The Hindu Vocabulary 7 January 2022

2022-01-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Third time lucky?: On economy and the third COVID-19 wave.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bumpy

Adjective

Of uneven surface.

Marked by bumps or uneven surfaces.

(ऊबड़खाबड़)

Choppy, Jarring, Uneven, Jerky

Smooth, Calm, Level, Even

The rural roads in some parts are still bumpy.

Amid

Preposition

Sin the middle of.

(के बीच)

Among, Mid, Midst, Through, Amongst

Away, Beyond, Far, Outside

It was impossible to hear the Phone call amid all the sounds in the concert.

Delicate

Adjective

Responding to slightest of change or influence.

(नाजुक)

Airy, Exquisite, Beautiful, Cautious, Subtle

Indelicate, Stront, Uncarefull, Robust, Strong, Sturdy, Rigid

The spare part of the machine was so delicate that its transportation cost was double of regular.

Poised

Adjective

 

Characterized by easy composure and balance.

(एक रचित और आत्मविश्वासी तरीके से होना।)

Audacious, Certain, Bold, Composed, Aloof, Amiable, Gentle, Impassive

Agitated, Excessive, Excited, Angry

The entire crew was poised even after their loss of award.

Persistent

Adjective

Lasting tenaciously.

Constantly repeated.

(दृढ़)

Constant, Continual, Endless, Patient

Broken, Ceasing, Disloyal, Terminable

The persistent efforts made by Chestha made her successful in her business.

Merchandise

Noun

Goods for sale.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

The youtube channel has launched a lineup of merchandise.

Deficit

Noun

A loss in some operations.

Deficiency in amount.

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Scantiness, Shortcoming

Abundance, Satisfaction, Success, Sufficiency

There has been a financial deficit in the department.

Elevated

Adjective

Raised above the ground level.

(ऊपर उठाया हुआ)

Exalted, Inflated, Eloquent, Raised

Dwarfed, Little, Dropped, Immoral

The house has been elevated from the ground by 6 feet.

Albeit

Conjunction

Even though

(हालांकि)

Although, Even if, Notwithstanding, Even though

-

It was an enjoyable, albeit expensive trip.

Robust

Adjective

Strongly built.

(मज़बूत)

Booming, Hearty, Potent, Powerful

Ailing, Unfit, Fragile, Impotent

The photo frame at his house is robust.

Upend

Verb

To affect drastically.

To place back-end up.

To defeat.

(समाप्त कर देना)

Alter, Backtrack, tip, Transpose, Abolish, Conquer, Crush, Level

Establish, Fail, Yield, Institute

Rajesh upended his bicycle to fix the flat tire.

Headwinds

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

The headwinds faced by electric vehicle manufacturers are now at ease.

Disbursal

Noun

An act of paying out or releasing the amount for some purpose.

(संवितरण)

Contribute, Dispense, Distribute, Expend

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

The disbursal of funds will depend upon the proposal sent by your team.

Inoculation

Noun

The act or process of introducing an antigen into a living organism.

(टीका)

Injection, Shot, Prevention, Vaccination

-

India has achieved the largest number of inoculations.

Bullish

Adjective

The rise in prices.

Optimistic about something.

(तेजी)

Cogent, Commanding, Energetic, Strong

Apathetic, Idle, Impotent, Weak

Mr. Jhunjhunwala is bullish about the Indian Economy.

Extent

Noun

The degree or space to which something extends.

(क्षेत्र)

Amount, Degree, Duration, Measure

Extreme

The extent of our company should be limitless.

Debilitating

Adjective

Causing or tending to cause impairment of strength.

(दुर्बल)

Exhausting, Taxing, Draining, Sapping

Strengthening, Bolster

Rajesh has debilitating pain in his leg.

Tandem

Noun

A group of two or more acting in conjunction.

(मिलकर)

Club, Company, Gang, Lineup

Individual, Single, One, Alone

The salary reduction happens in tandem with the absence from work.

Topsy-Turvy

Adverb

In utter confusion.

With top where the bottom should be.

(नीचे ऊपर का)

Backwards, Upended, In disorder, inside-out

Harmonized, Ordered

The situation in middle-east has been topsy-turvy.

Adjective

Confused or disorderly.

(नीचे ऊपर)

Chaotic, Tangled, Cluttered, Littered, Disarranged

Bandbox, Crisp, Neat, Orderly

The economic conditions turned topsy-turvy due to uncertainty about the lockdown.

Noun

A state of inversion of the natural order

(उलझन)

Chaos

Peace

The stock market can be up or down, there can be profit one day and topsy-turviness the other day.

 

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