The Hindu Vocabulary 11 January 2022

2022-01-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Growth concerns: On economic forecasts amid Omicron surge.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The investigation started amid the elections.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

The forecast made by the weather department is wrong.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

They are forecasting a hailstorm for this weekend.

Impact

Verb

To have a significant or major effect.

(प्रभाव)

Move, Reach, Impress, Affect

Useless, Unimpressive

The impact of my father on society was very much.

Noun

To come in forceful contact with other objects.

(किसी अन्य वस्तु के बलपूर्वक संपर्क में आना।)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Blow

Calm

It is hard to survive such an impact.

Induce

Verb

 

To cause someone or something to do something.

(प्रभाव)

Cajole, Convince, Activate, Breed

Destroy, Discourage, Dissuade, Halt

The electric current was induced in the device through electromagnetic induction.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

There has been a surge of inevitable interests which is causing financial problems for the company.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Fall, Stagnant

The stock market surged to a new high.

Optimistic

Adjective

Showing hope for the future.

(आशावादी)

Assured, Bright, Cheerful, Encouraged

Dejected, Depressed, Doubtful, Gloomy

He is always optimistic about his children’s future.

Derail

Verb

To run off the rails.

To obstruct the progress.

(पटरी से उतरने)

Crash, Hinder, Thwart, Wreck

Aid, Assist, Encourage, Forward

The economic progress has derailed since last quarter.

Robust

Adjective

Strongly built.

(मज़बूत)

Booming, Hearty, Potent, Powerful

Ailing, Unfit, Fragile, Impotent

The new design of the smartphone is robust and stylish.

Heartening

Adjective

Causing happiness.

(खुशी का कारण।)

Reassuring, Cheering, Promising, Hopeful

Daunt, Discourage, Dishearten, Dispirit

The data of the reducing number of cases is a piece of heartening news.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The current year’s fiscal deficit is very high because of the ongoing situation.

Pre-eminence

Noun

The quality of being superior.

(श्रेष्ठता)

Choiceness, Excellence, Greatness, Superbness

Impotence, Incapability, Inferiority, Weakness

The new café is known for the preeminence of its North Indian cuisine.

Purse Strings

Noun

The right to manage the money.

(पैसे का प्रबंधन करने का अधिकार।)

Financial control, Money belt, Wallet

-

The CTO was in control of the organization’s purse strings.

Faltering

Verb

To hesitate in action.

To lose effect.

To speak brokenly.

(दुर्बलता/ लड़खड़ाना)

Ambiguity, Confusion, Difficulty, Hesitant

Certain, Clear, Definite, Sure

 

 

The business was faltering due to a lack of funds.

 

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