The Hindu Vocabulary 19 March 2022

2022-03-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Unhealthy precedent: On vaccinating children’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vaccination

Noun

The act of inoculation with vaccine.

(टीका)

DiffInnoculation, Shot, Immunization

-

The government is running a vaccination programme against COVID.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The fight against the pandemic is still continuing.

Approval

Noun

Authorization

(अनुमोदन)

Blessing, Confirmation, Consent, Endorsement

Ban, Condemnation, Discouragement, Denial

DCGI has approved many vaccines in India.

Facet

Noun

One side of something many-sided

(पहलू)

Surface, Face, Side, Plane, Angle

Back, Rear

Another facet of the story is that no one ever knew about the murderer.

Precedent

Noun

Any act or decision that serves as an example in the subsequent situations.

(मिसाल)

Antecedent, Criterion, Exemplar, Instance

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

The court judgments serve as a precedent in the upcoming cases.

Adverse

Adjective

preventing success or development; harmful; unfavourable.

(विपरीत)

Disadvantageous, Unpropitious, Unfortunate, Untoward, Harmful

Safe, Advantageous, Favourable, Beneficial, Positive, Friendly

Eating junk food every day will have an adverse impact on your health.

Jeopardise

Verb

Put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.

(ख़तरे में डालना)

Threaten, Endanger, Imperil, Menace, Risk

Safeguard, Protection, Defence, Shelter, Screen, Buffer

He jeopardised my money in betting.

Perplex

Verb

(of something complicated or unaccountable) cause (someone) to feel completely baffled.

(हक्का-बक्का करना)

Puzzle, Baffle, Mystify, Bemuse, Bewilder, Disconcert

Aid, Clarify, Clear up, Explain

He was perplexed by the result of the elections.

Hesitancy

Noun

The quality or state of being hesitant.

(संदेह)

Uncertainty, Hesitation, Hesitance, Doubt

Certainty, Sure, Resolute, Willingness

He showed hesitancy in inviting his friends over dinner.

Inexplicable

Adjective

Beyond comprehension

(अकथनीय)

Baffling, Strange, Unaccountable, Mysterious, Incomprehensible

Comprehensible, Explainable, Normal, Regular, Intelligible

Due to an inexplicable reason, I went blank for sometime and could not complete the paper on time.

Seroprevalence

Noun

the level of a pathogen in a population, as measured in blood serum.

(जनसंख्या में रोगज़नक़ का स्तर)

-

-

The national seroprevalence survey showed that the second wave created antibodies against the virus.

Staggeringly

Adverb


To an astonishing or shocking degree.

(लड़खड़ाते हुए)

Desperately, Dreadfully, Badly, Exceedingly, Horribly

Calmly, Mildly, Little

He asked her staggeringly to marry him.

Severe

Adjective

the fact or condition of being serious.

(तीव्रता)

Seriousness, Gravity, Strength, Intensity, Ferocity

Mildness, Leniency, Geniality, Elaboration, Simplicity

Ishan was undergoing treatment as he was suffering from severe illness.

Fathom

Verb

to penetrate to the truth of

(समझना)

Appreciate, Comprehend, Divine, Figure out, Plumb

Misinterpret, Misunderstand, Estimate, Guess

He fathomed the feelings of his mother.

Noun

A unit of length equal to six feet (approximately 1.8 m), chiefly used in reference to the depth of water.

(गहराई का माप)

-

-

The depth of the sea was more than 20 fathoms.

Jettisoned

Verb

To throw something as a burden.

(बोझ गिराना)

Abandon, Abdicate, Junk, Scrap

Assert, Defend, Keep, Hold, Maintain

The government shoul not jettison its policy on the civilians.

Noun

The act of throwing off some of the goods off the ship to lighten it to stabilize it.

(किसी जहाज या विमान से सामान को हल्का करने या स्थिर करने के लिए ढलाई करने की क्रिया)

Discarding, Disposal, Disposition, Removal

Keep

The jettison of the ship cargo was required to save the passengers.

 

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?