The Hindu Vocabulary 15 April 2022

2022-04-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Alarm bells: On the need to tame inflation.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tame

Adjective

Reduced from a state of native wildness to be tractable and useful to humans

(पालतू)

Made docile and submissive

(विनम्र)

Lacking spirit

(निस्र्त्साह)

Domesticated, Docile, Trained, Pet

Feral, Savage, Undomesticated, Untamed, Wild

The campaign ran by the opposition parties was pretty tame.

Verb

To bring under control

(वश में करना)

Check, Constrain, Control, Curb, Govern

Lose, Free

The government is planning on some steps to tame inflation.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The Reserve Bank of India is going to focus more on inflation than earlier.

Hinterland

Noun

The remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers.

(आंतरिक इलाके)

Bush, Remote, Hicksville, Faraway, Distant

Nearby, Close, Central, Near

The coastline attracted the population while the hinterland is still unexplored.

Dampen

Verb

Make less strong or intense.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, Moderate, Damp

Heighten, Increased, Intensified, Enhanced, Boosted, Accelerated

Lucy was trying to dampen the enthusiasm of her opponent.

Make wet

(गीला हो जाना)

Bedew, Dabble, Humidify, Moisten, Spray, Sprinkle

Collect, Gather, Dehydrate, Dry

My clothes were dampened in the rain water.

Prioritise

Verb

Designate or treat (something) as more important than other things.

(प्राथमिकता देना)

Hierarchize, Sequence, Categorize, Arrange

Derange, Disarray, Disorder, Upset

The government should prioritise infrastructure development in remote areas.

Disquietingly

Adverb

In a disquieting manner

 (बेचैनी से)

-

-

The disquietingly close sound of the loudspeaker made us sick.

Sequential

Adjective

Forming or following in a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमबद्ध)

Subsequent, Consecutive, Constant, Continuous, Following

Nonsequential

A series of sequential steps were taken by the authorities to improve the quality of services.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organise, Soothe, Calm, Appease

The workers' strike has disrupted the normal functioning of the factory.

Protracted

Adjective

Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.

(लंबा)

Continued, Enduring, Extensive, Lengthy, Lingering

Short, Limited, Restricted, Barred

The two families faced the consequences of a protracted dispute between them.

Spike

Noun

A sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration of something.

A thin pointed piece of metal.

(वृद्धि/ नोकदार चीज़)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Swell, Rise, Climb, Escalate, Surge

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Reduce, Drop

The spikes were put to hang the paintings.

Verb

Impale or pierce with a sharp point.

To undergo a sudden sharp increase.

(छेदना/ खूंटा ठोंकना)

Impale, Pierce, Penetrate, Perforate, Stab

Detach, Loosen, Release

Her sugar level spiked due to her intake of excess sweets.

Spillover

Noun

An instance of overflowing into another area.

A quantity that spills over.

(एक मात्रा जो फैलती है।)

Deluge, Overabundance, Torrent, Exuberance, Flooding, Niagara

Discouragement, Lack, Need, Necessity, Insufficiency

New technology is going to have a spillover effect in many areas.

Precarity

Noun

The state of being precarious or uncertain.

(अनिश्चित)

Unpredictability, Unreliability, Precariousness, Fickleness

Certainty, Predictability, Confidence, Conviction

The precarity of the delivery of products in time demoted our market value. 

Vulnerability

Noun

The quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(संवेदनशीलता)

Fragility, Weakness, Delicacy, Frailty, Timidity

Strength, Robust, Strong, Firm, Sturdy

The vulnerability of the Elephants has increased due to human-animal conflict.

Freight

Noun

Goods transported in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.

(परिवहन)

The amount of money that is demanded as payment for something

(किसी चीज के भुगतान के रूप में मांगी जाने वाली धनराशि)

Cargo, Load, Haul, Consignment, Delivery, Shipment

Ante, Cost, Charge, Damage, Fee, Price

Benefit

There has been a decline in the amount of freight carried out by trucks.

The freight on imported goods has been increased by the government.

 

Verb

Be laden or burdened with.


Transport (goods) in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.

(लदा या बोझिल होना)

Burden, Encumber, Laden, Load, Saddle, Weight

Disburden, Discharge, Disencumber, Unburden, Unlade

His every word was freighted with jealousy.

Cautionary

Adjective

Serving as a warning

(चेतावनी देनेवाला)

Admonishing, Advisory, Cautioning, Warning, Preventive

-

He gave us a cautionary lecture to protect us from getting involved in illicit activities.

Latter

Adjective

Belonging to a subsequent time.

Relating to the last in a group of things.

Being the second among the mentioned two things.

(बाद वाला)

Recent, Closing, Final, Following

Beginning, First, Opening, Initial

We had pizza and burgers, do you prefer the former or the latter?

Intensify

Verb

To become more intense.

To make more acute.

To make stronger.

To increase the opacity using chemical.

(तेज/ तीव्र बनाना/ घनीभूत करना/ घनिष्ठ बनाना)

Aggravate, Boost, Build up, Deepen, Enhance, Escalate

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Dull, Halt, Help

Jack’s speech intensified the efforts to increase sales.

Subgroup

Noun

A subset of a group that is itself a group.

A subordinate group.

(उपसमूह/ उपझुंड)

-

-

The constitution requires representation from all ethnic subgroups.

Notwithstanding

Preposition

In spite of.

(भले ही)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, After all

-

Notwithstanding the evidence, the consensus of the jury is that the convict is not guilty.

Adverb

Nevertheless.

Anyway.

(इसके बावजूद)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, Yet

-

Many people opposed the plan, we will follow it notwithstanding.

Conjunction

In spite the fact that.

(हालांकि)

Although

-

Mary was unknown to her neighbours, notwithstanding she has lived in the building for two years.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?