The Hindu Vocabulary 12 January 2022

2022-01-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Boosting protection: On COVID-19 vaccination programme.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Boost

Verb

To push from below.

To increase.

(बढ़ावा)

Addition, Advance, Promote, Push

Discourage, Dissuade, Undermine, Condemn

He came to my house and tried boosting my morale.

Comorbid

Adjective

Existing simultaneously with another medical condition.

(सहरुग्णता)

-

-

The comorbid conditions create problems if a person gets infected with Coronavirus.

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

The booster dose will help us fight the Omicron variant.

Frontline

Adjective

Involved in the forefront in any action.

(सीमावर्ती)

Arena, Battleground, Vanguard, Facade

Bottom, Foot, Rear, Lousy

The frontline workers are working day and night to serve the country.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

The CCTV clip is the evidence that I am going to present in court tomorrow.

Immunisation

Noun

The act of making someone or something protected or immune against someone or something.

 (प्रतिरक्षण)

Booster, Protection

-

India has run the world’s largest immunisation program.

Sterilise

Verb

To free from living microorganisms.

To destroy the ability to reproduce.

(कीटाणु को मार डालना)

Castrate, Decontaminate, Disinfect, Neuter

Adulterate, Aid, Assist, Continue

It is a routine procedure to sterilize a surgical instrument.

Neutralising

Verb

To make neutral.

To make ineffective.

(बेअसर करना)

Annul, Compensate, Cancel, Counterbalance, Negate, Overcome, Redress, Offset

Aid, Approve, Encourage, Establish

A new chemical in the market is useful to neutralise diesel emissions.

Antibody

Noun

A blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen.

(प्रतिरक्षी)

Antibiotic, Antiseptic, Antiserum, Bug

-

Many people who showed no symptoms are having antibodies.

Mitigate

Verb

To lessen in force or reduce in intensity.

(कम करना)

Allay, Ease, Mollify, Aggravate, Relieve

Exacerbate

The punishment was mitigated after the principal’s involvement.

Emerged

Verb

To become known.

To come into view.

(उभरा)

Appear, Arrive, Develop, Loom

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

The new island emerged after the earthquake and tsunami.

Breakthrough

Noun

A sudden advance in knowledge.

A person’s notable achievement or success.

(एक अचानक, नाटकीय और महत्वपूर्ण खोज या विकास।)

Boost, Development, Discovery, Finding

Decline, Decrease, Loss, Setback

The police department has achieved a breakthrough in the murder mystery.

Efficacious

Adjective

Capable of being effective.

(प्रभावोत्पादक)

Effective, Effectual, Productive, Active

Impotent, Incapable, Unproductive, Useless

The training sessions are efficacious for the team’s success.

Intranasal

Adjective

Occurring through the nose.

(आंतरिक रूप से)

-

-

India is researching the intranasal vaccine for Covid.

Drastically

Adverb

Extremely.

Have a far-reaching or strong effect.

(काफी)

Acutely, Awfully, Exceedingly, Badly, Desperately

 

Calmly, Little, Mildly, Trivially

The lockdowns have affected our lives drastically.

 

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