The Hindu Vocabulary 11 May 2022

2022-05-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled Measuring the change: On socio-economic surveys.’ 

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Enhance

Verb

Improve

(सुधारना)

Add to, Augment, Boost, Raise, Build up, Complement

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hurt, Lessen

This dress has enhanced her beauty.

Reliability

Noun

The quality of being trustworthy or of performing consistently well. (विश्वसनीयता)

Accuracy, Authenticity, Honesty, Loyalty, Safety, Security

Danger, Disloyalty, Falsehood, Treachery

Some modification needs to be done to the car to improve its reliability.

Insight

Noun

The capacity to gain an accurate and deep intuitive understanding of a person or thing.

(अंतर्दृष्टि)

Acumen, Judgment, Observation, Understanding

Ignorance, Stupidity

The insight provided by you on the report is worth considering.

Underway

Adverb

In progress.

(क्रम में)

Afoot

Halted

The construction of the new house is underway and would be completed by 2024.

Adjective

Occurring while in motion.

(मार्ग का)

Afoot, Ongoing

Halted, Stopped

The transition in Kanpur has been underway for some time.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

A stage or situation viewed as a series of events.

(उदाहरण/ घटना)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

You can do various activities at the museum for instance photography.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Jacob instanced that particular incident many times during that road trip.

Parameter

Noun

A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation.

(प्राचल)

Criterion, Framework, Guideline, Restriction, Specification

-

The total score will be based on the performance in six parameters.

Immunisation

Noun

The action of making a person or animal immune to infection, typically by inoculation.

(प्रतिरक्षा)

Booster Dose, Vaccine, Recall Dose

-

Immunization among children has seen growth in the last few years.

Minimal

Adjective

Of a minimum amount, quantity, or degree

(कम से कम)

Very little, Minimum, Least Possible, Minutest, Littlest, Nominal

Inessential, Nonessential,  Secondary, Maximum

I have obtained minimal gains from this business.

Prevalence

Noun

The fact or condition of being prevalent; commonness.

(प्रसार)

Familiarity, Popularity, Regularity, Commonness, Widespread

Confined, Restricted, Constricted, Confining, Narrow

The prevalence of goitre can be seen in remote villages.

Worsen

Verb

Make or become worse

(बदतर करना)

Aggravate, Damage, Decline, Deteriorate, Lower

Aid, Increase, Comfort, Help, Improve, Raise

The growth has worsened in the manufacturing sector over the years.

Churn

Verb

Mix up

(मथना)

Swirl, Simmer, Agitate, Jolt

Freeze

The colleges churn the students profile to get a better admissions rate.

Decline

Noun

A gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, quality, or value.

(पतन)

Decrease, Reduce, Get smaller, Lessen, Diminish, Wane, Dwindle

Increase, Rise, Perfection, Success, Improvement

There has been a decline in the total fertility rate in India.

Verb

(typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less

(कमज़ोर होना)

Reduction, Downturn, Depreciation, Lowering, Devaluation, Lessening

Advance, Ascend, Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Extend

The water level declined drastically in this river.

Dipped

Verb

Lower

(कम करना)

Decline, Drop down, Fall, Skid, Slip, Slump

Advance, Ascend, Increase, Rise, Even, Level

The birth rate has not dipped in the last few years.

Coercive

Adjective

Relating to or using force or threats.

(बलपूर्वक)

Forceful, Vigorous, Powerful, Assertive, Harsh, Insistent, Pushing

Weak, Soft, Subtle, Kind, Submissive, Feeble, Lame, Useless

There is a need for coercive policy to limit population growth.

Struck

Adjective

Hit forcibly and deliberately with one's hand or a weapon or other implement.

(चोट मारना)

Battered, Hurt, Pounded, Smacked, Shut down

-

The clock struck 12 and we wished him a happy birthday.

Agnostic

Noun

Person unsure that God exists

(अज्ञेयवाद का अनुयायी)

Skeptic, Doubter, Freethinker, Materialist, Unbeliever

Believer

The agnostics did not protest against the construction of a new temple.

Equity

Noun

The quality of being fair and impartial.

(न्याय संगतता)

Fairness, Justness, Integrity, Honesty, Reasonableness

Dishonesty, Bias, Partiality, Unfairness

The government should focus on gender equity.

The value of the shares issued by a company.

(किसी कंपनी द्वारा जारी किए गए शेयरों का मूल्य)

Capital, Investment, Outlay, Value, Worth

-

I have invested in equity instead of fixed deposits.

Implication

Noun

The conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

(निहितार्थ)

Conclusion, Connotation, Indication, Meaning, Overtone, Ramification, Connection

Measurement, Proof, Reality, Truth

The implication of your decision will be soon in front of you.

Substantially

Adverb

To a large extent

(काफी हद तक)

Considerably, Essentially, Extensively, Largely, Materially

Slightly, Insignificantly

He waited for me for a substantially longer duration.

Persist

Verb

To continue firmly in some course of action in spite of opposition.

To last tenaciously.

(दृढ़ रहना)

Continue, Endure, Linger, Persevere

Cease, Discontinue, Halt, Leave

The pain will not persist longer; it will soon fade away.

 

 

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Arittapatti in Madurai has been notified as Tamil Nadu's "First Biodiversity Heritage Site" under section 37 of which act?