The Hindu Vocabulary 25 January 2022

2022-01-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A stellar fallacy: On hasty assessment of environmental costs.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Stellar

Adjective

Of or relating to stars.

(तारकीय)

Astronomical, Cosmic, Galactic, Heavenly, Astral, Star

-

All the characters in the movie were given stellar names.

Fallacy

Noun

A deceptive or misleading notion.

(भांति)

Deception, Heresy, Inconsistency, Paradox

Truth, Accuracy, Certainty, Directness

The fallacies of their idea will soon be known to the public.

Hasty

Adjective

Done with speed.

(आतुर)

Cursory, Flying, Gadarene, Rash

Deliberate, Unhurried, Unrushed, Leisurely

He gave his in-laws a hasty visit.

Assess

Verb

To estimate the value of something officially.

(मूल्यांकन)

Charge, Exact, Fine, Impose

Remit, Aid. Assist, Ignore

The valuation of the business will be assessed by the authorities.

Spark

Verb

To produce sparks.

(चमकना)

Kindle, Precipitate, Provoke, Trigger

Calm, Discourage, Halt, Wait

Our CEO puts the spark in everyone through his speech.

Noun

A small fiery particle that is emitted when two stones are rubbed or by some other process.

(बाँका)

Flare, Flicker, Gleam, Hint

Dullness

The sparks were seen at the joint in the wiring.

Communique

Noun

An official bulletin or communication.

(विज्ञप्तियों)

Ad, Bulletin, Notice, Posting, Release, Warning, Address, News

Ignorance, Question, Concealment, Suppression

The government signed an official communique to release the minimum amount of water by the 10th of every month.

Appraise

Verb

To estimate the monetary value of something.

(मूल्यांकन करना)

Assess, Estimate, Evaluate, Rate

Ignore, Neglect

The property needs to be appraised before the insurance.

Incentivise

Verb

To provide with an incentive.

(प्रोत्साहित)

Encourage, Motivate, Boost, Excite

Deter, Discourage, Disincentivise

The company provided a bonus to incentivise the employees.

Transparency

Noun

The quality to see through something.

(पारदर्शिता)

Clarity, Clearness, Limpidity, Lucency

Cloudiness, Opacity, Turbidity, Turbidness

The transparency offered by my company makes it trustworthy.

Efficiency

Noun

The ability to do something.

(क्षमता)

Ability, Adaptability, Capability, Energy

Idleness, Ignorance, Impotence, Inability

The efficiency of the new machine is very high.

Accountability

Noun

The state of being answerable.

(जवाबदेही)

Liability, Answerability, Blameworthiness

-

The schools should hold accountability for the safety of children.

Impact

Noun

The act of hitting something with force.

The power or influence of someone or something.

(प्रभाव)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Clash

-

The impact of education is very high on societal development.

Verb

To have a direct effect.

(किसी पर या किसी चीज पर गहरा प्रभाव डालना)

Jolt, Clash, Crash, Kick

-

The meteors impacted the earth thousands of years ago.

Cornerstone

Noun

Something that is essential.

(आधारशिला)

Essential, Foundation, Linchpin, Mainstay

-

Trust is the cornerstone of any relationship.

Ecological

Adjective

Relating to ecology.

Tending to cause minimal harm to the environment.

(परिस्थितिविज्ञान-संबंधी)

Eco-friendly, Green

-

He went to the university to pursue ecological studies.

Minimal

Noun

Very small or least that is possible.

(सब से कम)

Basic, Essential, Nominal, Minimum

Inessential, Nonessential, Secondary, Maximum

The aim of the Environment Ministry is to provide minimal damage to the environment.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The loss of the Test Series in South Africa is an instance of a lack of sincerity.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

For instance, the Olympic games were postponed.

Criticism

Noun

The act of showing disapproval of a person or a thing.

(आलोचना)

Assessment, Comment, Opinion, Review, Denunciation, Objection. Aspersion, Blast

Approval, Compliment, Flattery, Estimation

I received heavy criticism for my decision to enter politics.

Compiled

Verb

To gather together.

(संकलित करना)

Anthologize, Amass, Arrange, Assemble, Collect, Gather, Glean, Organize

Destroy, Disarrange, Break, Disorder, Disorganize

My task was to compile daily breaking news.

Contend

Verb

To struggle in opposition.

To contest in rivalry.

(संघर्ष करना)

Battle, Compete, Fight, Race, Argue, Confront, Cope, Meet

Agree, Comply, Hide, Cede

I decided to contend in the elections against the incumbent legislator.

Hamper

Verb

To hinder or restrict the movement.

(रोक देना)

Clog, Embarrass, Fetter, Handcuff, Block, Curb, Frustrate, Hamstring

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

I don’t appreciate you hampering my work.

Understandably

Adjective

Capable of being understood.

(जाहिर है)

Sensibly, Intelligibly, Reasonably

Difficult

Rahul is understandably nervous before the exam.

Vis-a-vis

Noun

In relation to or compared.

(सामने)

-

-

The graph shows velocity vis-à-vis time.

Adverb

Face to face.

(आमने- सामने)

-

-

Both parties sat vis-à-vis at the table.

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If the signs '+' and 'x' are interchanged, then which of the following would be correct?