The Hindu Vocabulary 25 March 2022

2022-03-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Freeze out: On fuel price hike after an 137-day pause.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Freeze Out

Noun

An exclusion of a person or organization from something, by boycotting or ignoring them. (समूह से बाहर धकेलना)

Demote, Dethrone, Dismiss, Overthrow, Kick out

Allow, Promote, Upgrade

He was freezed out of the NGO due to his inappropriate conduct.

Distortion

Noun

the action of distorting or the state of being distorted.

(विरूपण)

Warp, Twist, Contortion, Bend, Buckle, Deformity

Station, Posit, Plunk, Park

The distortion in the prices of fuel will take time to recover.

Tweak

Verb

Twist or pull (something) sharply.

(मरोड़ना)

Twist, Tug, Nip, Twitch, Squeeze, Jerk

Properly, Straighten, Align, Adjust, Set, Tidy, Arrange

He tweaked his brother’s ear to punish him.

Interregnum

Noun

A period when normal government is suspended, especially between successive reigns or regimes.

(दो शासनों के बीच का काल)

Meantime, Interlude, Interval, Recess

-

The two major parties campaigned to the fullest during the interregnum.

Spike

Noun

A sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration of something.

(वृद्धि)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Swell, Rise, Climb, Escalate, Surge

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Reduce, Drop

The sudden spike in the sales of cars amazed everyone in the company.

Verb

Impale or pierce with a sharp point

(छेदना)

Impale, Pierce, Penetrate, Perforate, Stab

Detach, Loosen, Release

She spiked my ears on my request.

Deregulate

Verb

Remove imposed controls on a system

(नियंत्रण मुक्त)

Decontrol, Denationalize, Let alone, Not meddle

-

The fuel prices were deregulated by the government.

Reset

Verb

Set again or differently

(फिर से स्थापित करना)

Reboot, Restart, Load, Reformed, Transformed

Degenerated, Deteriorated

Try to reset your phone then only it will function normally.

Evidence

Noun


The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.

(सबूत)

Proof, Confirmation, Verification, Corroboration, Affirmation

Concealment, Denial, Hiding

The police could not find any evidence against Mr. Mahesh.

Verb

To prove

(साबित करना)

 

Indicate, Show, Reveal, Manifest, Demonstrate

Conceal, Hide, Obscure, Cover, Deny

His involvement in the murder is evidenced by the fingerprints found on the glass.

Goad

Noun

Something that urges or stimulus into action.

(प्रोत्साहन)

Catalyst, Compulsion, Desire, Drive, Impetus

Block, Disgust, Dislike, Hate

The fire accident is a goad to the industry to ban smoking in the premises.

Verb

Provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction.

(प्रेरित करना)

Coerce, Harass, Provoke, Tease

Leave alone, Aid, Block, Bore

The opposition goaded the government to repeal the laws in favour of the welfare of farmers. 

Abundantly

Adverb

In large quanitities (बहुतायत से)

Plentifully, Amply, Profusely, Exuberantly

Meagerly, Meanly, Poorly

He made me abundantly clear that he will throw me out of the house if I didn’t pay the rent.

Nudge

Noun

A light touch or push.

(एक हल्का धक्का)

Poke, Dig, Prod, Jab, Push

-

He gave me a nudge to indicate that I should remain quiet.

Wink

Verb

Close and open one eye quickly, typically to indicate that something is a joke or a secret or as a signal of affection or greeting.

(आँख मारना)

Blink, Flutter, Bat

-

He winked at me and passed by.

Noun

An act of closing and opening one eye quickly, typically as a signal.

(संकेत)

Glimmer, Twinkle, Blink, Glitter, Flash

-

I could not understand the reason behind his wink at me.

Compel

Verb

To force somebody to do something.

(विवश करना)

Constrain, Enforce, Impel, Oblige

Dissuade, Discourage, Stop, Deter

He compelled me to join the evening celebration.

Hostage

Noun

Person held captive until captor’s demand is met

(बंधक)

Captive, Prisoner, Victim, Earnest

Captor

The school children were made hostage by the terrorists.

Electoral

Adjective

Relating to electors.

Relating to elections.

(निर्वाचन)

Elective, Constituent, Appointing, Appointive

-

The electoral norms should be uniform throughout every level of governance.

Deploy

Verb

Station troops or weapons

(तैनात)

Expand, Set up, Arrange, Use

End, Disarrange, Disorder, Displace

There was a bill presented in the parliament to deploy guards in the government buses.

Untenable

Adjective

Incapable of being defended.

Incapable of being sustained.

Not able to be occupied.

(अस्थिर/ असमर्थनीय)

Illogical, Flawed, Unsupportable, Unsound

Logical, Defendable

The builder is now worried because of his untenable apartments.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The after-war effect will be seen soon in the form of increased inflation.

Cynical

Adjective

Distrusting the motives of others.

Believing that people are motivated by self-interest.

(निंदक/ कुटिल)

Contemptuous, Derisive, Ironic, Misanthropic

Believing, Optimistic, Trusting, Hopeful, Uncynical

Her cynical attitude is a hindrance in her success.

Tactic

Noun

A system or strategy planned to achieve a specific thing.

(रणनीति/ कार्यनीति)

Ploy, Gambit, Stratagem

-

The tactics employed by him to improve the result were very inspirational.

Intervene

Verb

To restore to life from a bad situation.

(हस्तक्षेप करना/ बीच में आना)

Arbitrate, Intercede, Interfere, Involve, Bedevil, Befall, Supervene, Ensue

Combine, Unite, Connect, Join, Precede, Ignore, Interpose

Hemant did not like his brother intervening in her marital issue.

Sane

Adjective

Free from mental derangement.

Mentally sound.

Having good sense.

(समझदार/ विचारशील)

Balanced, Healthy, Intelligent, Logical

Foolish, Unintelligent, Irrational, Stupid, Unbalanced

Shreshtha is a sane person.

Dispensation

Verb

An act of distribution.

A certain order or a particular arrangement.

(व्यवस्था/ वितरण)

Disbursement, Allotment, Appointment, Administration, Economy, Exemption, Reprieve, Exception

Disfavour, Denial, Whole, Disorganisation, Responsibility

The government gave the town a special dispensation in a particular case.

Transient

Noun

A person who is staying at a place only for a short time.

(वह व्यक्ति जो किसी स्थान पर थोड़े समय के लिए ही ठहरता हो।)

-

-

We received so many transients at our guest house.

 

Adjective

Not lasting.

Lasting only a short duration.

(अनित्य/ क्षणस्थायी)

Ephemeral, Fleeting, Transitory, Flash

Enduring, Lasting, Permanent, Lengthy

The infection of the omicron variant is transient.

Benevolence

Noun

Desire to do good to others.

An act of kindness.

(भलाई/ उदारता)

Benefaction, Compassion, Goodwill, Kindheartedness

Cruelty, Harshness, Greediness, Ill will

Suresh refused the public acknowledgment of his benevolence.

Deferral

Noun

The act of delaying something,

(स्थगन)

Postponement, Delay, Suspension, Stay

-

I got a deferral email from the University.

Undermine

Verb

To lessen the effectiveness.

To injure by insidious activity.

To weaken by removing underlying support.

(कमजोर)

Blunt, Cripple, Erode, Frustrate

Aid, Assist, Fix, Build, Construct

The events of the last year undermined people’s confidence in a growing economy.

 

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