The Hindu Vocabulary 13 March 2022

2022-03-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Mood for change: On AAP’s Punjab win.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Victorious

Adjective

Related to victory.

Having achieved a victory.

(विजयी)

Triumphant, Conquering, Arrived, Champion

Failing, Losing, Unsuccessful

Indian cricket team has been victorious in all test series since 2020.

Reliance

Noun

Dependence on someone or something.

The act of relying on something.

(भरोसा)

Anchor, Pillar, Dependance, Assurance, Belief, Credence

Disbelief, Doubt, Misgiving, Distrust

The country’s increasing reliance on any one country is not good, instead, we should have many reliable partners.

Governance

Noun

The act of governing a country or organization.

A method of government.

(शासन)

Administration, Control, Law, Politics

Impotence, Opposition, Surrender, Incapacity

The governance at the central and state level are quite different.

Opponents

Adjective

Being opposite in position.

Antagonitsoc

(विरोधी)

-

-

They were the biggest opponents of each other before joining hands.

Noun

One that takes an opposite position.

(प्रतिद्वंद्वी)

Adversary, Antagonist, Foe, Challenger, Enemy. Player

Ally, Friend, Helper, Assistant

There were opponents of the war in their own country as well.

Electoral

Adjective

Relating to electors.

Relating to elections.

(निर्वाचन)

Elective, Constituent, Appointing, Appointive

-

There might be some electoral reforms in the coming years.

Threshold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

The threshold of my patience has come

Competitiveness

Noun

Possession of a strong desire to be more successful than others.

The quality of being better than others.

(प्रतिस्पर्धा)

Competition, Determination, Diligence, Drive, Energy, Hustle, Aggression, Assertiveness

Surrender, Indifference, Inertia, Lethargy

The competitiveness possessed by my students helped them succeed in the exams.

Yearning

Noun

Deep longing especially when accompanied by tenderness.

A strong desire for something.

(तड़प/ इच्छा)

Craving, Aspiration, Eagerness, Hankering, Appetite, Fascination, Longing, Urge

Apathy, Disinterest, Dislike, Distaste

I had a sudden yearning for something spicy.

Emerge

Verb

Come out

To come into existence.

To rise or come forth from water or other liquid.

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive, Arise, Surface, Rise, Dawn

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall, Hide, Leave, Lessen, fall

The ghosts emerged from the grave in the movie.

Spectacular

Noun

Something impressive or a large-scale display.

(कुछ ऐसा जो शानदार है)

Extravaganza, Spectacle, Exhibition, Show

-

Bollywood has yet again delivered a spectacular.

Adjective

Marked by an impressively large scale display of something.

(दर्शनीय/ शानदार)

Amazing, Astonishing, Astounding, Breathtaking

Bad, Common, Expected, Homely, Inferior, Insignificant

We went to Jaipur and experienced spectacular scenic beauty.

Triumph

Noun

A significant success.

A victory as if by military force.

(एक महत्वपूर्ण सफलता।)

Celebration, Joy, Pride, Elation

Sadness, Sorrow, Unhappiness, Failure

The triumph of Narendra Modi in the UP elections is spectacular.

Verb

To obtain victory.

To conquer.

(अभिभूत करना/ विजय)

Celebrate, Crow, Delight, Exult, Conquer, Dominate, Flourish, Overcome

Fail, Forfeit, Languish, Lose

He finally triumphed over fear of public speaking.

Tempered

Verb

Reduce or balance the force on something.

Having a specified temper.

(किसी चीज पर बल कम या संतुलित करना)

Allay, Assuage, Mitigate, Palliate, Lessen, Weaken, Lighten

Increase, Enhance, Raise, Heighten

Kamlesh is a short-tempered person.

Credible

Adjective

Capable of being believed.

Of sufficient capability to be military effective.

Able to be trusted.

(विश्वसनीय)

Believable, Likely, Plausible, Presumptive, Conceivable, Dependable, Honest, Reasonable

Unbelievable, Unlikely, Incredible, Unplausible, Deceptive, Dishonest, Irresponsible, Unacceptable

His information is credible as per his track record.

