The Hindu Vocabulary 23 March 2022

2022-03-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A default choice — On return of Biren Singh as Manipur CM’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Default

Noun

A preselected option adopted by a computer program or other mechanism when no alternative is specified by the user or programmer.

Failure

(दोष)

Non-payment, Delinquency, Error, Fault

Accuracy, Abundance, Adequacy, Care

By default, the color of the home screen will be black.

There was a default in the camera of the laptop.

Verb


fail to fulfill an obligation, especially to repay a loan or to appear in a court of law.

(चूक जाना)

 

Evade, Defraud, Dishonor, Fail, Repudiate

Complete, Meet, Pay

He defaulted on the educational loan that he took three years back.

Speculation

Noun

The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.

(अनुमान)

Belief, Conjecture, Thought, Opinion

Reality, Truth, Disdain, Proof

There is speculation in the market that the stock market prices will rise again.

Contender

Noun

Competitor

(प्रतिद्वंद्वी)

Adversary, Challenger, Contestant, Opponent, Rival

Ally, Associate, Helper

True victory comes when you face a strong contender.

Dubious

Adjective

Hesitating or doubting

not to be relied upon

(संदिग्ध)

Doubtful, Uncertain, Unsure, Hesitant, Vague, Unclear

Believable, Certain, Clear, Definite, Determined

He gave me a dubious look while I was counting the money.

Verdict

Noun

The finding or answer of a jury is given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment.

(निर्णय)

The answer, Award, Finding, Opinion, Decision, Decree

Accusation

The verdict of the High Court on the case faced large opposition from the general public.

Shenanigans

Noun

secret or dishonest activity or maneuvering.

(धोखाधड़ी)

Antics, Capers, Gag, Misbehaviour, Dishonest

-

The shenanigans of the children cannot be ignored sometimes.

Dominate

Verb

Exercise control over

(हावी होना)

Command, Control, Dictate, Influence, Lead

Follow, Lose, Obey, Mismanage

Ramesh was trying to dominate his manager in front of the boss.

Tenure

Noun

The holding of anything like a position or office.

Status granted to an employee.

(कार्यकाल)

Hitch, Stint, Term, Ownership

Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

The tenure of the members of the Rajya Sabha is six years.

Ballast

Noun

Something giving balance

(ऐसा कुछ जो संतुलन बनाये रखे)

Equilibrium, Balance, Brace, Counterbalance

Instability

A strong opposition party is required to act as ballast in the governance of a state.

Chronic

Adjective

Never ending

(दीर्घकालिक)

Constant, Continuous, Sustained, Deep-rooted, Incurable

Ceasing, Ending, Halting, Curable

He is suffering from chronic illness.

Tackle

Verb

make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task).

(निपटना)

Wade, Begin, Try, Handle, Embark on

Abstain, Complete, Conclude, Dodge

He is capable of tackling mass protests.

Noun

Equipment or apparatus especially for fishing.

(सामग्री)

Accouterment, Appliance, Gear, Paraphernalia

-

I don’t know how to use a fishing tackle.

Recurring

Adjective

Repetitive

(पुनरावर्ती)

Cyclical, Periodic, Repeating, Continual

Ceasing, Interrupted, Ending, Inconstant

The recurring conflicts have ruined the old relationship between the two families.

Ticklish

Adjective


(of a situation or problem) difficult to deal with.

(किसी स्थिति या समस्या से निपटना मुश्किल)

Problematic, Tricky, Complicated, Tough, Delicate

Easy, Firm, Strong

The teacher ignored all the ticklish questions being asked by students.

Assume

Verb

suppose to be the case, without proof.

(मान लेना)

 

Presume, Suppose, Take it, Conjecture

Abstain, Disbelieve, Forget, Misunderstand

He assumed himself to be your benefactor.

take or begin to have (power or responsibility).

(जिम्मेदारी लेना)

Accept, Bear, Undertake, Manage, Handle

End, Reject, Complete

He assumed the responsibility of Finance Secretary.

Facile

Adjective

Easily accomplished or attained

(जो सहज में जीता जाय)

Effortless, Hasty, Apparent

Arduous, Difficult, Complicated

Don’t get excited about your facile win in the competition.


(especially of a theory or argument) appearing neat and comprehensive only by ignoring the true complexities of an issue

(सुगम)

Simplistic, Superficial, Schematic, Shallow

Complex

The government presented a facile solution to the extremism.

Beleaguered

Adjective

In a very difficult situation

(परेशान)

Troubled, Under pressure, Stressful

-

The beleaguered lady was helped by the NGO.

(of a place) surrounded by armed forces aiming to capture it or force surrender

(धेरा डालना)

Captured, Beseiged, Reserved, Deserted

Populated, Unreserved

The Ukrainian government is trying to get back the beleaguered city of Kyiv.

Vital

Adjective

Essential

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Critical, Basic, Crucial, Decisive, Meaningful

Additional, Extra, Optional, Meaningless

Water is of vital importance to all.

Full of energy

(जीवंत)

Lively, Energetic, Vibrant, Dynamic

Dull, Inactive, Lethargic

The deer is a beautiful and vital animal.

Extremism

Noun

The holding of extreme political or religious views

(उग्रवाद)

Radicalism, Irrationality, Intolerance, Bigotry, Hatred, Fanaticism

Apathy, Calmness, Dislike, Irresolution, Fairness

The threat of religious extremism is spreading across the world.

Ember

Noun

A small piece of burning or glowing coal or wood in a dying fire.

(चिंगारी)

Ash, Cinder, Brand, Coal

-

The ember of the animosity between the two families remains.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?