The Hindu Vocabulary 24 March 2022

2022-03-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Status quo and beyond: On Pramod Sawant’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Status Quo

Noun

The existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues. (यथास्थिति)

Current situation, Status, Circumstances

-

The ruling party decided to maintain the status quo in terms of leadership.

Fundamental

Adjective

forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.

(मौलिक)

Central, Constitutional, Elemental, Essential

 

 

Accessory, Auxiliary, Extrinsic, Insignificant

The fundamental rights are guaranteed to all citizens of India.

Noun

a central or primary rule or principle on which something is based.

(एक केंद्रीय या प्राथमिक नियम या सिद्धांत जिस पर कुछ आधारित है)

Component, Factor, Element, Foundation, Principle

Fear, Cowardice, Addition, Extra

The fundamentals of the party have to be followed by all the members.

Retain

Verb

Hold on to physically or mentally

(बनाए रखना)

Absorb, Contain, Maintain, Possess, Preserve

Abandon, Desert, Disperse, Lose, Ignore, Exclude

The company retained Mr. Sahoo as the COO of the company for the next two years. 

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent for you to take care of your parents.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent officer was replaced by Mr. Singh.

Helmsmanship

Noun

The action or skill of steering a ship or boat

(नेतृत्व में)

 

Boating, Shipping, Captainship, Piloting

-

Under Justice Singh’s helmsmanship, no one got injustice.

Barely

Adverb

By a very small margin

(मुश्किल से)

Almost, Scarcely, Hardly, Just

Easily, Significantly, Vastly, Substantially

The child was so angry that he barely talked to his parents.    

Fragment

Noun

A part broken off.

An incomplete or isolated part.

(टुकड़ा)

Bit, Chunk, Hunk, Lump, Piece

Lot, Whole, Total

Small fragments of the glass were lying on the floor.

Verb

To break into pieces.

(टुकड़ों में तोड़ना)

Disintegrate, Rend, Rive, Burst, Crumble, Disunite, Break, Fracture

Combine, Fix, Join, Complete

Some outsiders are trying to fragment our national cricket team.

Bevy

Noun

A large group of people or things of a particular kind.

(झुंड)

Group, Gang, Troop, Company, Band, Assembly

 

Individual, One

The bevy of children entered the hall and started screaming.

Fray

Noun

Fight

(लड़ाई)

Fracas, Melee, Affray, Brawl

Peace, Accord, Agreement, Calm

The political parties got into the fray over the bill.

Verb

To fight

(उधेड़ना/ झगड़ा)

Erode, Frazzle, Unravel, Chafe

Please, Sew

The inexpensive clothes soon fray out.

Fragile

Adjective

Easily broken or damaged.

(नाज़ुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Brittle, Weak, Frail

Firm, Strong, Tough, Stiff

Seeing the fragile political ecosystem, the party decided not to reshuffle the portfolios.

Prone

Adjective

Likely or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something unpleasant or regrettable.

(प्रवृत्त)

Susceptible, Vulnerable, Liable, Inclined, Given

Resistant, Immune, Waterproof, Against, Anti

The region near rivers is more prone to floods.

Mandate

Noun

An official order or commission to do something.

(आदेश)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive

Breach, Question, Break, Denial

The mandate of the authority regarding evacuation is not clear.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The government mandated the citizens to value the national symbols.

Displease

Verb

make (someone) feel annoyed or dissatisfied.

(नाराज़ करना)

Annoy, Irritate, Infuriate, Incense, Anger, Provoke

Aid, Assist, Calm, Comfort, Help

He displeased me with his arrogant behaviour.

Pandemic

Adjective

Universal

(सर्वव्यापी महामारी)

Board, Common, Comprehensive, Generic

Abnormal, Exclusive, Incomplete, Infrequent

Many vaccines have been developed across the world against the COVID-19 pandemic.

Leverage

Verb

use (something) to maximum advantage.

(लाभ उठाने)

Utilize, Grab, Grip, Force

Underestimate, Avoid, Ignore, Disable

The government needs to leverage its key resources to achieve the desired economic growth.

Diversify

Verb

Make or become more diverse or varied.

(विविधता)

Expand, Transform, Change, Spread out

Remain, Stay, Keep, Continue

The crop plantation needs to be diversified.

Holistic

Adjective

Complete

(समग्र)

Comprehensive, Integrated, Aggregate, Entire

-

The holistic development of each section of the society should be ensured by the new government.

Vibrant

Adjective

Full of energy and enthusiasm.

(जीवंत)

Active, Alive, Throbbing, Dynamic, Energetic

Apathetic Lazy, Lethargic, Dull, Idle

India has a young and vibrant economy.

Fixated

Verb

Cause (someone) to acquire an obsessive attachment to someone or something.

(जुनून सवार होना)

Obsessed with, Preoccupied with, Gripped by, Captivated

Disenchanted, Indifferent

I was for some duration fixated on painting.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?