The Hindu Vocabulary 23 January 2022

2022-01-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Yemen’s tragedy

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Proxy

Noun

The authority to represent someone else, especially in voting.

(प्रतिनिधि)

Deputy, Representative, Substitute, Delegate

-

The government sent him as a proxy to get the documents signed.

Coalition

Noun

An alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states. (गठबंधन)

Alliance, Merger, Union, Partnership, Bloc

Detachment, Disconnection, Division, Separation

The NGO was working in a coalition with other environmental groups to complete the project.

Dislodge

Verb

Knock or force out of position

(जगह देना)

Remove, Displace, Force out, Evict, Oust

Take in, Plant, Sow, Order

Raju dislodged his arm after tripping from the stairs.

Reinstate

Verb

Restore (someone or something) to their former position or condition. (पुनः स्थापित करना)

Bring back, Reelect, Restore, Reestablish, Revive

Destroy, Fire, Kill, Let go

The employees protested to reinstate the former manager.

Conflict

Noun

Disagreement

(टकराव)

Animosity, Competition, Difference, Dispute

Agreement, Approval, Concurrence, Authorization

There was a conflict between the student and teacher over a maths question.

Stalemate

Noun

A situation in which further action or progress by opposing or competing parties seems impossible. (गतिरोध)

Delay, Gridlock, Impasse, Standstill

Advance, Headway, Progress

The bill reached a stalemate when Rajya Sabha was dismissed.

Tactical

Adjective

Strategic

(सामरिक)

Diplomatic, Calculated, Deliberate, Planned, Clever

-

He gained a tactical advantage by acquiring one of his competitors.

Prospect

Noun

The possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring. (आशा)

Anticipation, Chance, Expectation, Forecast

Hopelessness, Impossibility, Unlikelihood

There was no prospect of reconciliation between the two parties.  

Escalate

Verb

Increase

(तीव्र करना)

Expand, Grow, Rise, Step up, Climb

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Drop

Ramu escalated his fight with Raju by abusing him.

Retaliation

 

Noun

Revenge

(प्रतिशोध)

Payback, Vengeance, Reprisal, Retribution

Forgiveness, Pardon, Sympathy

Joe closed the gas pipeline of the society in retaliation.

Trigger

Verb

Cause (an event or situation) to happen or exist.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Bring about, Cause, Provoke, Set off, Produce

Destroy, Prevent, End, Stop

Rakesh’s behavior was triggered by Shreya’s betrayal.

Abandoned

Adjective

Left alone

 (लड़ाई)

Deserted, Discarded, Dissipated, Dropped

Adopted, Chaste, Cherished, Innocent

Some people abandoned their country due to genocide.

Rein

Noun

Control

(नियंत्रण)

Curb, Repress, Restrict, Check

Encourage, Let go, Continue, Disperse

Shagun handed over the reins of the company to the new director.

Verb

He reined in his horse and galloped along the line.

 

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The 100th Constitutional Amendment made in 2015 is pertaining to-