The Hindu Vocabulary 13 April 2022

2022-04-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Weighing the choices: on precautionary vaccine doses.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Precautionary

Adjective

Relating to precaution.

Care taken in advance.

(निवारक/ रोकनेवाला)

Alert, Careful, Discreet, Caution, Palladium, Preventive

Careless

It is better to take precautionary measures rather than suffering later.

Steady

Adjective

Firm in position.

Showing little variation.

Regular in movement.

(नियमित/ संतुलित)

Constant, Durable, Regular, Reliable

Irregular, Undependable, Unreliable, Unsteady

He kept his hand steady while giving the blood sample.

Verb

To keep stable.

(स्थिर रखना)

-

-

He steadied the camera and clicked the picture.

 

Noun

A person’s boyfriend or girlfriend.

(किसी व्यक्ति का प्रेमी या प्रेमिका।)

-

-

Her steady has dumped her yesterday.

Slump

Noun

A period of decline or decrease.

(मंदी)

Collapse, Crash, Dip, Fall

Ascent, Rise, Boon, Increase

There has been a slump in the stock prices.

Verb

To fall or decline suddenly

(गिर पड़ना)

Collapse, Deteriorate, Droop, Tumble

Ascend, Build, Increase, Rise

She slumped to the floor and hurt herself.

Restriction

Noun

A limitation on the use of some facilities.

(प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Control, Restraint, Stipulation

Allowance, Liberation, Freedom, Permission, Help

There has been a restriction on the use of odd-numbered cars on weekdays.

Mutate

Verb

To change.

To undergo an alteration of one or more characteristics.

(रूप बदलना/ रूपांतरित होना)

Change, Fluctuate, Shift, Snap

Plateau, Stabilize, Remain, Stay

The virus is mutating very rapidly.

Severe

Adjective

the fact or condition of being serious.

(तीव्रता)

Seriousness, Gravity, Strength, Intensity, Ferocity

Mildness, Leniency, Geniality, Elaboration, Simplicity

He was suffering from a severe body ache.

Aspect

Noun

A particular status or phase in which something appears.

The side facing a given direction.

A particular appearance of the face.

(पहलू/ आकृति)

Attitude, Condition, Facet, Form, Phase, Prospect

Whole

You are unaware of all aspects of the story.

Antibody

Noun

A blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen.

(प्रतिरक्षी)

Antibiotic, Antiseptic, Antiserum, Bug

-

The presence of antibodies guarantees protection from a few variants only.

Vaccination

Noun

The act of inoculation with vaccine.

(टीका)

DiffInnoculation, Shot, Immunization

-

India has achieved a magnificent feat of around 2 billion vaccinations.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

A stage or situation viewed as a series of events.

(उदाहरण/ घटना)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

He preferred to stay quiet in this instance of the situation.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Jacob instanced that particular incident many times during that road trip.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

There is enough evidence to convict him.

Eschew

Verb

To abstain or keep away.

To avoid habitually, especially on moral grounds.

(त्याग करना/ परिहार करना)

Abandon, Avoid, Forgo, Forswear

Face, Keep, Embrace, Meet

The crowd accepted Prime Minister’s appeal to eschew violence.

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

A booster dose is now available to any person above 18 years of age.

Inoculate

Verb

To implant an antigen in a person.

To introduce microorganisms to the surroundings suited to their growth.

To introduce something into the mind of someone.

(टीका लगाना/ कलम लगाना/ संचार करना)

Inject, Vaccinate, Protect

-

Many parents are hesitant to inoculate their children.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic may continue for another year.

Emerge

Verb

Come out

To come into existence.

To rise or come forth from water or other liquid.

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive, Arise, Surface, Rise, Dawn

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall, Hide, Leave, Lessen, fall

The situation emerged from nothing.

Transmissible

Adjective

Contagious

(संक्रामक)

Infectious, Endemic, Poisonous, Spreading

Harmless, Non-communicable

The virus is transmissible in animals.

Spike

Noun

A sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration of something.

A thin pointed piece of metal.

(वृद्धि/ नोकदार चीज़)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Swell, Rise, Climb, Escalate, Surge

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Reduce, Drop

They set spikes at the top of the wall.

Verb

Impale or pierce with a sharp point.

To undergo a sudden sharp increase.

(छेदना/ खूंटा ठोंकना)

Impale, Pierce, Penetrate, Perforate, Stab

Detach, Loosen, Release

Her blood pressure spiked after taking the medicine.

Transparent

Adjective

Having the property of transmitting light without considerable scattering.

Free from deceit.

Easily understood.

(पारदर्शी/ स्पष्ट)

Clear, Thin, Translucent, Easy, Honest

Blocked, Cloudy, Questionable, Dark, Devious, Difficult

The water bottles are usually transparent.

Adequate

Adjective

As much as required or necessary.

Barely sufficient.

(पर्याप्त/ समुचित/ सक्षम)

Acceptable, Capable, Decent, Competent, Fair, Satisfactory

Inadequate, Inappropriate, Incapable, Incompetent

I urge you to make an adequate arrangement for the wedding.

Rationale

Noun

The fundamental reason for something.

A statement of reasons.

(तर्क / औचित्य/ मूल कारण)

Excuse, Explanation, Hypothesis, Justification, Motivation

Discouragement, Proof, Reality

The rationale for extending the last date to deposit tax is to allow taxpayers to pay taxes without a fine.

Special Offer get 25% Off
Use Coupon code SUCCESS25

ibps po mains current affairs and financial awareness 2022 Rs.499/- Read More
current affairs and financial awareness from january august 2022 Rs.449/- Read More
half yearly current affairs 2022 book january july Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs and banking awareness 2022 combined Rs.398/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?