The Hindu Vocabulary 14 May 2022

2022-05-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Rise of the son: On the landslide victory of Ferdinand Marcos Jr. in the Philippines.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Landslide

Noun

The rapid downward movement of a rock or earth mass.

An overwhelming victory.

(भूस्खलन)

Avalanche, Mudslide, Advantage, Conquest

Dripple, Drip, Trickle

The landslide has caused a road blockage.

Verb

To come down like a landslide.

To win by a big margin.

(भूस्खलन के रूप में नीचे आना।/ बड़े अंतर से जीतना।)

-

-

The games were allowed to landslide by keeping matches between weak and strong opponents.

Legacy

Noun

An amount of money left to someone in a will.

Something transmitted from an ancestor.

(परंपरा)

Inheritance, Heritage, Estate, Gift, Tradition, Bequest

-

My father left us a legacy of millions of dollars.

Adjective

Related to a previous or outdated computer system.

(पिछले या पुराने कंप्यूटर सिस्टम से संबंधित।)

-

-

He transferred the legacy data.

Disown

Verb

To refuse to acknowledge as about oneself.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Deny, Disaffirm, Disallow, Disavow, Negate, Refute, Repudiate

Acknowledge, Admit, Allow, Avow

She disowned her stepson.

Restore

Verb

To bring back into existence.

To bring back into use.

(पुनर्स्थापित करना)

Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct, Replace, Return

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Break

The mechanic has restored my old bicycle.

Accountability

Noun

The state of being accountable or responsible.

(जवाबदेही) 

Liability, Answerability

Irresponsibility, Carelessness

The officers should have a sense of accountability.

Testimony

Noun

An open acknowledgment.

Evidence in support of a fact.

A formal statement.

(गवाही/ साक्ष्य/ बयान)

Affidavit, Data, Demonstration, Deposition, Evidence, Proof, Testament, Witness

Disproof, Denial, Veto

His testimony saved him from conviction.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The current regime is very much concerned about the image of the country.

Martial law

Noun

The law applied in occupied territory by the military authority of the occupying power.

(फौजी कानून)

Army Rule, Iron Rule

-

Martial law has been imposed to put the situation under control.

Thuggery

Noun

Rough and violent behaviour.

(गला घोंटना/ दम घोंटना/ ठगी/ बदमाशी)

Stranglehold, Trickery

Peaceful, Honest

I was surprised by his mindless thuggery.

Assassination

Noun

Murder by a sudden or secret attack, usually of a prominent person.

Treacherous destruction of a person’s reputation.

(हत्या/ कपटवध/ छलघात/ गुप्तघात)

Crime, Manslaughter, Murder, Homicide

Birth

His speech was a character assassination of the opposition leader.

Overthrow

Noun

The act of removing from power.

(पराभव/ उलटाना)

Removal, Downfall, Fall, Collapse

-

The overthrow of the democratic government is not a good step for the country.

Verb

To depose from a position or power.

(जबरन सत्ता से हटाना।)

Abolish, Conquer, Crush, Depose

Establish, Fail, Institute, Lose

The heavy winds during the storm had overthrown telephone poles.

Thumping

Adjective

Impressively great.

(ज़बरदस्त)

Heavy, Large, Massive, Robust

Easy, Impoverished, Inconsequential, Insignificant

He has won by a thumping majority.

Adverb

Very

(बहुत बड़ा/ बहुत)

Achingly, Almighty, Archly, Awful

Little, Negligible, Nominally, Slightly

A thumping good trip is waiting for us.

Disgrace

Noun

A source of shame.

The state of being out of favour.

(अपमान/ निरादर/ कुरूपता/ बदनामी)

Contempt, Degradation, Disrespect, Humiliation

Admiration, Approval, Credit, Elevation

He was left in disgrace by his friends.

Verb

To bring shame upon.

To dismiss with discredit.

(निरादर करना/ कलंकित करना)

Besmirch, Debase, Defame, Defile

Approve, Clean, Commend, Compliment

His reputation was all disgraced by this scandal.

Repackage

Verb

To pack again or anew.

(पुन: पैकेज)

-

-

We were required to remove plastic packaging and repackage the books in an eco-friendly way.

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