The Hindu Vocabulary 17 March 2022

2022-03-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Growing price pressures: On need to tame inflation.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tame

Adjective

Reduced from a state of native wildness to be tractable and useful to humans

(पालतू)

Made docile and submissive

(विनम्र)

Lacking spirit

(निस्र्त्साह)

Domesticated, Docile, Trained, Pet

Feral, Savage, Undomesticated, Untamed, Wild

Raju is looking for tame dogs.

His campaigning for the elections was tame.

 

Verb

To bring under control

(वश में करना)

Check, Constrain, Control, Curb, Govern

Lose, Free

You don’t know how to tame animals.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The government policies are unable to control the rising inflation.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

Manav has undermined my work in the project.

Brainstorm

Noun

A sudden bright idea.

A discussion with the purpose of solving a problem.

(मंथन)

-

-

The latest brainstorm of Abhi was to make a new software.

Verb

To try to solve a problem or come up with new ideas by having a discussion

(किसी समस्या को हल करने का प्रयास करना या चर्चा करके नए विचारों के साथ आना)

Deliberate, Analyze, Conceive, Conceptualize

-

We were brainstorming on the prototype of our device.

Uptrend

Noun

An upturn especially in business or economic activity.

(तेज़ी)

Increase, Lengthen, Surge, Rise, Grow, Enlarge

Reduction, Decrease, Lessen, Diminish, Retrench, Shrink

This year has witnessed an uptrend in stock markets.

Spurt

Verb

To show increased activity for a short period.

(उछाल)

Commotion, Eruption, Outburst, Spate

Be quiet, Trickle

The cut was so deep that the blood spurted all over the floor.

Hinterland

Noun

The remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers.

(आंतरिक इलाके)

Bush, Remote, Hicksville, Faraway, Distant

Nearby, Close, Central, Near

The positive impacts of economic growth is not seen in hinterlands.

Thresold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

My anger has reached its threshold level.

Brunt

Noun

Bad end of a situation

(आघात)

Burden, Shock, Impact, Force, Pressure

Ease, Peace, Relaxation

I am bearing the brunt of my wrong decisions.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

The surge in the level of water in lake has alarmed the nearby residents.

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The food inflation has surged over the years.

Prognostication

Noun

a prophecy.

(भविष्यवाणी)

Prediction, Forecast, Prophecy, Divination, Prognosis

Ignorance, Negligence, Unimportant, Distraction

Shyam is good at prognostication.

Abrupt

Adjective

Sudden and unexpected

(आकस्मिक)

Hasty, Hurried, Surprising, Unanticipated, Quick

Expected, Lazy, Slow, At ease

There was an abrupt change in his attitude as soon as his father arrived.

Disconcertingly

Adverb

In a manner that causes uneasiness.

(निराशाजनक रूप से)

Unsettling, Anxious, Discomforting, Perturbing

Settling, Reassuring, Satisfying, Encouraging

He congratulated me disconcertingly on my victory.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

One should not carry the burden of the past actions.

Verb

To load heavily.

(बोझ लादना)

Afflict, Bother, Depress, Encumber

Aid, Allow, Assist, Cheer

He was burdened with extra work.

Uncharted

Adjective

Not mapped or surveyed

(मैप या सर्वेक्षण नहीं किया गया)

Faraway, Unexplored, Undiscovered, Unknown

Close, Near

The uncharted areas need to be surveyed.

Presage

Noun

a sign or warning that something, typically something bad, will happen

(लक्षण)

Omen, Sign, Indication, Potent, Warning

-

High fever is a presage of fatal illness.

Verb

(of an event) be a sign or warning that (something, typically something bad) will happen.

(भविष्य कहना)

Augur, Portend, Foreshadow, Foretell

-

The outcome of the elections will presage the economic growth in the country.

Headroom

Noun

Clearance

(निकासी)

Allowance, Expanse, Gap, Opening

Closure, Denial

He did not gave headroom for a strong signal.

Outlook

Verb

a person's point of view.

(दृष्टिकोण)

Viewpoint, Slant, Interpretation, Opinion

-

Our outlook regarding the life is completely opposite.

Expeditiously

Adverb

With speed and efficiency

(शीघ्रता से)

Quickly, Rapidly, Soon, Swiftly, Apace

Slowly

The team was motivated to work expeditiously.

 

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