The Hindu Vocabulary 22 January 2022

2022-01-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Court and compensation: On ex gratia to kin of COVID-19 victims.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Compensation

Noun

An act of rewarding someone or making up for someone’s loss or damage.

(क्षतिपूर्ति)

Allowance, Benefit, Bonus, Earnings, Fee, Indemnity

Debt, Hurt, Loss, Penalty

I will transfer your compensation by tomorrow morning.

Kin

Noun

Someone’s relative.

(परिजन)

Affinity, Blood, Clan, Extraction, People

-

He invited all of his kins to his birthday party.

Succour

Noun

Help in time of difficulty.

(परेशानी में सहायता)

Sustenance, Aid, Help, Relief

Blockage, Hindrance, Hurt, Injury

It is our moral duty to give succour to poor people.

Persuasion

Noun

The act of making someone believe something or agreeing to do something.

(प्रोत्साहन)

Seduction, Alignment, Blandishment, Force, Bias, Creed, Denomination, Prejudice

Fairness, Disbelief, Disinterest, Atheism

It took a lot of persuasions to make him do this course.

Assertive

Adjective

Characterized by strong confidence in behaviour.

(आग्रहिता)

Confident, Decisive, Emphatic, Forceful, Militant

Ambitionless, Nonassertive, Unambitious, Meek

My young daughter is a very assertive girl.

Tardiness

Noun

The state of being late or slow.

(मंदी)

Delay, Detention, Slowness

Promptness, Quick, Punctuality

Your tardiness has prevented our company’s growth.

Ex gratia

Adjective/ Adverb

As a favour.

Not as a legal requirement.

(अनुग्रहपूर्वक)

-

-

My company offers ex gratia payment after five years of service.

Deprive

Verb

To remove someone or something from the possession of something.

(वंचित करना)

Abate, Bereave, Divest, Strip, Bankrupt, Rob, Denude

Clothe, Cover, Build, Construct

This new job is making me deprived of sleep.

Disburse

Verb

To payout.

(चुकाना)

Contribute, Dispense, Distribute, Expend

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

I hope that the funds are disbursed by the coming Tuesday.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

 

Background, Culture

-

The flowers in the backdrop are giving a nice background for the photographs.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The experience in my previous company provided an excellent backdrop for my current work.

Comorbid

Adjective

Existing simultaneously with another medical condition.

(सहरुग्णता)

-

-

The comorbid patients are not getting sick in large numbers in the case of the Omicron variant as herd immunity has been achieved.

Grievance

Noun

A wrong that can cause distress and is considered as a ground of complaint.

(शिकायत)

Down, Grudge, Resentment, Score

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

The public grievances will be handled by the newly formed grievance department.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

Every political party is claiming that public mandate will be in their favour.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The Election Commission of India mandated the rallies to be digital.

Redress

Noun

The act of setting a wrong as right.

(समाधान)

Compensation, Damages, Indemnification, Quittances

Break, Destroy, Harm, Hurt

The government plans to redress laws that were made by Britishers.

Verb

To correct what is wrong.

(प्रतिकार करना)

Avenge, Requite, Retaliate, Revenge

Injure, Worsen, Damage, Permit

Now is the time to redress centuries-old policies and make new ones.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic should end soon.

Livelihood

Noun

A means of someone’s support or existence.

(आजीविका)

Employment, Income, Living, Subsistence

Avocation, Entertainment, Fun, Pastime

The main livelihood of my village is art and crafts.

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?