The Hindu Vocabulary 18 February 2022

2022-02-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No room for bravado: On India easing COVID-19 restrictions.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bravado

noun

The quality of showing boldness and courage.

(वाहवाही)

Bluster, Blowing, Buff, Boasting, Crowing

Cowardice, Fearfulness, Modesty, Fear

I remember my father’s bravado during my childhood.

Restriction

Noun

A limitation on the use of some facility. (प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Control, Restraint, Stipulation

Allowance, Liberation, Freedom, Permission, Help

The college administration has put many restrictions on the students staying in the hostel.

Amend

Verb

To alter or modify.

To grow or become better.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Enhance, Upgrade

Worsen, Lower, Break, Decrease

The management ordered us to amend the manuscript.

Hinder

Verb

To cause interruption or delay.

To hold back or stop.

(बाधा पहुंचाना)

Clog, Cramp, Encumber, Impede

Aid, Assist, Facilitate, Help

The country’s economic growth was hindered due to sanctions.

Peaking

Verb

To increase.

To reach to a maximum.

(बढ़ता जाना)

Climax, Crest, Culminate

Fall, Plunge

The production was peaking in my tenure.

Reluctance

Noun

 

Unwillingness

(अनिच्छा­)

Disinclination, Hesitance, Reticence, Objection

Inclination, Willingness

He showed a reluctance to eat street food.

Fag

Verb

To work hard. (परिश्रमी काम/ थकान)

Grub, Hump, Hustle, Slog, Cripple, Disable, Drain, Fatigue

Aid, Assist, Enable, Energize

He was fagged by a long and tiring hike.

Infectious

Adjective

Tending to spread from one to other. (संक्रामक)

Catching, Contagious, Epidemic, Spreading, Toxic, Virulent

Harmless, Nonpoisonous, Antiseptic, Uncommunicable

Infectious diseases are something to be worried about.

Wane

Noun

The act of decreasing in size.

(पतन)

-

-

The wane of the stock price was not significant enough.

Verb

To decrease in size or extent.

(कम होना)

Abate, Atrophy, Dim, Ebb

Brighten, Develop, Enhance, Enlarge

The controversy caused his popularity to wane.

Complacency

Noun

A feeling of satisfaction or pleasure when unaware of potential danger.

(शालीनता)

Satisfaction, Smugness, Bighead, Conceit

Humbleness, Humility, Modesty

Complacency is dangerous when it comes to safety.

Reek

Noun

A strong odour.

Vapour or fog.

(भाप)

Funk, Stench, Stink

Aroma, Fragrance, Perfume

A very unpleasant reek was coming from the garbage bag.

Verb

To smell strongly.

To emit.

(धूआं देना)

Stink, Emit, Fume, Smoke

-

The lab was reeking due to chemical spillage.

Restore­­­­­­­­­­­

Verb

To bring back into existence.

(बहाल)

Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct, Replace, Return

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Harm, Break, Damage

The law and order should be restored as soon as possible.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?