The Hindu Vocabulary 9 January 2022

2022-01-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘On the boil: On Kazakhstan unrest.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

On the boil

Idiom/Phrase

In a state of activity or a lively condition.

Someone performing very successfully.

(उबाल पर)

-

-

The players of England in the second half are on the boil.

Unrest

Noun

A disturbed or chaotic situation.

(अशांति)

Anarchy, Confusion, Discontent, Insurrection

Calm, Approval, Agreement, Harmony

The week-long unrest has now come to an end after President’s speech.

Snowball

Verb

To increase in size or degree at a rapid rate.

(आकार में तेजी से वृद्धि)

Escalate, heighten, Intensify, Multiply

Decrease, Lessen, Lower, Weaken

The matter has snowballed after the political involvement.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

The company retained its most valuable employees.

Cherry-pick

Verb

To select the best or most desirable.

(केवल सबसे अधिक लाभकारी चुनें और लें)

Choose, Elect, Handpick, Name

Decline, Refuse, Reject, Turn down

Ramnaresh cherry-picked his wedding dress.

Embody

Verb

To give a concrete form to something.

To personify.

(प्रतीक)

Demonstrate, Epitomize, Actualize, Complete, Exemplify, Exhibit, Express, Illustrate

Conceal, Cover, Hide, Exclude

The ideology of the ethnic group has been embodied in the form of an institute.

Erected

Adjective

Having been built or raised upward.

(निर्माण किया)

Boosted, Elevated, Hoisted, Implanted

Lowered, Horizontal, Leveled

We crossed the newly erected bridge and reached our destination quickly.

Quell

Verb

To suppress or put an end.

To quiet.

(शांत करना)

Annihilate, Conquer, Crush, Extinguish, Repress, Allay, Assuage, Ease

Aggravate, Agitate, Annoy, Provoke

The Rapid Action Force quelled the protestors quickly.

Foresee

Verb

To see something beforehand.

(अनुमान)

Expected, Likely, Predictable, Divine, Anticipate

Clueless

She could always foresee any growing danger.

Elite

Noun

A group of people in society who exercise most power or influence by virtue of some possession like education or wealth.

(समाज का उत्कृष्ट भाग)

Beat, Pick, Aristocracy, Royalty

Bad, Reject

The party was organized for the elite class of the city.

Adjective

Representing the most selectable among choices available.

(उपलब्ध विकल्पों में से सबसे अधिक चयन योग्य का प्रतिनिधित्व करना।)

Exclusive, Choice

Bad, Inferior, Poor, Lower

The cars offered by the new company come in the elite category only.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He gave money to his friend despite knowing that he would not return.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

He decided to stay quiet when the entire room was giving him a feeling of despite.

Mob

Adjective

Relating to a lawless or disorderly crowd.

(एक अराजक या उच्छृंखल भीड़ से संबंधित।)

-

-

This seems to be a mob rule.

Noun

A disorderly crowd.

(भीड़)

Clan, Crowd, Flock, Horde

Ignore, Avoid

The angry mob attacked the shopkeepers and closed their stores.

Verb

To crowd and attack.

(हमला करने के लिए भीड़)

Jostle, Swarm, Attack, Cram

Retreat, Shun

The supporters of the victim mobbed the courtroom.

Emboldened

Adjective

Give Courage or motivate to do something.

(प्रेरित करना)

Aided, Animated, Determined, Enterprising

Unadventurous, Unenterprising, Undetermined

His father emboldened him to start his own business.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

 

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

The conflict between Israel and Palestine can only be resolved after having both parties take a step backward.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

The entire team has come to a resolve that they will practice twice a day.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

The consensus of the board of directors was that they should meet once a week to discuss the progress.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation has affected the financial situation of laborers very badly.

 

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?