The Hindu Vocabulary 4 April 2022

2022-04-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled “Sri Lanka’s rage”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rage

Noun

Violent, uncontrollable anger.

(क्रोध)

Animosity, Bitterness, Exasperation, Excitement, Frenzy

Calmness, Indifference, Happiness, Peace

He punched his classmate in rage.

Verb

Feel or express violent uncontrollable anger.

(क्रोध करना)

Erupt, Rampage, Roar, Scream, Blow up

Be calm, Flatter, Praise

He raged against his mother for not letting him go out.

Acknowledge

Noun

Admit the truth or reality of something

(स्वीकार करना)

Accept, Agree, Endorse, Confess, Profess, Concede

Conceal, Deny, Disagree, Dispute, Hide

He acknowledged the fact that without hard work he will not be able to achieve success.

Recovery

Noun

A return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength.

(स्वास्थ्य लाभ)

Improvement, Resumption, Return, Readjustment, Rehabilitation

Deterioration, Relapse

Post covid economic recovery is expected.

The action or process of regaining possession or control of something stolen or lost.

(वसूली)

Rescue, Restoration, Compensation, Indemnification, Reclamation

Penalty

The police have ensured the recovery of all lost possessions.

Protesters

Noun

People who protest publicly about an issue

(प्रदर्शनकारी)

Objector, Activist, Dissident, Militant

-

The protesters were dispersed from the place by the police.

Desperate

Adjective

Feeling, showing, or involving a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.

(बेकरार)

Critical, Dire, Urgent, Despondent, Futile, Dangerous

Afraid, Cowardly, Trivial, Moderate, Unimportant

He was so desperate to win the competition that he doped himself.

Crescendo

Noun

The loudest point reached in a gradually increasing sound.

(स्वरोत्कर्ष)

Increase to climax

Escalation, Upsurge, Apex, Ascension, Culmination

Base, Decline, Bottom

The DJ sound rose to a crescendo and then suddenly stopped.

Verb

Increase in loudness or intensity

(तेज)

-

-

The voice of protesters outside the CM’s house began to crescendo.

Dominate

Verb 

To have power and influence over. 

(हावी होना) 

Command, Dictate, Control, Influence 

Follow, Lose, Obey, Mismanage 

The Gandhi family has dominated the Congress party.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अभूतपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled, Uncommon

Common, Normal, Generic, General, Usual

The current war situation has led to unprecedented growth in oil prices.

Adequate

Adjective

Enough in quality or quantity

(पर्याप्त)

Acceptable, Capable, Competent, Decent, Sufficient, Tolerable, Suitable

Inadequate, Inappropriate, Incapable, Incompetent, Poor

There is no adequate food supply for the poor people living in remote areas.

Crisis

Noun

A time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.

(संकट)

Change, Confrontation, Crunch, Deadlock, Dilemma

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Calm, Breakthrough

The current crisis in the country is the result of the policies of the incumbent government.

Decisive

Adjective

Settling an issue; producing a definite result.

(निर्णयक)

Conclusive, Critical, Crucial, Definitive, Significant

Inconclusive, Indefinite, Insignificant, Irresolute, Weak, Trivial

His decision to halt the machine proved decisive for all workers.

Inherit

Verb

Receive (money, property, or a title) as an heir at the death of the previous holder.

(पैतृक सम्पत्ति पाना)

Acquire, Derive, Obtain, Receive, Take over

Fail, Forfeit, Lose

He has inherited this property from his grandfather.

Indeed

Adverb

Used to emphasize a statement or response confirming something already suggested.

(वास्तव में)

Absolutely, Certainly, Easily, Naturally, Very much, Truly

Doubtfully, Indefinite, Dubiously, Questionably

He is indeed responsible for his failure.

Threshold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

The threshold of my patience has arrived.

Criticism

Noun

The act of passing judgment on the merits of anything.

A comment that expresses disapproval of something or someone.

(आलोचना)

Critique, Examen, Assessment, Comment, Opinion, Denunciation, Objection

Approval, Compliment, Flattery, Estimation

He invited criticism by creating a nuisance at the meeting.

Infuriate

Verb

Make someone extremely angry and impatient

(क्रोधित करना)

Aggravate, Anger, Enrage, Exasperate, Irritate

Appease, Calm, Comfort, Delight, Help

What infuriates me is your attitude towards women.

Apathy

Noun

lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.

(उदासीनता)

Indifference, Unconcern, Passivity, Phlegm, Detachment, Lassitude, Torpor

Interest, Passion, Enthusiasm, Attentiveness, Attachment

The apathy among students increased when no action was taken against their complaints.

Plight

Noun


A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.

(दुर्दशा)

Predicament, Unfortunate, Sorry condition, Trouble, Circumstances

Advantage, Solution, Benefit, Boon

The plight of the old and destitute women was not understood by anyone.

Denial

Noun


The action of declaring something to be untrue.

(इनकार)

Disapproval, Rebuttal, Rejection, Repudiation, Retraction, Veto

Allowance, Approval, Confirmation, Sanction, Agreement

His denial to get along for the party upset us.

Putative

Adjective

Generally considered or reputed to be

(विख्यात)

Supposed, Assumed, Presumed, Acknowledged, Accepted, Recognized

Proven, Real, True

The putative player was present at the opening ceremony.

Profligate

Adjective

Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources.

(संसाधनों के उपयोग में लापरवाही से फिजूलखर्ची)

Reckless, Prodigal, Spendthrift, Squandering

Careful, Saving

Shaksham is famous for his profligate spending habits.

Noun

Dissolute person

(चरित्रहीन)

Degenerate, Reprobate, Swinger, Lecher

-

Ramu is profligate and is not liked by all.

Remittances

Noun


A sum of money sent, especially by mail, in payment for goods or services or as a gift.

(प्रेषण)

Allowance, Award, Benefit, Bonus, Contribution

Forfeit, Loss, Penalty

India receives maximum remittances from UAE.

Severe

Adjective

(of something bad or undesirable) very great

(गंभीर)

Harsh, Acute, Bitter, Dangerous, Drastic, Extreme, Fierce

Kind, Easy, Amenable, Calm, Compromising

You will have to face severe consequences if you did not withdraw your complaint.

Shore up

Verb

To support or help

(समर्थन या मदद करना)

Aid, Boost, Buoy, Buttress, Strengthen, Support

Block, Decrease, Discourage, Halt, Hinder

The government needs to take measures to shore up its position as an exporter of oil.

Advocate

Verb

Support idea or cause

Back, Encourage, Favour, Defend, Further, Justify

Block, Conceal, Condemn, Deny, Hurt, Disapprove

They advocated for the neighborhood first policy.

Disenchantment

Noun

A feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.

(निराशा)

Disappointment, Disillusionment, Dissatisfaction, Discontent

Content, Satisfied, Pleased, Suffice

There is disenchantment among the people against the new leader.

Empathetic

Adjective

Showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

(सहानुभूतिपूर्ण)

Sensitive, Emotive, Sympathy, Sensibility, Feeling, Awareness

Distance, Space, Gap, Afar, Differences

He is very empathetic and kind towards old age people.

 

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?