The Hindu Vocabulary 10 May 2022

2022-05-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled The end of a brand: On the fall of the Rajapaksas.’ 

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Esteem

Noun

Respect and admiration

(आदर)

Regard, Estimation, Acclaim, Approval, Appreciation

-

He was held in high esteem by his teachers.

Verb

Respect and admire

(आदर करना)

Value, Admire, Revere, Honor, Idolize

Condemn, Belittle, Denounce, Dishonor, Dislike

His qualities are esteemed by every person he meets.

Underscore

Verb

To emphasize.

(ज़ोर देना)

Highlight, Spotlight, Stress, Weight, Accentuate, Prioritize

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

The judge underscored the need for police reforms.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle.

(बीच में)

 

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

The survey report was released amidst the COVID pandemic.

Abrupt

Adjective

Sudden and unexpected

(आकस्मिक)

Hasty, Hurried, Surprising, Unanticipated, Quick

Expected, Lazy, Slow, At ease

There was an abrupt change in his behaviour that could not go unnoticed.

Teeming

Verb

Pour down

(जोर से गिरना)

 

Fall heavily, Pelt down, Tip down, Beat down

-

The rain was teeming down at the tent.

Adjective

Abundant

(भरा हुआ)

Brimming, Filled, Overflowing, Packed, Crawling

Empty, Lacking, Needing, Wanting

The river is teeming with marine resources.

Swarming

Adjective

Moving in or forming a large or dense group

(झुंड में होना)

Arranged, Congested, Crowded, Filled, Jammed, Loaded

Clear, Uncongested, Uncrowded, Empty, Deserted

The swarming mob attacked the old building.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The economic crisis in Sri Lanka has taken a new turn.

Heedless

Adjective

Showing a reckless lack of care or attention.

(असावधान)

Inattentive, Reckless, Imprudent, Inadvertent, Incautious, Rash

Attentive, Careful, Caring, Cautious, Concerned

He made a very heedless decision of handing him over the project.

Spiral

Noun

A spiral or helical curve.

(कुंडली)

Coil, Corkscrew, Curlicue, Flourish

Straight

The sea plane was flying in spirals.

Adjective

Of the nature of a coil.

(पेचदार)

Circling, Coiled, Circular

-

There is a spiral staircase up to the top of the building.

Verb

Advancing to higher levels through a spiral course.

(चढ़ती)

Rise, Coil, Entwine, Twine, Wind

-

The cost of petrol keeps on spiraling throughout the year.

Arsonist

Noun

A person who deliberately sets the property or vehicle on fire.

(आगजनी करने वाला)

Firebug, Incendiary, Pyromaniac, Torch

-

The police department has identified all the arsonists.

Assuage

Verb

To lessen the intensity of something that causes pain.

To put an end to something by satisfying.

(शांत करना/ कम करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Appease, Lessen

Aggravate, Agitate, Dissatisfy, Incite

He was not here to assuage our grief.

Instability

Noun

The quality of being unstable.

(अस्थिरता)

Anxiety, Fluctuation, Insecurity, Vulnerability

Calm, Constancy, Soundness, Balance

The instability in the European region is causing trouble in the entire world.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The current regime has been a failure in handling the crisis.

Deter

Verb

To discourage from proceeding.

To discourage from doing something.

(रोक रखना/ डराकर रोकना)

Avert, Block, Dampen, Daunt, Dissuade, Forestall, Frighten, Hinder

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

She was not deterred by his threats.

Dilemma

Verb

A situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable options.

A problem with a difficult choice.

(दुविधा)

Difficulty, Embarrassment, Impasse, Mess, Plight, Predicament

Solution

I was in a dilemma of selecting the college for my masters.

Mobilisation

Noun

The act or process of preparing something for action.

(गतिमान करना)

Rally, Active service, Assemblage, Compilation. Lot

Division, Individual, Separation

During the pandemic, the mobilization of all the resources as necessary.

Hardship

Noun

 

A condition that is difficult.

Something that causes suffering.

(कष्ट)

Adversity, Calamity, Catastrophe, Danger

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

Her earlier life was full of hardships.

 

 

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Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T