The Hindu Vocabulary 8 January 2022

2022-01-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Exception and exemption: On Australia denying entry to Novak Djokovic.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Exception

Noun

Something different from others or the general rule.

(अपवाद)

Challenge, Complaint, Omission, Anomaly, Oddity

Normality, Regularity, Standard, Commonality.

He made an exception for the Indian Captain in terms of arrangements.

Exemption

Noun

The act of giving someone some relaxation from some liability.

(छूट)

Discharge, Dispensation, Exception, Immunity

Accountability, Answerability, Liability, Responsibility

He was given some tax exemption because of his investment in the NGOs.

Deny

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He has denied his involvement in the scam.

Clarify

Verb

To free from confusion or explain.

To make something pure.

(स्पष्ट करना)

Clear, Fine, Analyze, Define, Clean, Cleanse, Rarefy, Refine

Dirty, Muddle, Pollute, Confuse

The minister clarified his position on the Farm Bills.

Sordid

Adjective

Morally of low standards.

(घिनौना)

Befouled, Begrimed, Bemired, Filthy

Clean, Immaculate, Spotless, Ultraclean

He was never respected because of sordid methods of earning money.

Sceptic

Noun

A person who questions or doubts the validity of something.

(संदेहवादी)

Critic, Cynic, Rebel, Ruiner

Believer, Supporter

A section of politicians was sceptic about the efficacy of the measures taken by the health department.

Circumvent

Verb

To avoid a situation by artfulness or deception.

(धोखा देना)

Beat, Bypass, Dodge, Avoid, Deceive, Evade, Prevent, Thwart

Aid, Assist, Encourage, Face

Online delivery of gift cards circumvents the shipping and logistics.

Turnaround

Noun

The total time consumed on the roundtrip.

Change of policy.

(एक अचानक या अप्रत्याशित परिवर्तन, विशेष रूप से एक जिसके परिणामस्वरूप अधिक अनुकूल स्थिति होती है।)

U-turn, Turnabout, Switch, Annulment, Inversion, Doubleback, Cancellation, Reversal

Approval, Enactment, Validation

The turnaround for the entire process is expected to be 72 hours.

Shear

(Past participle is Shorn)

Verb

To cut with something sharp.

To deprive of something.

(छीना)

Bob, Crop, Dock, Nip, Mow, Prune, Shave, Snip

 

The sheep were sheared by the farmers.

Cusp

Noun

A pointed end.

A point of transition.

(उभार)

Angle, Apex, End, Corner, Threshold, Verge

-

KL Rahul is on the cusp of stardom.

Ignominy

Noun

Dishonourable conduct.

(बदनामी)

Discredit, Infamy, Obloquy, Reproach

Esteem, Honour

She was fired from her job with ignominy.

Momentous

Adjective

Of very high importance.

Having a great impact.

(सब से महत्वपूर्ण)

Big, Consequential, Crucial, Eventful

Inconsequential, Ordinary, Trivial, Little, Slight

The parliament took a momentous decision today.

Bona fide

Noun

Made in good faith.

Done with good intentions.

(प्रामाणिक)

Genuine, Legitimate, Original, Pure

Illegitimate, Bogus, Fake, Sham

I am accepting your proposal as I feel that was a bona fide attempt.

Saga

Noun

A story or narrative about a place, group or event.

(कथा)

Adventure, Chronicle, Epic, Narrative

-

His first book was a saga of a family-based in Ooty.

Unmindful

Adjective

Not mindful or not attentive.

(बेपरवाह)

Clueless, Ignorant, Nescient, Forgetful

Attentive, Conscious, Mindful, Witting

He was unmindful of the consequences of his stupid decisions.

Endure

Verb

To remain firm under suffering.

To remain in the same state.

(सहना)

Brave, Experience, Feel, Face

Disallow, Halt, Refuse, Disapprove

He wants to get his legacy endured for centuries.

Muster

Noun

An act of assembling.

(संग्रह)

Aggregation, Assemblage, Collection, Company

Divide, Ignore

There was a muster of submissions for the sportsmen of the year award.

Verb

To bring together.

(एक साथ लाने के लिए।)

Assemble, Collect, Congregate, Convoke

Avoid, Cancel, Dismiss, Demobilize

He mustered all the citizens of the locality for the protest.

Slump

Noun

A period of decline or decrease.

(मंदी)

Collapse, Crash, Dip, Fall

Ascent, Rise, Boon, Increase

There has been a slump in the market capitalization of automobile companies.

Verb

To fall or decline suddenly

(गिर पड़ना)

Collapse, Deteriorate, Droop, Tumble

Ascend, Build, Increase, Rise

She slumped while dancing with her husband.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

Narendra Modi has got the public mandate.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The central government is planning to bring a law mandating the recycling of plastic.

 

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?