathy, Condescension, Defiance, Derision, Malice, Disregard

Approval, Esteem, Flattery, Honor, Obedience

He was punished for contempt of court.

Ousted

Verb

Drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.

(बेदख़ल)

Force out, Removed, Retired, Discharged

Established, Ignored, Left

PV Sindhu was ousted in the badminton finals by the Siberian player.

Ally

Noun

Somethig united with another

(मित्र)

Associate, Colleague, Friend, Partner, Co-worker, Collaborator

Antagonist, Enemy, Foe, Opponent, Detractor

The person whom I trusted the least became my greatest ally.

Verb

combine or unite a resource or commodity with (another) for mutual benefit.

(मैत्री करना)

Combine, Merge, Amalgamate, Join

Break up, Disband, Abandon

He allied with the other teams in the competition.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

The coalition party could not survive in power for long.

Revolt

Verb

Rise in rebellion

(विद्रोह करना)

 

Defy, Mutiny, Overthrow, Arise, Boycott, Oppose, Renounce

Obey, Surrender, Allow, Support, Comply

The tribals also revolted against the British rule.

Cause to feel disgusted.

(घृणा उत्पन्न होना)

Offend, Repel, Repulse, Turn off, Crawl

Attract, Enchant, Please, Delight

I was revolted by his inappropriate remarks.

Noun

An attempt to put an end to the authority of a person or body by rebelling.

(विद्रोह)

Rebellion, Revolution, Insurrection, Mutiny, Uprising, Riot, Coup

Obedience, Harmony, Calm, Peace

The peasants rose in revolt against the Zamindars.

Dismiss

Verb

Send away

Remove from job or responsibility

(खारिज)

Decline, Disband, Dissolve, Expel, Depose, Discharge, Fire, Impeach

Accept, Allow, Hold, Keep, Permit, Employ, Hire, Promote, Begin

The court proceedings were dismissed very soon by the judge.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

Judicial intervention is needed in constitutional matters.

Humiliating

Adjective

Causing someone to feel ashamed and foolish by injuring their dignity and self-respect.

(अपमानजनक)

Demeaning, Embarrassing, Humbling, Disgracing

-

His behavior at the party was humiliating for all the family members.

Torpedo

Verb

To destroy or nullify altogether

(नष्ट-भ्रष्ट करना)

Wreck, Crush, Damage, Dismantle, End

Aid, Assist, Fix, Bear, Build, Begin

He was trying to torpedo his opponent’s plan to defeat him.

Noun

A weapon for destroying ships by rupturing their hulls below the waterline

(टारपीडो)

Cuban sandwich, Hero, Submarine, Explosive, Mine

-

The indigenous torpedo was successfully tested by the Indian Navy.

Convene

Verb

To come together for a meeting

(आयोजित करना) 

Assemble, Gather, Open, Gamble, Summon

Disperse, Divide, Separate, Cancel

The meeting was convened on Saturday at the Taj Hotel.

Accuse

Verb

charge (someone) with an offense or crime.

(आरोप लगाना)

Allege, Arrest, Attack, Blame, Summon

Applaud, Approve, Defend, Exculpate, Exonerate

He accused me of betraying him.

Conspire

Verb

make secret plans jointly to commit an unlawful or harmful act.

(षड्यंत्र रचना)

Collude, Connive, Cooperate, Devise, Hatch, Intrigue

Leave alone, Neglect, Disagree

The opposition was conspiring against the party in power.

Mandate

Noun

 

An official order or commission to do something.

(आदेश)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive

Breach, Question, Break, Denial

He seeked a fresh mandate to see his chances of winning the election.

Manoeuvering

Verb

Move skillfully or carefully.

(पैंतरेबाज़ी)

Exploit, Manipulate, Navigate, Operate

Destroy, Neglect, Disorganize, Forget

The leader was manoeuvering him into betrayal of his community.

