The Hindu Vocabulary 24 January 2022

2022-01-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Himalayan questions: On the absence of environment in Uttarakhand campaign.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Campaign

Noun

A systematic course of action launched for some specific purpose.

(अभियान)

Crusade, Drive, Fight, Movement, Juggernaut

-

The group of students launched a campaign against the school management.

Verb

To serve or go in a movement for a specific purpose.

(एक विशेष लक्ष्य कीओर एक संगठित और सक्रिय तरीके से काम करना)

Barnstorm, Lobby, Stump, Politick

-

I was campaigning for my uncle in the elections.

Fragile

Adjective

Vulnerable or delicate in appearance.

Capable of being easily broken

(नाजुक)

Breakable, Delicate, Frail, Frangible, Feeble. Weak

Able, Firm, Healthy, Strong, Infrangible, Nonbreakable

The crockery is a fragile item to ship.

Shrine

Noun

A place or building that is hallowed because of its associations or history.

(तीर्थस्थान)

Sanctuary, Sanctum, Altar, Chapel

-

Many shrines in India have a centuries-old history.

Constitute

Verb

To compose.

To establish.

(निर्मित करना)

Compose, Comprise, Form, Create

Destroy, Ruin, Break, Disarrange

Women constitute 45%of the voters.

Tout

Verb

To describe or advertise boastfully.

(कुछ बेचने का प्रयास, आम तौर पर आक्रामक या साहसिक तरीके से लोगों को परेशान करके।)

Acknowledged, Approved, Authorized, Confirmed, Glorify

Abnormal, Different, Disapproved, Irregular

The company ran advertisements touting the jacket’s effectiveness in keeping warmth.s

Noun

A person who solicits business.

(दलाल)

 

 

He is a very useful tout for any business.

Concern

Noun

Matter of consideration.

(मामला)

Care, Concernment, Heed, Interest

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm

This matter is none of your concern.

Verb

To relate to something and get worried.

(चिंतित होना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve

Unconcern

Why are you concerning me with useless stuff?

Grandstand

Noun

The main seating area of a stadium.

(मचान)

-

-

We bought tickets for the grandstand in the cricket match.

Verb

To conduct oneself in a manner to impress others.

(दूसरों को प्रभावित करने के तरीके से खुद का आचरण करना।)

Show off, Parade, Prance, Showboat

 

The politicians never hesitate to grandstand.

Adjective

Intended to impress onlookers.

(नुमाइशी)

-

 

We went to the grandstand seats as they were empty.

Anti-incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

The ruling party has a disadvantage of anti-incumbency in the elections.

Wrest

Verb

To take away by force.

(खींच)

Exact, Extort, Seize, Prize, Uproot, Yank, Usurp, Wrench

Give

He was trying to wrest the knife from children.

 

Noun

A key for turning stringed musical instruments.

(तार वाले वाद्य यंत्रों को घुमाने के लिए एक चाभी।)

-

-

I was looking for the wrest for my guitar.

Infighting

Noun

A prolonged and bitter dispute among the members of an organization or a family.

(अंदरूनी कलह)

 

Conflict, Disaccord, Friction, Inharmony

Accord, Harmony, Concordance, Peace

There was news about infighting among the top leadership of the party.

Tussle

Noun

A rough phase or struggle.

(संघर्ष)

Battle, Clash, Combat, Fight, Brawl, Fray, Scuffle, Strife

Agree, Concur

The tussle for power is common among political parties.

Verb

To struggle or fight roughly.

(जोरदार संघर्ष या हाथापाई में शामिल हों।)

Grapple, Rassle, Scuffle, Wrestle, Battle, Box, Brawl, Conflict

Harmonize, Peace

He was tussling with his boss to get credit in eyes of the top management.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?