The Hindu Vocabulary 6 January 2022

2022-01-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Transition in peril: on military crackdown in Sudan.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Transition

Noun

A passage from one state to another

(परिवर्तनकाल)

Evolution, Conversion, Growth, Development

Decline, Idleness, Beginning, Conclusion

The transition of the administration of Bush to Obama was very smooth.

Peril

Noun

Something that may be harmful or cause injury or damage.

(जोखिम)

Hazard, Menace, Pitfall, Threat

Certainty, Protection, Security

When we went to hills, we faced the perils of landslides and falling rocks.

 

Verb

To risk or to expose to danger.

(जोखिम उठाना या खतरे में डालना।)

Adventure, Compromise, Menace, Risk

Certainty, Protection, Security

He periled all of us into the jungle in the name of adventure and fun.

Crackdown

Noun

 

Severe enforcement of laws as a disciplinary action to correct a problem.

(कार्रवाई)

Clampdown, Crush, Stop, Repression, Strike

Beginning, Start

The factories that are polluting Ganga are on the radar of a new crackdown.

Pave

Verb

To lay or cover with some material like concrete.

To prepare a smooth and easy way.

(प्रशस्त)

Brick, Cobblestone, Surface, Tar

Dig up, Strip

The contract for paving the road to your building has been given to me.

Battered

Adjective

Injured or damaged by repeated attacks or blows.

Worn down by excessive or rough use.

(चकनाचूर)

Decrepit, Ramshackle, Seedy, Bedraggled

Good, Healthy, Sound, Intact

The victim’s body was battered brutally.

Instability

Noun

The state or quality of being unstable.

(अस्थिरता)

Insecurity, Shakiness, Precariousness, Unstableness

Fastness, Security, Stability, Balance

There was financial instability in my life till last year.

Chaos

Noun

A state of disorder and confusion.

(अव्यवस्था)

Disarrangement, Disorder, Hell, Jumble, Mess, Misorder, Muddle, Anarchy, Pandemonium

Arrangement, Calm, Harmony, Peace

There was chaos all around the city after the news broke out.

Ousted

Verb

To remove or expel from a position by legal action or by force.

(बेदख़ल)

Banish, Dismiss, Eject, Expel

Fired, Freed, Released, Sacked

The democratic leaders were ousted from the country after the military coup.

Coup

Noun

A brilliant and successful act.

A takeover of power.

(तख्तापलट)

Action, Overthrow, Revolution, Upset

Failure

Many thought that there might be a military coup in India after the 1971 war.

Reinstated

Adjective

To place or put back again to a previous state.

(फिर से बहाल)

Reelected, Reestablished, Restored, Returned

-

He was reinstated into the police department after his suspension.

Convince

Verb

To move by argument or proof to a certain belief.

(मनवाना)

Assure, Get, Persuade, Move, Satisfy

Discourage, Fail, Prevent, Stop

Kamlesh convinced Kamla that the story was true.

Technocratic

Adjective

Relating to the control of society or industry by an elite of technical experts.

(तकनीकी विशेषज्ञों के एक अभिजात वर्ग द्वारा सरकार या समाज या उद्योग के नियंत्रण से संबंधित या विशेषता।)

-

-

The technocratic planners often have a conflict with the community development groups.

Traitor

Noun

One who betrays another person’s trust.

One who commits treason with his country.

(गद्दार)

Conspirator, Deserter, Hypocrite, Informer, Backstabber, Quisling, Recreant, Turncoat

Loyal, Patriotic

The traitors of the country should be given extreme punishment.

Disband

Verb

To break up.

To dissolve

(को भंग कर दिया)

Disperse, Demobilize, Destroy, Scatter

Assemble, Unite, Join, Band

The members have decided to disband the organization.

Sans

Preposition

Without

(के बिना)

Bare, Lacking, Destitute, Vacant

Full, Fill, Complete

She took the decision sans her husband.

Consolidating

Verb

To bring together.

(मजबूत)

Centralize, Compact, Polarize, Unify

Decentralize, Deconcentrate

The two sources of income will be consolidated into one after this financial year.

Enfeeble

Verb

To weaken.

(कमज़ोर बनाना)

Disease, Broken, Damaged, Cripple

Aid, Assist, Enable, Strengthen

The fever has enfeebled him.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

 

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

He was able to resolve the conflict between these two friends.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

The organization has finally come to a resolve to eradicate silly mistakes to achieve its goals.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The inflation in the last quarter was the highest of the decade.

Legitimate

Adjective

According to law.

(वैध)

Appropriate, Certain, Consistent, Fair, Genuine, Justifiable, Normal, Proper

Abnormal, Affected, Counterfeit, Deceptive, Illegal, Lawless, Wrongful, Unlawful

I presented all the possible legitimate documents in favour of my case.

Soared

Verb

To fly at a great height.

To rise or increase in value or price.

(बढ़ गई)

Ascend, Escalate, Mount, Rise

Decline, Decrease, Drop, Lessen

The price of onions soared up to Rs. 100 per kg.

 

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