The Hindu Vocabulary 13 January 2022

2022-01-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Straws in the wind: On defections from BJP ahead of U.P. polls.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Straws in the wind

Noun

A minor event or action that predicts or foreshadows a future event.

(एक छोटी सी घटना या क्रिया जो भविष्य की घटना की भविष्यवाणी करती है।)

-

-

She did not get a salary hike and, looking back, I think her argument with the boss was a straw in the wind.

Defections

Noun

Conscious abandonment of duty or allegiance to a person or party.

(दलबदल)

Desertion, Divorce, Failure, Rejection, Revolt

Faithfulness, Harmony, Loyalty, Plenty

His defection to the party was not welcomed by his supporters.

Spurt

Verb

To show increased activity for a short period.

(उछाल)

Commotion, Eruption, Outburst, Spate

Be quiet, Trickle

The runners spurted towards the finish line in the last lap.

Stereotypical

Adjective

Conforming to a fixed pattern that is construed as derogatory.

(घिसा-पिटा)

Archetypal, Characteristic, Ordinary, Prototypical

-

She is not happy with the stereotypical roles offered to her.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Rahul went to his friend despite knowing that he is Covid positive.

 

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The Minister was respectful of the party chief, although the part chief’s speech gave him a feeling of despite.

Scrutiny

Noun

A searching study, inquiry or inspection.

(छानबीन)

Analysis, Audit, Surveillance, Inquiry

-

The papers will be published in the journal after undergoing scrutiny.

Affiliations

Noun

Association with an organisation.

(संबंधन)

Connection, Partnership, Relationship, Alliance

Detachment, Disunion, Division, Dissolution

He used his political affiliation to renew license.

Disgruntled

Adjective

Unhappy

(असंतुष्ट)

Annoyed, Irritated, Testy, Disappointed, Grousing

Contented, Happy, Satisfied, Pleased

The disgruntled employees resigned at once.

Bandwagon

Noun

Used in reference to an activity, cause, etc. that is currently fashionable or popular and attracting increasing support (अंधानुकरण)

Fad, Form, Look, Model, Pattern

Disorganisation, Departure

The bandwagon to go vegan is being followed by everyone. 

Fray

Noun

Fight

(लड़ाई)

Fracas, Melee, Affray, Brawl

Peace, Accord, Agreement, Calm

The students were involved in fray over a game.

Verb

Shred

(उधेड़ना)

Erode, Frazzle, Unravel, Chafe

Please, Sew

Clothes purchased by you have frayed.

Whiff

Noun

Smell of an odour

(एहसास)

Aroma, Breath, Fume, Hint, Puff

Lot

I was impressed by whiff of his perfume.

Spirited

Adjective

Lively

(साहसी)

Vivacious, Animated, Bold, Bright, Courageous

Afraid, Apathetic, Cold, Cool

Shanoo was a cold spirited person.

Unmistakable

Adjective

Not capable of being mistaken.

(अचूक)

Apparent, Conspicuous, Distinct, Evident

Ambiguous, Disputable, Doubtful, Dubious

The looks on her face were unmistakable expressions of anger.

Erosion

Noun

The gradual downfall or decline of something.

The process by which the surface of the earth gets eroded.

(कटाव)

Attrition, Corrosion, Undermining, Waste

Building, Construction, Rebuilding, Strengthening

Centuries of erosion due to river flow have carved these valleys.

Diligently

Adjective

persistent efforts.

(लगन से)

Active, Bustling, Busy, Employed, Engaged, Hopping, Laborious, Sedulous

Idle, Unbusy, Unemployed, Unoccupied

Rajesh is a diligent worker.

Consolation

Noun

The act of alleviating the grief of someone.

(सांत्वना)

Comfort, Compassion, Encouragement, Pity

Disdain, Indifference, Mercilessness, Stop

Rajlakshmi found great consolation in the letters received.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance between two or more persons or groups.

(गठबंधन)

Affiliation, Alliance, Amalgam, Bloc, Conjunction, Faction, Fusion, Integration

Detachment, Disconnection, Disunion, Division

The Samajwadi Party is trying to form a coalition with the regional parties.

Dime a Dozen

Idiom

So abundant that it holds very little value.

(कौडियों के भाव)

-

-

In Mumbai, people trying to become actors are dime a dozen.

 

 

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