The Hindu Vocabulary 21 March 2022

2022-03-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Helping Afghanistan: On the UN mission in Afghanistan’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Oppression

Noun

Prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control.

(उत्पीड़न)

Abuse, Brutality, Coercion, Cruelty, Despotism

Help, Democracy, Happiness, Joy

The Uyghur community is facing oppression in China.  

Mandate

Noun

 

An official order or commission to do something.

(आदेश)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive

Breach, Question, Break, Denial

The political parties have released their mandate before the elections.

Emphatic

Adjective

Expressing something forcibly and clearly.

(प्रभावी)

Assertive, Definite, Definitive, Cogent, Decided, Determined

Ambiguous, Obscure, vague, Weak

The students were emphatic that the exams should be postponed.

Myriad

Adjective

countless or extremely great in number.

(असंख्य)

Innumerable, Countless, Infinite, Numberless, Unlimited, Untold

Scarce, Scanty, Sparse, Less, Lack, Meagre, Dearth

I don’t have myriad opportunities, but I ll create one for myself.

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

He abstained from voting in the general elections.

Inclusive

Adjective

Including or covering all the services, facilities, or items normally expected or required.

(समावेशी)

Broad, Comprehensive, All together, Full

Exclusive, Incomprehensive, Narrow

The price of the laptop is inclusive of all taxes.

Consultation

Noun

the action or process of formally consulting or discussing.

(परामर्श)

Appointment, Meeting, Deliberation, Dialogue, Hearing

-

You need consultation of a cancer specialist.

Relevant

Adjective

Appropriate

(प्रासंगिक)

Admissible, Applicable, Consistent, Compatible

Improper, Inapplicable, Incompatible, Trivial, Unacceptable

The students should only share relevant videos.

Barred

Adjective

Prohibited

(बाधित)

Banned, Contraband, Illegal, Illicit, Restricted

Allowed, Legal, Lawful, Permitted

The barred students were not allowed in the campus.

Hostile

Adjective

Mean

(विरोधी)

Adverse, Belligerent, Bitter, Contentious

Agreeable, Aiding, Favourable, Friendly

He showed hostile behaviour towards me.

Reluctant

Adjective

unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.

(अनिच्छुक)

Unwilling, Disinclined, Grudging, Resistant, Resisting

Willing, Eager, Ready, Prepared, Disposed, Inclined

He was reluctant to accept my offer.

Ameliorate

Verb

Make something bad or unsatisfactory better

(उन्नति)

Alleviate, Lighten, Mitigate, Help, Improve

Aggravate, Decrease, Harm, Injure

The government policies have to an extent ameliorated living standards in urban areas.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?