The Hindu Vocabulary 13 May 2022

2022-05-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The importance of consent: On marital rape.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Consent

Noun

Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something. (सहमति)

Acquiescence, Approval, Assent, Authorization, Compliance, Permit

Denial, Disagreement, Refusal, Disapproval, Dissent, Rejection, Prohibition

He did not give his consent for the membership to your organisation.

Verb

Agree to something or give permission for something to happen.

(सहमत होना)

Subscribe, Comply, Acquiesce, Concede, Accept, Allow, Approve

Deny, Disagree, Condemn, Disallow, Dispute, Dissent, Forbid

He consented to donate his organs after he dies.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

Many sanctions were put to restrict his movement.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

His promotion request has been sanctioned by the board.

Verdict

Noun

The finding or answer of a jury given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment. (निर्णय)

Answer, Award, Finding, Opinion, Decision, Decree

Accusation

The verdict by the Allahabad High court on Taj Mahal case was welcomed by all.

Criminalize

Verb

Turn an activity into a criminal offense by making it illegal.

(अपराध)

Illegalize, Outlaw

Decriminalize, Legalize

Marital rape of women of all age groups should be criminalized.

Reignite

Verb

To begin or cause (something) to begin to burn again

(पुन: प्रज्जवलित करना)

To reoccur suddenly

(अचानक दोबारा होना)

-

-

Religious matters are never settled. They seemed to reignite every two or three months.

Legislature

Noun

The legislative body of a country or state.

(विधान मंडल)

Chamber, House, Parliament, Body, Council, Assembly, Diet, Senate, House of representatives

-

The state legislature will soon pass a law to ease norms for starting a new business.

Safeguard

Noun

A measure taken to protect someone or something or to prevent something undesirable.

(रक्षा)

Security, Shield, Aegis, Armament, Bulwark, Buffer

Endangerment, Harm, Injury

There are many safeguards in the nuclear plant to prevent any mishappening like the Chernobyl disaster.

Verb

Protect from harm or damage with an appropriate measure.

(बचाव करना)

Assure, Conserve, Defend, Ensure, Preserve, Shield

Endanger, Hurt, Uncover, Destroy, Disregard

Matt will do everything to safeguard his property from intrusion.

Mindset

Noun

The established set of attitudes held by someone. (नज़रिया)

Psychology, Ethos, Mentality, Attitude, Psyche, Therapy

Physicality

It will take a lot of time to change the mindset of society toward women.

Sacrament

Noun

A thing of mysterious and sacred significance

(धार्मिक अनुष्ठान)

Communion, Liturgy, Celebration, Ceremony

Break, Denial, Divorce, Neglect

This place is considered a sacrament by many Jainism followers.

Ingredient

Adjective

Something that enters into a compound or is a component part of any combination or mixture.

(घटक)

Building Block, Component, Constituent, Element, Factor, Member

Whole

Can you please tell me about the ingredients required to make white sauce Pasta?

Deprive

Verb

Prevent (a person or place) from having or using something.

(वंचित करना)

Dispossess, Strip, Divest, Bereave, Rob, Deny

Possess, Hold, Have, Own, Possession

The rural children in India are deprived of quality education.

Discriminate

Verb

Make an unjust or prejudicial distinction in the treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, sex, age, or disability

(भेदभाव)

Segregate, Judge, Discern, Distinguish, Differentiate, Incline

Combine, Unite, Join, Misinterpret, Neglect

The government shall not discriminate in providing employment opportunities.

Legitimise

Verb

Legalize

(वैधता)

Codify, Constitute, Decriminalise, Legislate, Regulate

Disorganise, Disapprove, Prevent, Deny, Disallow

Betting should be legitimised by the government.

Conjugal

Adjective

Relating to marriage or the relationship of a married couple

(वैवाहिक)

Marital, Matrimonial, Marriage, Wedded

-

Many women in India are devoid of conjugal rights.

Offence

Noun

A breach of a law or rule

An illegal act.

The action of attacking someone or something.

(अपराध)

Breach, Violation, Crime, Misdeed, Sin, Transgression, Trespass, Attack, Assault, Aggression

Behaviour, Good deed, Obedience, Aid, Respect

Your offence is such that it cannot be pardoned by any court of law.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?