The Hindu Vocabulary 22 March 2022

2022-03-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Mounting pressure: On India’s options on Ukraine’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Mounting

Verb

Climb up/ Increase

(चढ़ना)

Organise and initiate a campaign or any other course of action.

(स्थापित करना)

Ascend, Move up, Set in motion, Arrange, Organise, Initiate, Build, Escalate

Decrease, Lower, Reduce, Weaken

He mounted the steps to reach the first floor.

The boss was mounting pressure on its team to complete the project on time.

Retain

Verb

Hold on to physically or mentally

(बनाए रखना)

Absorb, Contain, Maintain, Possess, Preserve

Abandon, Desert, Disperse, Lose, Ignore, Exclude

He retained his first position in the competition.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The invasion can be stopped only if other foreign powers are on our side.

Coincidence

Noun

a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances without apparent causal connection.

(संयोग)

Accord, Accompaniment, Concurrence, Consonance

Difference, Discord, Disconnection, Divergence

Oh, What a coincidence ! I was coming to meet you only.

Descend

Verb

move or fall downwards.

(ढलना)

Down, Drop, Fall, Sink, Subside, Dive, Plunge, Plummet

Ascend, Rise, Surge, Climb, Upside, Upward

The drone descended on its way to deliver the medicines.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

The bilateral relations between India and UAE have strengthened over the years.

Delay

Verb

Make someone or something late or slow.

(देर करना)

Adjourn, Bar, Block, Defer, Detain

 

Abandon, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The project was delayed for the coming two years.

Noun

A period of time by which something is late or postponed.

(विलंब)

Lag, Postponement, Setback, Suspension

Continuation, Help, Liberation, Advance, Aid, Assistance

My flight was two hour delay.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव)

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण) 

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

A resolution was introduced in the Parliament to impech the President.

Condone

Verb

Accept and allow (behavior that is considered morally wrong or offensive) to continue.

(ध्यान न देना)

Excuse, Forget, Forgive, Ignore, Overlook

Attend, Deny, Refuse, Regard, Condemn

The government cannot condone any behavior that involves the harassment of citizens.

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

He abstained from finalising the project deal.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

India should also support the sanctions imposed by the West on Russia.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The government has sanctioned the budget for agriculture and allied sector.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organization

(शासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Reign

-

The current regime in our neighbouring country Bangladesh is pro-India.

Flurry

Noun

Burst

(विस्फोट)

Furor, Outbreak, Spurt, Turmoil

Calm, Peace, Order, Rest

There is a flurry of attacks in Ukraine by Russian troops.

Verb

To move in an excited manner.

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bewilder, Bother, Bustle, Disconnect

Aid, Appease, Calm, Clarify

He was flurried on seeing a snake.

Steer

Verb

To guide the course of something by a wheel.

To set and hold to a course.

(रास्ते पर लाना/ मार्गदर्शन करना)

Conduct, Direct, Guide, Lead, Route, Drive, Escort, Govern

Follow, Trail

She steered the boat towards the bank to stop at the harbour.

Noun

A suggestion or hint about a course of action.

(इशारा/ संकेत)

-

-

Raju got a steer about the conspiracy going on behind his back.

Deny

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He denied being part of the evening function.

Acknowledge

Verb


Accept or admit the existence or truth of

recognize the fact or importance or quality of.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Accept, Grant, Confess, Appreciate

Decline, Deny, Disagree, Disapprove

The plight of Ukraine is being acknowledged by every nation.

He acknowledged my efforts in increasing the sales.

Warfare

Noun

Armed conflict

(युद्ध)

Battle, Clash, Combat, Strife, Struggle, War

Ceasefire, Surrender, Peace, Truce

The implications of Russia-Ukraine warfare can be seen in the world.

Criticise

Verb

To act as a critic.

To point out the faults of someone or something.

To consider the merits and demerits and judge accordingly.

(आलोचना करना)

Blame, Blast, Castigate, Excoriate, Review, Scrutinize

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Exonerate, Praise, Estimate

The opposition party leaves no opportunity to criticise the party in power.

Strategic

Adjective

Relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.

(सामरिक)

Planned, Calculated, Deliberate, Tactical, Judicious, Critical

Inessential, Insignificant, Trivial, Unplanned

Indo-Pacific region is a strategic and economically important region.

Autonomy

Noun

Independence

(स्वायत्तता)

 

Freedom, Self-determination, Self-rule, Sovereignty

Dependence

The body lost its autonomy after the parliament passed an act to control it.

 

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Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T