The Hindu Vocabulary 14 March 2022

2022-03-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Skies wide open: On resumption of international flights.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Resumption

Noun

An act of resuming.

(पुनरारंभ)

Continuation, Reopening, Restoration, Resurgence

Discontinuation, Stop

I am planning on resumption of my online gaming platform.

Hospitality

Verb

The friendly reception of guests or strangers.

The business of providing services to guests in hotels, restaurants, bars, etc.

(सत्कार/ अतिथि सत्कार)

Accommodation, Companionship, Friendliness, Generosity

Aloofness, Hostility, Coolness, Unhappiness

I have my expertise in business in the hospitality sector.

Relief

Noun

Alleviation through the removal of pain.

Legal remedy or redress.

(छुटकारा/ आराम/ चैन)

Alleviation, Assistance, Comfort, Happiness, Maintenance, Respite

Hindrance, Annoyance, Injury, Stop

The medicine provided me with such relief.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Pandemic has hit everyone economically.

Curb

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confine.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

I sat on the curb with my wife and enjoyed ice cream.

 

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The school is planning to curb the limit of students in a class.

Association

Noun

The act of associating.

An organisation of persons having a common interest.

Connection or combination.

(संगठन)

Club, Company, Cooperative, Cooperation, Partnership, Union, Bond

Disunion, Separation, Aloneness, Aloofness, Disagreement, Ignorance, Antagonism, Disassociation

He was elected as the president of the sports association.

Mobility

Noun

The quality of being mobile.

Movement between classes and occupations.

(गतिशीलता/ परिवर्तनीयता)

Flexibility, Movability, Maneuverability, Motility

-

Rahul has zero mobility due to an injured knee.

Aviation

Noun

The operation of aircraft.

Production of aircraft.

(विमानन)

Aeronautics, Aerodynamics, Flight, Navigation

-

The Indian aviation industry is booming for the last few years but this pandemic has impacted this industry a lot.

Plummet

Verb

To fall or drop sharply and abruptly.

(आकस्मिक रूप से घटना)

Collapse, Crash, Decline, Dip

Ascend, Increase, Raise, Grow

The crude oil price will plummet when the news of the ending of war will come.

Noun

An abrupt drop.

Something that weighs down or depresses.

(बोझ/ एक अचानक गिरावट)

-

 

-

There is a sharp plummet in onion prices.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

The number of sanctions on Russia is more than ever.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

All state budgets will be sanctioned in two parts.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

Any further advancement towards invasion will lead to a variety of sanctions.

Disrupt

Verb

To cause the disorder.

To interrupt by causing a disturbance.

(बाधित/ भंग करना)

Break, Bust, Disintegrate, Fracture, Disturb, Rattle, Breach, Obstruct

Appease, Soothe, Calm, Close

The pandemic has disrupted the education of children.

Soar

Verb

To fly at a great height.

To rise or increase in value or price.

(बढ़ गई)

Ascend, Escalate, Mount, Rise

Decline, Decrease, Drop, Lessen

It took him less than a minute to soar over the entire village.

Noun

The height attained in soaring.

The act of soaring.

(उड़ने की क्रिया/ उड़ने में प्राप्त ऊंचाई)

Ascension, Ascent, Climb, Rise

Descent, Dip, Dive, Drop

Soar by our instructor created a world record.

Viability

Noun

The ability to live or grow under specific conditions.

The ability to sustain.

(जीवन क्षमता)

Activity, Growth, Soul, Body, Existence, Living, Man, Survival

Apathy, Inactivity, Indifference, Dullness, Abstract, Concept

Your idea sounds good but we need to consider its viability in the current scenario.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both husband and wife have a conflicting story about their knowledge of the murder.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict is taking a new turn each day.

Trigger

Noun

A small device that releases a spring to fire a gun.

(एक छोटा उपकरण जो बंदूक चलाने के लिए स्प्रिंग छोड़ता है)

-

-

Rajesh pressed the trigger as I entered the room.

Verb

To initiate a process.

To fire a gun.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Cause, Generate, Produce, Prompt

Destroy, Prevent. End, Halt

The recent decisions of the government triggered a protest.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation is a challenge in every government.

Steer

Verb

To guide the course of something by a wheel.

To set and hold to a course.

(रास्ते पर लाना/ मार्गदर्शन करना)

Conduct, Direct, Guide, Lead, Route, Drive, Escort, Govern

Follow, Trail

She steered the car carefully into the mall.

Noun

A suggestion or hint about a course of action.

(इशारा/ संकेत)

-

-

He got a good steer about achieving success in his business.

Enforcement­­­­­­­­­­­

Noun

The act of compelling observance with a law.

(प्रवर्तन/ प्रभावशील करना)

Imposition, Application, Administration, Prosecution

Abandon, Forgetfulness, Neglect, Disregard

The whole responsibility of the department was the enforcement of environmental regulations.

Vaccination

Noun

The act of inoculation with vaccine.

(टीका)

DiffInnoculation, Shot, Immunization

-

India has triumphed over Polio through its vaccination programme.

Hobble

Verb

To walk lamely.

To move along unsteadily.

(लंगड़ाना)

Falter, Halt, Shuffle, Stagger, Hamper, Hinder

Continue, Move, Free, Go, Aid, Allow

He was hobbling due to an injury.

Noun

An uneven limp.

An awkward way of walking.

A rope used to hobble an animal.

(लड़खड़ाना)

--

-

He was holding a hobble for his pets in his hand.

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