The Hindu Vocabulary 16 April 2022

2022-04-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Growth pangs: On World Bank forecast for India.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pang

Noun


A sudden sharp pain or painful emotion.

(वेदना)

Agony, Anguish, Misery, Discomfort, Spasm

Comfort, Benefit, Happiness, Advantage, Cheer

Lucy had a sharp pang of guilt for beating her child.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

The weather forecast for today says that it will be a partly cloudy day.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

He forecasted that someone new will enter my life soon.

Headline

Noun

Denoting or relating to a figure for unemployment based on the unadjusted total number of people out of work, as a percentage of the population.

(Economics)

-

-

The headline unemployment rate in India has increased over the years.

A heading at the top of an article or page in a newspaper or magazine.

(शीर्षक)

Caption, Head, Header, Rubric, Title

-

Early morning while reading the newspaper I go through the main headlines only.

Ragged

Adjective

(of cloth or clothes) old and torn.

(चिथड़े कर दिया)

 

Having an irregular or uneven surface, edge, or outline.

(खुरखुरा)


Suffering from exhaustion or stress.

(थकावट या तनाव से पीड़ित)

 

Broken, Craggy, Jagged, Scraggly

Clean, Even, Smooth, Soft, Unbroken

You should get rid of your ragged clothes.

The ragged surface made it impossible for us to walk fast.

Himani looked ragged after the farewell party.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(कमज़ोर)

Endanger, Risk, Jeopardize, Imperil, Unsafe, Unguarded

Safe, Protected, Guarded, Shielded, Resting, Resilient

Destruction of habitats has made many species vulnerable.

Pared

Verb

To reduce

(छीलना)

Cut back, Decrease, Lower, Slash

Expand, Raise, Grow, Increase

Neetu was advised to pare down her daily expenses.

Fragile

Adjective

Easily broken or damaged.

(नाज़ुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Brittle, Weak, Frail

Firm, Strong, Tough, Stiff

The fragile statue was placed in the museum very carefully.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Shyam conflicted with Ram on building a new house.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict between Kunal and Tanish got ugly when they started throwing things at each other.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्प्रेरक)

Bring about, Cause, Provoke, Produce, Prompt

Destroy, Prevent, Stop, End

His reckless behaviour triggered a long-lasting conflict between them.

Ripple

Noun

Wave

(लहर)

Billow, Crest, Fold, Furrow, Line

-

The ripple effect of the declining growth can be seen in various sectors.

Verb

Coil, Curl, Flow, Fluctuate, Flutter, Motion

Be still, Remain, Stay, Leave alone

The pond water ripples on throwing a stone in it.

Prevail

Verb

Be widespread or current in a particular area or at a particular time.

(प्रचलित होना)

Command, Conquer, Domineer, Reign, Succeed, Triumph

Fail, Forfeit, Lose, Surrender, Follow, Yield

Chanakya’s theory prevails in modern India also.

Exacerbate

Verb

Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

(बिगाड़ देना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Compound, Intensify, Increase, Magnify

Calm, Reduce, Settle, Lower, Lessen, Set, Pacify

The increasing oil prices have exacerbated the rising inflation in India.

Reckon

Verb

Consider or regard in a specified way.

(अनुमान करना)

Consider, Judge, View, Deem, Rate, Gauge, Estimate, Repute

Ignore, Disregard, Avoid, Avoidance, Evade, Shun

Indian Economy has been reckoned as the fastest growing economy.

Assessment

Noun

The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something.

(मूल्यांकन)

Evaluation, Judgement, Gauging, Rating, Estimation, Appraisal

-

The assessment of the survey shows that the total fertility rate in India is 2.2 births per women.

Refrain

Verb

Stop oneself from doing something.

(बचना)

Abstain, Desist, Holdback, Forbear, Forgo

Receive, Accept, Welcome, Take, Get

He refrained from making any changes to the official documents.

Adjustment

Noun

A small alteration or movement made to achieve a desired fit, appearance, or result.

(समायोजन)

Financial retribution

(दावों का भुगतान)

Adaptation, Accommodation, Acclimatization, Reconciliation, Compensation, Compromise, Agreement, Pay

Whole

I asked her if some adjustments could be made to school fees.

Tepid

Adjective

(especially of a liquid) only slightly warm

(गुनगुना)

Lukewarm, Warmish, Chambre

Cold, Hot

I soaked my feet in the tepid water to feel relaxed.