Decency

Noun

Behavior that conforms to accepted standards of morality or respectability.

(शिष्टता)

Decorum, Seemliness, Respectability, Dignity, Etiquette Appropriateness

Bad manners, Discourtesy, Immorality, Impoliteness, Rudeness

One should show some decency in public places.

Labyrinth

Noun


a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one's way

(उलझन)

Maze, Warren, Network, Complexity, Web, Entanglement

Ease, Order, Simplicity, Organisation

He himself is responsible for the labyrinth he is in today.

Conservatism

Noun

Opposition to change

(रूढ़िवाद)

Orthodoxy, Preservation, Traditionalism, Moderation

-

The religious conservatism of the spiritual leaders sometimes proves fatal to society.

Crusade

Verb

Lead or take part in a vigorous campaign for social, political, or religious change.

(सामाजिक, राजनीतिक या धार्मिक परिवर्तन के लिए एक अभियान का नेतृत्व करना)

 

Campaign, Fight, Battle, Take up arms, Strive, Agitate

-

Sheena crusaded against legalizing betting. 

Noun

A vigorous campaign for political, social, or religious change.

(धर्मयुद्ध)

Demonstration, Expedition, Movement, Drive, March, Jihad

Halt, Stoppage

A crusade against rape crime started in the capital city.

Hostility

Noun

Hostile behavior; unfriendliness or opposition.

(शत्रुता)

Antagonism, Bitterness, Laevolence, Malice, Unkindness, Spite, Rancor

Friendship, Goodwill, Happiness, Kindness, Benevolence

The nobles had hostility towards the King and were planning to get rid of him.

Vindictive

Adjective

Having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge.

(प्रतिशोधी)

Vengeful, Revengeful, Avenging, Unforgiving, Resentful, Unrelenting, Acrimonious, Poisonous

Forgiving, Merciful, Lenient, Pitying, Humane, Magnanimous

His vindictive approach has upset his teammates.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Bitterness

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Happiness

The administration could not handle the growing public resentment.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The people are organising grand parties amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sparred

Verb

To strike or fight

(तू-तू मैं-मैं करना)

Argue, Bicker, Contend, Quarrel, Wrangle, Contest, Dispute

Agree, Give in

The two officers sparred over a trivial issue.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The army’s effort to stop the invasion of the enemy forces was spectacular.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Your actions always conflict with what you say.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict between the two communities came to an end.

Rebuke

Noun

An expression of sharp disapproval or criticism.

(फटकार)

Reprimand, Reproach, Scolding, Admonishment, Remonstration,

Approval, Exoneration, Commendation, Flattery

Don’t consider my words as a rebuke but advice.

Verb

Express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behavior or actions.

(निन्दा करना)

Scold, Admonish, Reprove, Chide, Pull up, Castigate

Approve, Flatter, Laud, Praise, Compliment

My father rebuked me for failing the physical test.

Pragmatism

Noun

A practical approach to problems and affairs

(व्यवहारवाद)

Advantageousness, Appositeness, Benefit, Aptness, Judiciousness

-

The leader was trying to strike a balance between party ideology and pragmatism.

Back against the wall

Or Back to the wall

Idiom

in a bad position in which one is forced to do something in order to avoid failure

(एक बुरी स्थिति में जिसमें विफलता से बचने के लिए कुछ करने के लिए मजबूर किया जाता है)

-

-

We had our backs to the wall as we were left with little money.

Subvert

Verb

Undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).

(व्‍यवस्‍था भंग करना)

Destablize, Unsettle, Overthrow, Overturn, Bring down, Corrupt, Vitiate

Aid, Improve, Help, Construct, Create

The government was subverting the democratic institutions by taking advantage of the majority in the house.

 

New Year Offer get 20% Off
Use Coupon code PENDULUMEDU

half yearly current affairs year book july dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs year book 2021 Rs.349/- Read More
annual banking awareness 2022 books Rs.999/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T