The Hindu Vocabulary 12 April 2022

2022-04-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled “Language no bar: On Hindi and ‘other’ States”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Absolutely

Adverb

With no qualification, restriction, or limitation

(पूर्ण रूप से)

Completely, Totally, Utterly, Perfectly, Entirely, Wholly, Fully

Doubtfully, Questionably, Dubiously, Uncertain

He trusted him absolutely.

Bound

Adjective

Certain to do or have something

(निश्चित)

Constrained, Enslaved, Obligated, Restrained, Driven

Irresolute, Allowed, Permitted, Unrestricted, Unbounded

He is bound to follow the rules and regulations here.

Verb

Form the boundary of

(सीमित करना)

Enclose, Surround, Encircle, Ring, Circumscribe

Allow, Permit, Unrestrict, Let go

The field was bounded by the wires so as to prevent cattle from entering.

Noun

A leaping movement upward

A territorial limit

(सीमा)

 

Leap, Jump, Spring, Bounce, Hop

Borders, Boundaries, Confines, Limits

-

I reached the wall in two bounds.

The bounds of the countries can be changed only after the agreement between the party countries.

Impression

Noun

An idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone, especially one formed without conscious thought or on the basis of little evidence.

(प्रभाव)

Feeling, Sense, Suspicion, Inkling, unch, Notion, Idea, Thought

-

His actions gave the impression that he is not interested in this deal.

A mark impressed on a surface by something.

(छाप)

Dent, Hollow, Depression, Indentation, Stamp, Imprint

-

The impression of the hands of a child on the sand looks beautiful.

Impose

Verb

Force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.


Take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Charge, Demand, Require, Establish, Foist

Disorder, Overlook, Displace, Forget

The authorities imposed COVID restrictions in some regions.

Alternative

Adjective

(of one or more things) available as another possibility.

(वैकल्पिक)

Different, Other, Another, Second, Possible, Cover

-

There are different alternative methods to introduce a new product in the market.

Noun

One of two or more available possibilities.

(विकल्प)

Option, Choice, Substitute, Replacement, Resort, Proxy

Rejection, Compulsion, Constraint, Necessity, Obligation

You can choose Maths as an alternative to Biology.

Abandon

Verb

Leave behind

(छोड़ देना)

Desert, Discard, Discontinue, Ditch, Drop out, Leave

Advance, Allow, Begin, Come, Continue, Maintain

He was forced to abandon his country.

Presuppose

Verb

(of an action, process, or argument) require as a precondition of possibility or coherence.

(अनुमान करना)

Require, Necessitate, Imply, Mean, Involve, Assume, Believe, Surmise

Disbelieve

Your theory presupposes many values and can’t be approved.

Overlooked

Verb

Fail to notice something

(अनदेखी करना)

Forget, Ignore, Omit, Disdain, Miss

Pay attention, Recognise, Remember, Attend, Get

He has overlooked the important facts in this case.

Have a view of something

(ऊपर से एक नज़र)

Dominate, Look out on, Look Over, Command

Drop, Fall, Follow, Ignore, Neglect

She overlooked the sugarcane fields for the first time.

Befitting

Adjective

Appropriate to the occasion

(यथोचित)

Beseeming, Conforming, Correct, Fit, Right, Apt

Imprecise, Improper, Inaccurate, Inappropriate, Incorrect

Japan organized the Tokyo Olympics in a befitting manner.

Aversion

Noun

A strong dislike or disinclination.

(घृणा)

Disinclination, Abhorrence, Hatred, Loathing, Detestation, Antipathy

Liking, Love, Rapport, Approval, Desire

He has an aversion to Science subjects.

Diverse

Adjective

Showing a great deal of variety

(विविध)

Differing, Distinct, Divergent, Diversified, Varied, Contrasting

Like, Same, Similar, Identical, Parallel

We should respect the diverse culture of our country.

Condemn

Verb

Blame

(निंदा करना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticise

Approve, Laud, Endorse, Praise

The opposition leaders condemned the agricultural policy of the government.

Disapproval

Noun

Possession or expression of an unfavorable opinion

(अस्वीकृति)

Censure, Dislike, Displeasure, Criticism, Objection

Approval, Compliment, Praise, Happiness, Pleasure

My father gave me a hint of the disapproval of my plans to go abroad.

Lashed

Verb

Criticize harshly

(कड़ी आलोचना करना)

Berate, Castigate, Scold, Censure, Fluminate

Defend, Praise, Compliment, Approve

He lashed out at me for accidentally breaking his phone.

Nurture

Verb

Care for and encourage the growth or development of

(पालन ​​- पोषण करना)

Bring up, Care for, Provide for, Take care of, Attend to

Abandon, Decrease, Deprive, Destroy

The garden was carefully nurtured by my grandmother.

Noun

The process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something.

(किसी चीज की वृद्धि की देखभाल करने और प्रोत्साहित करने की प्रक्रिया)

Encouragement, Promotion, Fostering, Development, Cultivation

Ignorance, Neglect, Negligence, Deprivation

The principal commended the nurture of the principles of morality and honesty in the school.

Deserve

Verb

Do something or have or show qualities worthy of (reward or punishment).

(योग्य होना)

Merit, Earn, Warrant, Rate, Justify, Be worthy of

Fail, Lose, Miss, Pass, Spend, Forfeit

You deserve an award for your bravery.

Substantive

Noun

Having a firm basis in reality and therefore important, meaningful, or considerable.

(मूल)

Basic, Core, Origin

Bounded, Calculable, Countable, Limited

The government should take substantive measures against cyber crimes in India.

Perception

Noun

the way in which something is regarded, understood or interpreted.

(दृष्टिकोण)

Understanding, Judgement, Observation, Thought, Interpretation

Ignorance, Avoiding, Incomprehension, Idiocy

You have a very wrong perception of the current government.

Imbibe

Verb

to receive into the mind and retain

(मन में ग्रहण करना और बनाए रखना)

-

-

One should imbibe moral principles to become a better human being.

Abundance

Noun

A very large quantity of something.

(प्रचुरता)

Affluence, Myriad, Plenty, Plethora, Profusion, Bounty

Few, Lack, Little, Need, Poverty, Scarcity

There is an abundance of natural wealth in Uttar Pradesh.

 

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