Showing little enthusiasm

(थोड़ा उत्साह दिखाना)

Unenthusiastic, Apathetic, Indifferent, Cool, Uninterested, Unconcerned

 

Keen, Enthusiastic

The children were tepid in the amusement park. 

Hemmed

Verb

Surround and restrict the space or movement of someone or something.

(घेरे)

Enclose, Restrict, Bound, Encircle, Fence, Curb

Let go, Release

The growth in the manufacturing sector was hemmed by low demand and high input costs.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The retail inflation has increased beyond the projected figures.

Mandarin

Noun

A powerful official or senior bureaucrat, especially one perceived as reactionary and secretive.

(नौकरशाह)

 

Bureaucrat, Civil Servant, Functionary, Public Servant

-

The mandarins need to devise a balanced monetary policy.

Slowdown

Noun

An act of slowing down.

(गति कम करना)

Deceleration, Decline, Delay, Downtrend, Drop, Fall off

Increase, Rise

An economic slowdown can be seen worldwide.

Prognostication

Noun

A prophecy

(भविष्यवाणी)

Prediction, Forecast, Prophecy, Divination, Prognosis

Ignorance, Negligence, Unimportant, Distraction

His prognostication about the football match became true.

Sanguine

Adjective

Optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

(आशावादी)

Optimistic, Bullish, Hopeful, Buoyant, Positive

Negative, Pessimistic, Dull, Gloomy

We need to be sanguine during the COVID pandemic wave.

Threshold

Noun

a point of entry or beginning.

(प्रवेश या शुरुआत का एक बिंदु)

Start, Beginning, Verge, Brink

Last, End, Ending, Conclusion

The inflation may cross the threshold limit of 6% this year.

Aggressively

Adverb


In a manner resulting from or betraying aggression.

(उग्रता के साथ)

Assertively, Decidedly, Determinedly, Firmly, Grimly, Gruffly, Resolutely, Strongly, Toughly

Clemently, Gently, Leniently, Lightly, Mildly, Softly

You need to work aggressively on this project so as to complete it on time.

Lest

Conjunction

for fear that —often used after an expression denoting fear or apprehension

(ऐसा न हो कि)

 

In case, So that, To prevent, In order to avoid

-

He was hesitant to speak out to his mother lest he is beaten.

Derail

Verb

To run off the rails.

(पटरी से उतरना)

 

To obstruct the progress.

(प्रगति में बाधा डालना)

Crash, Hinder, Thwart, Wreck

Aid, Assist, Encourage, Forward

The train got derailed due to malfunctioning.

The progress in the development of this airport has derailed since last year.

Pursuit

Noun

The action of pursuing someone or something.

(लक्ष्य)

Chasing, Pursuing, Stalking, Tracking, Trailing

Ignoring, Avoiding, Letting go, Denying

The pursuit of achieving success has made him vulnerable.

Shun

Verb

Persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.

(त्यागना)

Avoid, Dodge, Duck, Elude, Escape, Eschew, Evade, Finesse, Get Around

Admire, Like, Approve, Cherish, Sanction

Ashoka shunned the non-violence at once after the Kalinga war.

Dent

Noun

A slight hollow in a hard, even surface made by a blow or by the exertion of pressure.

(गड्ढा)

A weakening or lessening effect

(कमजोर करने वाला प्रभाव)

Depression, Incision, Indentation, Cavity, Crater, Concavity

 

Increase, Bulge, Jut, Convexity

 

 

The dent in my car cannot be fixed.

The cost-cutting in the budget has made a dent in the growth.

Verb

To make a dent in

(धंसाना)

to have a weakening effect on

(कमजोर करने के लिए प्रभाव डालना)

Depress, Dig, Furrow, Hollow, Imprint, Mark

Abate, De-Escalate, Decrease, Deplete, Diminish

 

Fill, Flush, Bulge

Aggrandize, Amplify, Augment, Boost, Enlarge, Escalate

The confidence of the team was dented in the first half of the match as it was losing.

Resilient

Adjective

Able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions.

(लचीला)

Strong, Tough, Hardy, Buoyant, Adaptable, Flexible

Delicate, Weak, Hard, Rigid, Inflexible

It is advised to build climate-resilient buildings.

Stance

Noun

A mental position towards something or someone.

The position of the body while standing.

(उदेश्य/ आसन)

Attitude, Posture, Viewpoint, Poise

-

His stance regarding our relationship is not clear.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?