The Hindu Vocabulary 21 January 2022

2022-01-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘All in the fray: On new contenders in Goa polls.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Contender

Noun

A person or group competing with others to achieve something.

(प्रतियोगी)

Adversary, Challenger, Competition, Contestant, Opponent

Ally, Associate, Helper

The opposite contender of Arun was not strong enough to win the match.

Coalition

Noun

An alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states. (गठबंधन)

Alliance, Merger, Union, Partnership, Bloc

Detachment, Disconnection, Division, Separation

Every year before the elections the small parties opt for the coalition.

Usurpation

Noun

Seizing something

(हड़प लेना)

Annexation, Confiscation, Abduction, Apprehension

Letting go, Release

The abrupt usurpation of power by the leading party must be checked immediately.

Cobbled

Verb

Roughly assemble or put together something from available parts or elements. (पैवंद लगाना)

Assemble, Complete, Construct, Fabricate

Break, Demolish, Destroy, Abandon, Ruin

Raju cobbled all the parts to build a machine.

Outsmart

Verb

Defeat or get the better of (someone) by being clever or cunning. (चतुरता में मात देना)

Baffle, Bamboozle, Circumvent, Outdo, Deceive

Aid, Assist, Clear up, Lose, Be honest

The student tried to outsmart the teacher but got caught.

Emerge

Verb

Come out

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

Some of the startups have emerged as unicorns in recent years.

Saunter

Noun

A leisurely stroll

(सैर)

Amble, Wander, Meander

Rush, Stay, Run

Sometimes one should go for a saunter to spend time with oneself.

Verb

Walk in a slow, relaxed manner

(टहलना)

During his free time, Amitabh use to saunter across the streets.

Vigorous

Adjective

Strong, healthy, and full of energy (क्रियात्मक)

Active, Brisk, Vital, Zealous, Dynamic

Apathetic, Delicate, Impotent, Inactive, Incapable, Moderate

Civil society favoured the vigorous enforcement of the anti-conversion law.

Buffeted

Verb

Strike repeatedly and violently

(प्रहार)

Batter, Beat, Push against, Strike, Marred

Pacify, Non-violence

Himanshu buffeted the iron with a hammer to give it a better shape.

Anti-Incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

Anti-incumbency in state elections is a popular trend in India.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Rajeev passed the IIT exam despite the fact that he never studied.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The despite realized by Sanju towards me is unforgivable.

Sidelining

Noun

Put someone aside

 (दरकिनार)

Eliminate, Ignore, Omit, Preclude, Boycott

Accept, Add, Keep, Allow, Include

The whole purpose of Mr. Sinha was to sideline Mr. Ramesh.

Fray

Noun

Fight

(लड़ाई)

Fracas, Melee, Affray, Brawl

Peace, Accord, Agreement, Calm

The couple got into fray over a trivial issue.

Verb

To fight

(उधेड़ना/ झगड़ा)

Erode, Frazzle, Unravel, Chafe

Please, Sew

The students frayed against each other over the football.

Defector

Noun

A person who has abandoned their country or cause in favor of an opposing one. (दलबदलू)

Deserter, Traitor, Rebel, Betrayer

-

The mainstream party hunted the maybe defector before the general elections.

Bountiful

Adjective

Abundant

(प्रचुर)

Ample, Lavish, Plentiful, Magnanimous

Meager, Scarce, Insufficient, Lacking

The mart provides a bountiful supply of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Churn

Verb

Mix up

(मथना)

Swirl, Simmer, Agitate, Jolt

Freeze

The colleges churn the student's profile to get a better admissions rate.

 

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