The Hindu Vocabulary 12 May 2022

2022-05-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled Engage, not dismiss: On India’s response to WHO’s COVID-19 deaths report.’ 

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Engage

Verb

Occupy, attract, or involve (someone's interest or attention).

(व्यस्त रखना)

Capture, Catch, Participate, Take part, Join, Preoccupy

Bore, Disenchant, Disinterest, Free, Ignore, Let go

He was engaged in making posters for the competition.

Dismiss

Verb

Order or allow to leave; send away.

(नकार देना)

Decline, Disband, Dissolve, Expel, Let go, Reject

Accept, Allow, Hold, Keep, Permit, Promote, Retain

The court dismissed the case and bail the accused.  

Response

Noun

An answer or reply in words or action.

(प्रतिक्रिया)

Answer, Reaction, Reply, Return

Question, Failure, Request, Asking

The insight provided by you on the report is worth considering.

Excess

Noun

An amount of something that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable.

(अतिरेक)

Exuberance, Glut, Surplus, Waste, By-product, Enough

Insufficiency, Lack, Need, Want, Base, Few

We should do nothing in excess.

Adjective

Exceeding a prescribed or desirable amount.

(अतिरिक्त)

Surplus, Superfluous, Spare, Redundant, Unwanted, Reserve

Wanted, Lacking, Empty

The excess fat should be shredded by you.

Robust

Adjective

Strong and healthy; vigorous.

(मजबूत)

Strong, Sturdy, Vigorous, Powerful, tough, Stern

Weak, Debilitate, Frail, Fragile, Sensitive

The machine is robust and easy to handle.

Pandemic

Adjective

Universal

(सर्वव्यापी महामारी)

Board, Common, Comprehensive, Generic

Abnormal, Exclusive, Incomplete, Infrequent

The report on deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic has been released by WHO.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

The surge in the number of reserved seats seems good for no one.

 

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The number of students applying to foreign universities has surged.

Mortality

Adjective

Of a minimum amount, quantity, or degree

(कम से कम)

Very little, Minimum, Least Possible, Minutest, Littlest, Nominal

Inessential, Nonessential,  Secondary, Maximum

The infant mortality rate in India has declined.

Infirm

Adjective

Not physically or mentally strong, especially through age or illness.

(कमजोर)

Ailing, Insecure, Decrepit, Feeble, Frail, Ill

Healthy, Sound, Strong, Heart, Firm

Those who are infirm can back out of the plan.

Disrupted

Adjective

Interruption of an event, activity, or process by causing a disturbance or problem.

(बाधित)

Broken, Delayed, Postponed, Obstructed, Suspended

-

Disrupted health system is one of the main causes of death during the pandemic.

Deny

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He denied the fact that his wife is no more.

Cumulative

Adjective

Increasing or increased in quantity, degree, or force by successive additions.

(संचयी)

Increasing, Accumulative, Growing, Progressive, Accruing

Decreasing, Diminishing, Dissolving, Finishing, Ending

The researchers are studying the cumulative effect of the two year drought.

Indeed

Adverb

Used to emphasize a statement or response confirming something already suggested.

(वास्तव में)

Absolutely, Certainly, Easily, Naturally, Really, Surely

Doubtfully, Dubiously, Indefinite, Questionably

Elisha is indeed my best friend.

Negate

Verb

Make ineffective

(नकारना)

Nullify, Invalidate, Neutralize, Undo, Void

Worthy, Full, Filled, Meaningful, Occupied

Taking medicines cannot negate the effect of eating unhealthy foods.

Discrepancy

Noun

A lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.

(विसंगति)

Difference, Disparity, Distinction, Divergence, Error

Accord, Sameness, Agreement, Alikeness, Similarity

The data available from State and the Centre show some discrepancies.

Corroborate

Verb

Confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding).

(समर्थन करना)

Authenticate, Confirm, Justify, Substantiate, Validate, Verify

Disprove, Invalidate, Veto, Contradict, Deny

The witness had corroborated the attack on Anil.

 

 

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