The Hindu Vocabulary 17 February 2022

2022-02-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Gaming and banning: On ban on online games.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Addictive

Adjective

Causing addiction.

(नशे की लत)

Addicting, Habit, Obsessive

-

Social media is very addictive.

Militate

Verb

To fight.

To have a substantial effect on somebody or something.

(युद्ध में भाग लेना/ किसी पर या किसी चीज पर पर्याप्त प्रभाव होना।)

Mean, Weigh, Count, Register, Count, Import

Ignore, Figure, Estimate, Guess, Misunderstand, Exonerate, Neglect

He tried to militate me through his criminal record.

Prohibit

Verb

To forbid an action or activity by authority or law.

(निषेध)

Ban, Bar, Enjoin, Forbid, Outlaw

Allow, Let, Permit, Suffer, Assist, Continue, Facilitate, Push

Smoking is prohibited in all educational institutions.

Judicial

Adjective

Pertaining to court of law.

(अदालती)

Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional, Distinguished

-

The judicial process is very time-taking.

Scrutiny

Noun

A searching examination or inspection.

(जांच)

Audit, Check, Examination, Inspection, Review, Scan

Ignore

We have never faced such tight scrutiny ever.

Amendment

Noun

 

The process of altering a law in a constitutional procedure.

A material that aids plant growth by improving the soil condition.

(संशोधन)

Change, Modification, reform, Remedy, Act, Bill, Measure, Motion

Damage, Harm, Injury, Repose

There were many amendments suggested to the drone bill.

Paternalistic

Adjective

Based in a system that the authority knows best interest of the dependents and put restriction of the freedom.

(पैतृक)

Condescending, Dismissive, Patronizing, Oppressive

-

The role of school management should be less paternalistic and involve parents in decision-making.

Laudable

Adjective

Deserving praise.

Worthy of praise.

(प्रशंसनीय)

Admirable, Applaudable, Commendable, Meritorious

Censurable, Discreditable, Bad, Unworthy

The actions taken by the new officer are laudable.

Proscription

Noun

The act of banning something.

(बहिष्कार)

Ban, Constraint, Embargo, Inhibition

Allowance, Permission, Approval, Ratification

The proscription of the rebel group was welcomed by all.

Menace

Noun

Something that threatens to harm.

(खतरा/ धमकी)

Danger, Hazard, Peril, Risk

Certainty, Safety, Surety, Comfort

I can feel the menace in your attitude.

Verb

To serve as a possible threat to someone.

(धमकी देना)

Adventure, Compromise, Endanger, Jeopard

Assist, Guard, help, Protect

The construction is menacing the forest areas.

Enact

Verb

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(अभिनय करना/ क़ानून का रूप बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Accomplish, Appoint

Fail, miss, Abandon, Deny

The Parliament is planning to enact new laws.

 

Feasibility

Noun

Capable of being done.

(साध्यता)

Usefulness, Feasibleness, Utility, Expediency

-

We were studying the feasibility of a compact electric vehicle.

Wager

Noun

The act of betting.

(दांव)

Bet, Action, Ante, Challenge

Certainty, Proof, Safeguard, Protection

He placed a wager on a cricket match.

Verb

To risk something on the outcome of an uncertain event.

To make a bet.

(शर्त लगाना)

Gamble, Speculate, Chance, Game

Ascend, Rise

The police caught him wagering on the game.

Dingy

Adjective

Of a dark or dull colour.

(धूंधला)

Dirty, Dusty, Grimy, Nasty

Clean, Immaculate, Spotless, Unsoiled

The hotel we stayed in was dingy.

Hustler

Noun

A person who uses fraudulent methods to obtain money.

An athlete who plays with aggressiveness.

(उद्योगी)

Swindler, Cheater, Streetwalker

-

You should be alert and aware while dealing with financial hustlers.

Per se

Adverb

Being inherently as a matter of law.

Intrinsically

(दर असल/ असल में)

As such, By definition

-

The plan presented by you did not focus on students’ problems per se but instead focused on technical analysis.

Embargo

Noun

An order of official authority to prohibit movement of commercial ships.

A legal prohibition on commerce.

(घाटबंधी/ प्रतिबंध)

Ban, Restraint, Bar, Barrier

Aid, Assistance, Help

There is an embargo on trade with enemy countries.

Obliterate

Verb

To remove all traces of something.

(काटना)

Abolish, Annihilate, Cancel, Eradicate, Erase, Expunge, Exterminate, Obscure

Add, Aid, Assist, Bear

The rainfall obliterated all our hopes of a sporting day.

Populist

Noun

A member of a political party who claims to represent the common people.

(लोकलुभावन)

Autonomous, Constitutional, Egalitarian, Free

-

It has always been a safer option to run as a populist contestant to gain political benefits.

Adjective

relating to a political approach that appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups. (एक राजनीतिक दृष्टिकोण से संबंधित है जो ऐसे सामान्य लोगों को आकर्षित करता है जो महसूस करते हैं कि उनकी चिंताओं को स्थापित कुलीन समूहों द्वारा अवहेलना की जाती है।)

-

-

The political leaders of the opposition reprise the populist rhetoric they used in the farm bill fight.

 

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