The Hindu Vocabulary 14 April 2022

2022-04-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘In the shadow of war: On Modi-Biden virtual summit.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Virtual

Adjective

Temporarily simulated.

Occurring primarily online.

(आभासी/ यथार्थ)

Basic, Constructive, Essential, Fundamental, simulated, Computerized

Actual, Authentic, Real

These days meetings and summits are taking place in a virtual manner.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

The summit between the two leaders resulted in the resolution of the issue.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

Joshua ensured that everyone have their mobile phones with them before boarding the flight.

Erosion

Noun

The gradual downfall or decline of something.

The process by which the surface of the earth gets eroded.

(कटाव)

Attrition, Corrosion, Undermining, Waste

Building, Construction, Rebuilding, Strengthening

The grass was planted on the slope to avoid erosion.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

India holds bilateral summits with many nations.

Trajectory

Noun

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(प्रक्षेपवक्र)

-

-

The rocket followed the exact trajectory as it was designed and programmed for.

Uncertainty

Noun

The state of being uncertain.

(अनिश्चितता)

Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Anxiety, Concern

Assurance, Belief, Calmness, Certainty

There is uncertainty about the amount of appraisal in the organisation.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The invasion of Crimea by Russia is a major trigger of worry for Ukraine.

Condemnation

Noun

The act of judicially condemning.

Strong censure.

(निंदा)

Censure, Commination, Denunciation, Excoriation

Citation, Commendation, Approval, Praise

The government issued a statement as a condemnation of all acts of terrorism.

Intervene

Noun

To come between disputing people.

To occur between two things.

To lie between two things.

(हस्तक्षेप करना/ बीच में पड़ना)

Arbitrate, Intercede, Interfere, Involve, Meddle, Negotiate, Befall, Ensue

Combine, Connect, Join, Precede, Ignore

He asked me to not to intervene in his matter.

Vicissitude

Noun

A change or variation in the course of something.

A change of circumstances that is unwelcome or unpleasant.

(अन्याय/ भाग्‍य-परिवर्तन/ फेर)

Fluctuation, Permutation, Alteration, Diversity

Similarity, Uniformity, Stability, Stagnation

They remained best of friends in spite of the vicissitudes of life.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

India has been warned by the USA for not complying with the sanctions on Russia.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The International Monetary Fund should sanction the budget to help Srilanka fight the economic crisis.

Maritime

Adjective

Relating to border on the sea.

Relating to commerce activities on the sea.

(समुद्री)

Marine, Nautical, Navigational, Aquatic

-

The maritime industry is an important part of our economy.

Unilateral

Adjective

Relating to only one side.

Undertaken by one person or party.

Having only one side.

(एक तरफा/ एकांगी)

One-sided, Independent

Bilateral, Plurilateral, Multilateral

Our nation is going to take a unilateral decision and act on it.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic is taking a new form in every few days.

Adversary

Noun

One’s opponent in a contest.

A person or force that opposes or attacks.

(वैरी)

Antagonist, Attacker, Competitor, Enemy, Foe

Ally, Backer, Friend, Helper, Helpmate, Assistant

His political adversaries made every effort to defeat him in the elections.

Adjective

Relating to an enemy or adversary.

Involving parties of opposite interests.

(विरोधी/ प्रतिपक्षी)

Adversarial, Antagonistic, Antipathetic, Hostile, Inimical, Negative

Friendly, Hospitable, Nonantagonistic, Nonhostile

Divorce is often an adversary proceeding.

Imply

Verb

To Indicate or express indirectly.

To indicate by inference rather than by a direct statement.

(संकेत करना)

Entail, Hint, Involve, Mention, Signify

Define, Explicate, Express, State

His comments implied a threat.

Hegemon

Noun

Something having dominant influence over others.

(आधिपत्य)

-

-

America remains the global hegemon financially.

 

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?