The Hindu Vocabulary 16 March 2022

2022-03-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The failed troika: On Congress’ CWC meeting.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Troika

Noun

A Russian vehicle drawn by three horses.

A group of three.

(तिकड़ी)

Triumvirate, Ternion, Threesome, Trey

-

The troika of one family is controlling the entire company.

Introspection

Noun

Examination of one’s own mental and emotional state.

The act of looking within oneself.

(आत्मनिरीक्षण)

Self-questioning, Self-scrutiny, Contemplation, Scrutiny

-

It is high time for introspection and identifying the grey areas.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

A probe was ordered into the town hall construction project corruption.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The constable probed the body from top to bottom in search of a drug packet.

Brainstorm

Noun

A sudden bright idea.

A discussion with the purpose of solving a problem.

(मंथन)

 

-

-

The latest brainstorm of Nisha was to convert her balcony into a garden.

Verb

To try to solve a problem or come up with new ideas by having a discussion

(किसी समस्या को हल करने का प्रयास करना या चर्चा करके नए विचारों के साथ आना)

Deliberate, Analyze, Conceive, Conceptualize

-

We were brainstorming in the conference hall to get the solution to the problem.

Plight

Noun

An unfavourable or unfortunate condition.

(दुर्दशा)

Condition, Predicament, Quandary, Trouble

Advantage, Solution, Boon, Blessing

I can understand your plight as I have gone through the same.

Attribute

Noun

A quality or characteristic of someone or something.

(गुण)

Aspect, Characteristic, Facet, Peculiarity

-

Resilience and determination are the attributes of a successful sportsperson.

Verb

To explain something by indicating a cause.

To consider as a quality of a person.

(आरोपित करना)

Apply, Associate, Blame, Connect

Disconnect

The company’s success is attributed to the decisions of the CEO.

Meltdown

Noun

A quickly developing breakdown.

A rapid decline.

(मंदी)

Disappointment, Discouragement, Downfall, Accident, Adversity, Calamity, Difficulty, Necessity

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit, Calmness, Ease, Peace, Advantage

My friend was facing a financial meltdown in his business.

Evolve

Verb

To develop gradually.

To produce by natural process.

(विकसित करना)

Develop, Elaborate, Unfold, Expand, Get, Grow, Mature, Increase

Leave, Lessen, Diminish, Stop

His personality has evolved over the years.

Willingness

Noun

Consent to do something.

Done by choice.

(इच्छा)

Eagerness, Alacrity, Compliance, Enthusiasm, Readiness

Apathy, Denial, Indifference, Disagreement

People in our village showed a willingness to work but they possessed no skills.

Sideline

Noun

An activity done in addition to one’s main job.

(अप्रधान व्यवसाय)

Distraction, Diversion, Hobby, Moonlighting

Profession, Vocation, Work

Shivani makes handicrafts as a sideline.

Verb

To put out of action.

(कार्रवाई से बाहर करना)

-

-

Injury to our main players sidelined our team.

Jesters

Noun

A person who is given to jokes.

(विदूषक/ दिल्लगीबाज़)

Clown, Jokester, Actor, Antic

Serious

The stage drama involved many jesters and turned out to be an epic comedy.

Rootless

Adjective

Having no roots. Having no place in society.

Having no settled home.

(बिना जड़/ बिना कारण)

Frail, Immature, Shaky, Unreliable, Precarious, Wavering, Indecisive

Brave, Certain, Definite

The young rootless people need some helping hand.

Dynastic

Adjective

Relating to a dynasty.

(राजवंशीय)

Nepotism

-

The dynastic politics will disappear with time.

Flourish

Noun

A period of thriving.

A bold gesture.

Showiness in doing something.

A decoration.

(विकास/ अलंकार)

Embellishment, Quirk, Ornamentation, Twist

-

Rashmi finished her dance with a flourish.

Verb

To achieve success.

To reach a height of development.

(महत्त्व दिखलाना/ सफल होना)

Prosper, Thrive, Burgeon

-

Our business will flourish after a year of hard work.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

The burden of leading the team was carried by him for the last ten years.

Verb

To load heavily.

(बोझ लादना)

Afflict, Bother, Depress, Encumber

Aid, Allow, Assist, Cheer

I won’t burden you with the heavy task for a few months.

Miraculous

Adjective

Of the nature of a miracle.

Able to work miracles.

(अद्भुत/ चमत्कारपूर्ण)

Amazing, Astonishing, Astounding, Awesome

Average, Believable, Boring, Common

The fest in our college was miraculous.

Revive

Verb

To restore to life from a bad situation.

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Energize, Invigorate, Reanimate, Recharge

Bore, Break, Depress, Discourage

The new government has revived the handloom sector.

Titular

Adjective

Existing in title only.

(नाममात्र का)

Nominal, Supposed

Actual, Real, True

She is just a titular head of the company.

Noun

A person who bears or holds a title.

(एक व्यक्ति जो एक उपाधि धारण करता है।)

-

-

The titulars are often assigned to famous persons.

Untenable

Adjective

Incapable of being defended.

Incapable of being sustained.

Not able to be occupied.

(अस्थिर/ असमर्थनीय)

Illogical, Flawed, Unsupportable, Unsound

Logical, Defendable

Tarun is in an untenable position.

Deify

Verb

To glorify as of very high worth.

(देवता-सदृश पूजा करना)

Idealize, Adore, Extol, Consecrate, Ennoble

Condemn, Hate, Criticize, Despise

Many people deify their political leaders as a god.

Status quo

Noun

The existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues.

(मौजूदा मामलों की स्थिति, विशेष रूप से सामाजिक या राजनीतिक मुद्दों के बारे में।)

-

-

There was a great effort put up by industrialists to maintain the status quo even after a government change.

Doom

Verb

To destine to an adverse fate.

(भाग्य में विनाश बदा होना)

Destine, Fate, Foredoom, Foredain

-

I thought that he was doomed to loneliness.

Noun

Adverse fate.

Ruin.

A judicial sentence.

(कयामत)

Calamity, Catastrophe, Disaster, Downfall

Blessing, Miracle, Boon, Good fortune

The movie showed a creature that lured people to their doom.

Outset

Noun

The beginning.

(शुरू)

Dawn, Genesis, Birth, Onset, Commencement

Completion, Conclusion

This whole idea is flawed from the outset.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?