The winning formula: On the polarisation politics of BJP - The Hindu Vocabulary 12 March 2022

2022-03-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The winning formula: On the polarisation politics of BJP.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Polarisation

Noun

Division into two sharply distinct opposites

(दो तीव्र भिन्न विपरीतताओं में विभाजन)

 

Emission, Broadcast, Diffusion, Propagation

-

Most of the political parties adopt the polarisation policy to win the elections.

Mobilise

Verb

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना)

Assemble, Activate, Prepare, Organize

Disorganise, Discourage, Disperse, Divide

The voters were mobilised against the opposition party.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

Radhe retained his first position in the long jump.

Fatigue

Noun

Extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.

(थकान)

 

Lethargy, Weakness, Weariness, Dullness

Ability, Energy, Liveliness, Energy

He screamed at his child due to fatigue.

Verb

Cause (someone) to feel tired or exhausted.

(थकना)

Disable, Exhaust, Weaken, Debilitate

Activate, Add, Assist, Energize, Grow

I am fatigued by the repetitive tasks.

Disenchantment

Noun

a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.

(निराशा)

Disappointment, Disillusionment, Dissatisfaction, Discontent

Content, Satisfied, Pleased, Suffice

The disenchantment about the ruling party proved to be a myth.

Accumulated

Verb

Gather or amass something

(संचित)

Accrue, Acquire, Add to, Collect, Assemble

Contract, Decrease, Diminish, Disperse, Divide

Shyam wanted to accumulate all of the wealth of his father.

Debacle

Noun

A sudden and ignominious failure

(पराजय)

Failure, Catashtrophe, Disaster, Defeat, Downfall, Collapse

Attainment, Accomplishment, Rise, Success, Blessing

The debacle of the opposition party in UP elections has hurt the sentiments of a lot people.

Resounding

Adjective

Unmistakable; emphatic.

(ज़बरदस्त)

Enormous, Huge, Massive, Tremendous, Terrific

Tiny, Miniscule, Small, Little, Miniature

The win of BJP in UP elections is a resounding success for the party.

Unassailable

Adjective

Unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated.

(अभेद्य)

Impregnable, Impenetrable, Invincible, Irrefutable, Absolute, Certain

Doubtful, Dubious, Imperfect, Disputable, Indefinite

The investigating officer got an unassailable lead to the case.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques. (वक्रपटुता)

Elocution, Hyperbole, Oratory, Address

Quiet, Conciseness

Your promises are nothing but empty rhetoric.

Potency

Noun

The ability

(शक्ति)

Flexibility, Adaptability, Versatility, Power

Weakness, Frailty, Fragility, Fault, Flaw

He questioned my potency to be the head of the department.

Drubbing

Noun

Defeat

(हार)

Beating, Rout, Thrashing, Whipping

-

The drubbing of Lodhis led to the rise of Mughals in India.

Formidable

Adjective

Inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.

(विकट)

Intimidating, Forbidding, Redoubtable, Daunting

Comforting, Easy, Weak, Simple

A formidable opponent is necessary to bring out the best in one.

Reinforce

Verb

Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

(सुदृढ़)

Bolster, Boost, Build up, Emphasize

Decrease, Discourage, Let down, Prevent

He reinforced him to participate in the national level football competition.

Menace

Noun

Danger

(खतरा)

Hazard, Peril, Risk, Threat

Certainty, Delight, Safety, Comfort

His aggressive behaviour is a menace to his family members.

Verb

Frighten

(डराना)

Endanger, Imperil, Intimidate, Jeopardize, Terrorize

Assist, Save, Guard, Calm, Help, Protect

He menaced her by saying that he will commit suicide.

Anguish

Noun

Severe upset or pain

(पीड़ा)

Agony, Pain, Torment, Suffering, Distress

Delight, Happiness, Health, Joy, Comfort

She was in anguish as she lost the child before birth.

Verb

Be extremely distressed about something.

(किसी बात को लेकर अत्यधिक व्यथित होना)

 

Afflict, Agonize, Beset, Plague

Happy, Enjoy, Pleased

He was anguished over how he will submit his final report.

Agitation

Noun

A state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

(व्याकुलता)

Anxiety, Disquiet, Perturbation, Turbulence, Shaking

Peaceful, Silent, Quiet, Resting, Sedentary

The agitation of the crowd led to the barricading of the area.

Decimation

Noun

The killing or destruction of a large proportion of a group or species.

(नाश)

Destruction, Eradication, Extermination, Slaughter

Building, Construction

The decimation of tigers prompted the government to launch conservation projects.

Decisive

Adjective

Producing a definite result.

(निर्णयक)

Conclusive, Critical, Crucial, Determined, Fateful

Inconclusive, Indefinite Insignificant, Irresolute

His decision to let go the water proved decisive for the people living near the dam.

Spearheaded

Noun

A leading influence in development.

Any person that leads an attack.

(पहल करनेवाला)

Leader, Boss

-

Raju is the spearhead of his village.

Verb

To act as a spearhead.

(एक अग्रणी के रूप में कार्य करना)

Captain, Head, Lead

-

He spearheaded the project and made it successful.

Enact

Verb

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(अभिनय करना/ क़ानून का रूप बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Accomplish, Appoint

Fail, miss, Abandon, Deny

The law was enacted for the benefit of farmers.  

Skulduggery

Noun

Underhanded or unscrupulous behaviour

(पेचीदा व्यवहार)

 

Trickery, Swindling, Fraudulence, Chicanery

-

He was accused of skulduggery by his own party members.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

The coalition government won the general elections.

Bereft

Adjective

Deprived of or lacking (something)

(कमी)

Wanting, Short, Lack, Dearth, Meagre

Abundance, Populous, Great, Extra

The vulnerable sections of society are bereft of the basic amenities.

Traction

Noun

The extent to which an idea, product, etc. gains popularity or acceptance.

(संकर्षण)

Popularity, Approval, Vogue, Favour, Admiration, Acclaim

Defame, Libel, Slander, Smear, Vilify

The promotion of solar power plants will help in gaining traction in the investment.

Straddle

Verb

To sit or stand with one leg on either side of.

(पैर फैलाकर बैठना)

 

Bestride, Sit astride, Mount, Ride

-

Garima straddled on the horse and went far away.

Noun

A simultaneous purchase of options to buy and to sell a security or commodity at a fixed price, allowing the purchaser to make a profit whether the price of the security or commodity goes up or down.

A noncommittal position.

(शेयरों का क्रय-विक्रय विकल्प)

-

-

He has earned a lot ofmoney in share market through Straddle strategy.

Squander

Verb

Waste (something, especially money or time) in a reckless and foolish manner. (गंवाना)

Blow, Expend, Lavish, Misuse, Waste

Hoard, Save, Accumulate, Gather

He squandered all his wealth in gambling.

Bog down

Verb

To cause something to sink in wet ground.

Become Stuck

(फंस गया0

Impede, Stall, Halt

Advance, Forward, Help

He was so bogged down in the situation that a little aid could have saved him.

Tussle

Noun

A vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.

(झगड़ा)

Fight, Scuffle, Struggle, Skirmish, Brawl

Silence, Peace, Serenity, Settlement

There was a tussle between the two brothers to become  the next CEO of the company replacing their father.

Viable

Adjective

Capable of working successfully; feasible.

(व्यवहार्य)

Workable, Feasible, Practicable, Practical, Usable

Impracticable, Unworkable, Unfeasible, Inoperable

The project you gave to the students, is not viable to make.

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