The Hindu Vocabulary 20 January 2022

2022-01-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Bad start: on Australian Open build-up.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Controversy

Noun

A prolonged public dispute.

(विवाद)

Argument, Bickering, Difference, Fuss

Agreement, Concurrence, Peace, Compliment

A new controversy has emerged around Team India’s captain.

Mar

Verb

To damage or harm.

(हानि करना)

Blight, Bruise, Harm, Impair

Aid, Assist, Build, Clean

The vacation was marred due to lockdown.

Sober

Adjective

Not intoxicated.

(नशे में न होना)

Calm, Restrained, Sedate, Serious

Agitated, Excited, Drunk, Ripped

He remained sober throughout the party.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The wallpaper in your room has backdropped for your photos.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The hills provided a perfect backdrop for the pre-wedding shoot.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Not done or experienced before.

(अभूतपूर्व)

Bizarre, Fantastic, New, Miraculous

Bad, Common, Customary, Familiar

Such dirty use of power is unprecedented.

Suffocate

Verb

To become unable to breathe.

(गला घोटना)

Asphyxiate, Drown, Smother, Stifle, Choke, Strangle

Free, Loose

The kid put his head in a plastic head, luckily he was rescued.

Saga

Noun

A story or narrative about a place, group, or event.

(कथा)

Adventure, Chronicle, Epic, Narrative

-

I wrote about my family saga in the blog.

Unfold

Verb

To bring out.

To reveal.

(सामने आया)

Accurate, Complicated, Define, Exact

Careless, False, Imprecise, Inaccurate

The investigation agency unfolded many hidden truths.

Jettison

Verb

To throw something as a burden.

(अस्वीकार)

Abandon, Abdicate, Junk, Scrap

Assert, Defend, Keep, Hold, Maintain

A great player has been jettisoned because of the politics.

Noun

The act of throwing off some of the goods off the ship to lighten it to stabilize it.

(बोझ गिराना)

Discarding, Disposal, Disposition, Removal

Keep

The jettison of the ship was required to save it from sinking.

Inoculation

Noun

The act or process of introducing an antigen into a living organism.

(टीका)

Injection, Shot, Prevention, Vaccination

-

India has surpassed the USA in the number of inoculations.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Raj went to the party despite knowing that he won’t have food there.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The feeling of despite that I get at his house made me decide to avoid him.

Surge

Noun

A strong wavelike movement.

( तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Decrease

The boat was about to surge at anchor.

Verb

To rise and fall as in waves

(लहर उठना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Decline, Descend, Lessen

The graph of the share market was surging.

Fray

Noun

Fight

(लड़ाई)

Fracas, Melee, Affray, Brawl

Peace, Accord, Agreement, Calm

The criminal gangs got involved in a fray due to territorial disputes.

Verb

To fight

(उधेड़ना/ झगड़ा)

Erode, Frazzle, Unravel, Chafe

Please, Sew

The new sweater was frayed after one use.

Befitting

Adjective

Suitable and proper.

(मुंहतोड़)

Correct, Decent, Genteel, Nice, Polite, Proper, Respectable, Seemly, Right, Apt

Imprecise, Improper, Inaccurate, Inappropriate

He gave a befitting reply to the opposition leaders.

Mojo 

Noun

Something worn or kept to bring good luck or keep away from evil.

(ताबीज़)

Amulet, Charm, Mascot, Talisman

Curse, Spell, Hex, Hoodoo, Jinx

Her mother gave her a mojo so that she excels in her exam.

Reigning 

Verb

Ruling

(शासन करना)

Controlling, Directing, Managing, Governing, Ruling

Ancillary, Inferior, Last, Lesser

The king was reigning over eastern India.

Incredible 

Adjective

Impossible to believe. (अविश्वसनीय)

Unbelievable, Hard to believe, Unconvincing, Impossible, Implausible

Believable, Imaginable, Sensible, Possible

India has many incredible tourist places to visit.

Consummate 

Adjective

showing a high degree of skill and flair; complete or perfect. (परिपूर्ण)

Accomplished, Gifted, Polished, Skilled

Inept, Imperfect, Incomplete, Unfinished

The dam project was completed with consummate elegance.

Eclectic 

Adjective

Deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources

(उदार)

Broad, Diverse, Varied, Wide-ranging, Universal

Like, Similar, Narrow-minded, Narrow

The restaurant is offering an eclectic mix of meals.

Credentials 

Noun

References

(साख)

Diploma, Accreditation, Authorization, Certificate

Disapproval, Refusal

The login credentials of each student will be sent 24 hours before the exam.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?