The Hindu Vocabulary 19 January 2022

2022-01-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Inflation conundrum.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The current inflation rate is high due to the pandemic situation.

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle.

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

He was facing a very difficult conundrum thrown to him by the hardships of life.

Mandarins

Verb

An influential or powerful official.

(दिग्गज)

Bureaucrat

-

The mandarins in the office of the Authority chairman refused to do work without a bribe.

Conjure

Verb

To make something appear by magic.

(जादू)

Crave, Ask, Exorcise, Invoke, Summon

Disenchant, Disgust, Repel, Repulse

The magician conjured parrots from the hat.

Fragmented

Adjective

Existing or functioning as broken parts.

(खंडित)

Broken, Busted, Fractured, Shattered

Perfect, Unbroken, Complete, Connected

Society functions as fragmented machine parts.

Stutter

Noun

The disordered speech marked by unintentional interruptions.

(हकलाहट)

Break

Fluent

Tushar Kapoor was stuttering in movie series – Golmaal.

Verb

To speak in such a way that there are interruptions or spasms or prolongation of syllables.

(हकलाना)

Sputter, Stammer

Continue, Fluent

Ashwani used to stutter in his early childhood but now he is perfectly fine.

Steep

Adjective

Having verticle slope.

Very high.

(तीव्र ढलानवाला)

Abrupt, Arduous, Hilly, Lofty

Easy, Flat, Deplete

The price of food items has become too steep for poor people.

Verb

To soak in the liquid.

(भिगोना)

Endue, Imbue. Suffuse, Inculcate, Marinate, Permeate

Dry

She steeped the glass in liquid soap.

Noun

A precipitous place.

A place that is at a slope.

(ढालवांपन)

Hilly Region

-

Lonavala Valley is a steep place.

Deferral

Noun

The act of delaying something,

(स्थगन)

Postponement, Delay, Suspension, Stay

-

The decision of deferral of my admission was conveyed to me by email.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The fiscal policy needs some amendments.

Persistent

Adjective

Continuing beyond the usual.

(दृढ़)

Constant, Continual, Endless, Incessant

Broken, Ceasing, Disloyal, Ending

I assure you of my persistent efforts to establish my company.

Stability

Noun

The state or quality of being stable.

(स्थिरता)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security

Doubt, Instability, Spinelessness, Uncertainty

He is a calm and stable person.

Feed

Noun

Food or act of eating.

Input material in some processes.

(भोजन)

Barley, Corn, Fodder, Grain

-

The feed kept for their cattle was stolen.

Verb

To give food to.

(खिलाना)

Bolster, Encourage, Fuel, Give

-

He was financially incapable of feeding his children.

Squeeze

Verb

To press forcibly or to compress.

(निचोड़)

Crush, Express, Mash, Pack

Release, Uncompress, Loose, Allow, Expansion

She squeezed the orange and filled the glass with the orange juice.

Stoke

Verb

To increase to a higher level.

To supply with fuel.

(ईधन झोंकना)

Feed, Stir, Tend, Accelerate, Amplify, Raise

Abate, Decrease, Lessen, Minify

The new ad campaign helped us to stoke the sales.

Spiral

Noun

A spiral or helical curve.

(कुंडली)

Coil, Corkscrew, Curlicue, Flourish

Straight

The drone was flying in spirals.

Adjective

Of the nature of a coil.

(पेचदार)

Circling, Coiled, Circular

-

There is a spiral staircase up to the top of the statue.

Verb

Advancing to higher levels through a spiral course.

(चढ़ती)

Rise, Coil, Entwine, Twine, Wind

-

The cost of onion keeps on spiralling throughout the year.

Stance

Noun

A mental position towards something or someone.

(उदेश्य)

Attitude, Posture, Viewpoint, Poise

-

PM Modi made his stance pretty clear.

Soothe

Verb

To please by concern.

To calm the feelings of someone.

(शांत करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Cool, Mitigate

Distress, Torment, Torture, Trouble

The manager of the restaurant tried to soothe the angry customers.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?