The Hindu Vocabulary 10 January 2022

2022-01-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A serious lapse: On PM security breach.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Lapse

Noun

A slight error typically due to a lack of attention.

(भूल)

Knock, Reversal, Setback, Blunder, Crime

Accuracy, Behaviour, Care

He blamed the calculation error on a minor typing lapse.

Verb

To go out of existence.

(समाप्त होना)

Finish, Cease, Quit, Stop

Continue, Alive, Persist

After a few summits, the conversation lapsed between the two neighbouring countries.

Breach

Noun

Violation of a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Crack, Rift, Rupture, Aperture

Noninfringement, Observance, Agreement

Your actions are nothing more than a breach of trust.

Verb

To break contrary to law or promise.

(उल्लंघन करना)

Break, Contravene, Fracture, Offend, Violate

Comply, Conform, Follow, Mind, Obey, Observe

You should not even think to breach the agreement with our organization.

Protocol

Noun

The customs and regulations related to diplomatic formality

(संलेख)

Agreement, Code, Obligation, Pact

Disagreement, Rudeness, Crudeness, Impoliteness

The safety protocol followed by my husband at the house is very strict.

Repurpose

Verb

 

To utilize for a new purpose.

To change the purpose.

(पुनर्उद्देश्य)

Reuse, Recycle, Remodel

Dispose, Waste

My wife is trying to repurpose our old bicycle.

Convoy

Noun

A group organized to move together for protection.

(काफिले)

Attendance, Companion, Protection

-

The Prime Minister’s convoy was on the flyover for the entire twenty minutes.

Verb

To accompany for protection.

(सुरक्षा के लिए साथ देना)

Protect, Accompany, Attend, Bear, Bring

-

The plane of the president was convoyed by fighter jets.

Stranded

Adjective

Left without the means to move from somewhere.

(फंसे)

Helpless, Forsaken, Deserted, Ashore, Wrecked

Found

I was stranded in the desert.

Forestall

Verb

To prevent in advance.

To prevent something by taking some measures.

(पहिले से ग्रहण करना)

Avert, Help, Obviate, Preclude, Anticipate, Deter, Hinder, Thwart, Preoccupy

Aid, Allow, Assist, Encourage, Forward

The negotiations between the minister and the farmers were not able to forestall the protests.

Plea

Noun

An appeal or entreaty.

An allegation made by a party in support of a cause.

(दलील)

Appeal, Conjuration, Cry, Entreaty, Petition, Overture

Demand, Answer, Decision

We are making a plea to all employees to avoid plastic waste and reuse it to promote 3Rs.

Functionary

Noun

 

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

The party functionaries are very active.

Tempered

Adjective

Having a specified temper.

(एक निर्दिष्ट स्वभाव होना)

Cut, Impaired, Blended, Balmy, Benign, Bland, Breezy, Barred, closed

Free, Unbounded

He is a short-tempered person.

Revered

Adjective

Held in high regard or with respect.

(श्रद्धेय)

Cherished, Esteemed, Admired, Favourite

Disliked, Hated, Despised

A senior leader is a revered person throughout the country.

Credible

Adjective

Capable of being believed or trusted.

(विश्वसनीय)

Honest, Rational, Satisfactory, Plausible

Deceptive, Dishonest, Implausible, Irresponsible

The source of the story was credible.

Diatribe

Noun

A bitter or abusive speech.

(अभियोगात्मक भाषण)

Denunciation, Invective, Screed, Abuse, Rant, Harangue, Philippic, Tirade

Compliment, Praise, Recommendation

 

 

The Chief Minister seems unaffected in spite of repeated diatribes by the opposition.

Shun

Verb

To avoid deliberately.

(दूर करना)

Avoid, Ignore, Neglect, Refuse

Accept, Cherish, Allow, Approve

Many actors shun parties and award functions.

Contingency

Noun

Something that is incidental to happen.

(आकस्मिकता)

Emergency, Eventually, Exigency, Probability

Improbability, Advantage, Plan, Certainty

The Army is prepared for every contingency.

Assassinate

Verb

To murder by the sudden attack, especially a prominent person.

(हत्या करना)

Kill, Slay, Murder, Execute, Slaughter

-

The convicts were making a plot to assassinate the minister.

Precede

Verb

To happen before something.

To do or say something before something.

(पूर्व में होना)

Anticipate, Foreshadow, Presage, Preexist

Follow, Postdate, Succeed, End, Finish

The CEO preceded the meeting with a welcome speech.

 

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