Sweep

Noun

The act of clearing by using a broom.

The steady driving motion.

An overwhelming victory in a contest.

(घुमाव/ साफ़ सफ़ाई)

Span, Stretch, Ambit, Swing, Amplitude, Range, Reach, Scope

-

The sweep of the wind was scary.

Verb

To move with a brush or broom.

To destroy completely.

To pass with a swift continuous movement.

(झाड़ू लगाना/ तेज़ी से निकल जाना)

Clean, Clear, Broom, Pass, Sail, Tear, Brush, Breeze

Flounder, Struggle

The storm swept the dust into our house.

Mobilise

Verb

To put into movement.

To assemble and make ready for war.

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना/ संगठित करना)

Marshal, Rally, Assemble, Prepare, Activate, Organise

Disorganize, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

We mobilised all our energy to win the election.

Alliance

Noun

The act of allying to someone.

A formal agreement between two or more nations for a specific purpose.

(गठबंधन/ संधि)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Betrothal, Coalition

Antagonism, Divorce, Detachment, Disconnection

In spite of forming an alliance with RLD, SP could not win the majority.

Conceive

Verb

To form an opinion.

To devise a plan in the mind.

To become pregnant.

(गर्भवती होना/ कल्पना करना)

Accept, Assume, Believe, Perceive, Design, Develop, Devise, Ideate, Picture, See, Vision

Neglect, Avoid, Disbelieve, Disregard, End, Result, Destroy, Dismiss

She was not ready to conceive yet.

Agitation

Noun

A state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

(व्याकुलता)

Disturbance, Turbulence, Upheaval, Turmoil

Calm, Order, Tranquility, Harmony, Peace

Watching comedy shows helps me avoid agitation.

Bicker

Verb

To argue or quarrel about unimportant things.

(झगड़ना)

Altercate, Disagree, Argue, Jar, Spar, Scrap, Tiff, Wrangle

Agree, Discuss, Concede, Concur

She has a habit of bickering with her husband.

Noun

A petty quarrel.

(एक छोटा सा झगड़ा)

Altercation, Argument, Brawl, Row, Scrap, Imbroglio, Quarrel, Wrangle

Peace, Harmony

After a prolonged bicker, they finally agreed to a common activity.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The regime convinced the Prime Minister to end the war finally.

Grievance

Noun

A wrong that can cause distress and is considered as a ground of complaint.

(शिकायत)

Down, Grudge, Resentment, Score

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

The grievance department is quite busy these days.

Disenchant

Verb

To free from illusion.

To free from enchantment.

(जादू टोने के प्रभाव से छुड़ाना)

Debunk, Disillusion, Enlighten, Deceive, Insult, Dissatisfy, Irritate, Dismay

Please, Delight, Appeal, Cheer, Benefit

If you think you can earn money by sitting at home, then let me first disenchant you.

Ideological

Adjective

Relating to ideology.

(विचारधारा)

Doctrinaire, Ideation, Quixotic, Visionary, Abstract, Cerebral, Imaginative, Analytical

Latitudinarian, Practical, Unsentimental, Broadminded

There are ideological differences between the two national parties.

Perspective

Noun

A particular attitude toward or way of regarding something

(परिप्रेक्ष्य/ दृष्टिकोण)

Angle, Aspect, Attitude, Context, Viewpoint

-

The articles published in the newspaper should be written from a neutral perspective.

Populist

Noun

A member of a political party who claims to represent the common people.

(लोकलुभावन)

Autonomous, Constitutional, Egalitarian, Free

-

He lies in the centre of the populist right and the progressive left.

Adjective

Relating to a political approach that appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups. (एक राजनीतिक दृष्टिकोण से संबंधित है जो ऐसे सामान्य लोगों को आकर्षित करता है जो महसूस करते हैं कि उनकी चिंताओं को स्थापित कुलीन समूहों द्वारा अवहेलना की जाती है।)

-

-

He is promoting a populist approach towards culture.

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