The Hindu Vocabulary 26 March 2022

2022-03-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Crisis in Sri Lanka.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The environmental crisis is a major concern these days.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

Both parties should be willing to resolve the matter in order to continue peace talks.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

Rahul has come to a resolve that he will learn guitar and open his music school later on.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

India has strong bilateral relations with Russia as well as the USA.

Steep

Noun

A precipitous place.

A place that is steep.

(ढालवांपन/ डुबकी)

Declivity, Plunge

Straight

Shimla is a steep and beautiful place.

Adjective

Having an almost vertical slope.

Extreme or incredible.

(तीव्र ढलानवाला)

Abrupt, Arduous, Hilly, Lofty

Gradual, Low, Flat, Gentle

The steep stairs at your house are risky.

Verb

To soak in a liquid.

(भिगोना)

Bathe, Drench, Imbue, Immerse

Dehydrate, Dry, Deplete

The recipe involved steeping and baking of the vegetables.

Blackout

Noun

The concealment of all visible lights in a city.

A transient loss of vision.

(अंधेरा करना/ निष्प्रदीप करना)

Collapse, Faint, Syncope, Knockout

-

There was a blackout in the entire city.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Many are saying that the pandemic is near an end.

Deferment

Verb

The act of postponement.

(स्थगितकरण/ रखना)

Adjournment, Deferral, Moratorium, Postponement

Advance, Continuation, Persistence

Your request for deferment of the loan for a year has been accepted.

Commodity

Noun

An article of trade or commerce.

Something useful.

(वस्तु/ पदार्थ)

Asset, Goods, Material, Produce

-

There are local markets planned for selling agricultural commodities.

Compulsion

Noun

The action or state of forcing or being forced to do something.

(बाध्यता)

Obsession, Coercion, Urgency, Constraint, Obligation

Free will, Independence, License, Freedom

He joined the new school under compulsion as he was expelled from the previous one.

Devolution

Noun

The transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by central government to local or regional administration. (हस्तांतरण)

Decentralisation, Delegation, Dispersal, Distribution, Transfer

-

The devolution of taxation powers did not produce the desired result.

Longstanding

Adjective

Having existed or continued for a long time. (राजवंशीय)

Deep-rooted, Everlasting, Lifelong, Stable, Eternal

Ending, Ephemeral, Temporary, Impermanent

The long standing tradition of purdah should be given away.

Irritant

Noun

A thing that is continually annoying or distracting.

 (उत्तेजक)

Aggravation, Bother, Burden, Nuisance, Trouble

Aid, Happiness, Help

Dust is a common lung irritant.

Adjective

Causing slight inflammation or other discomfort to the body.

(प्रकोपक)

-

-

His miser approach is an irritant to me.

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Identify the segment in the sentence which contains the grammatical error.

The physical plant consisted of a leased, three-story wooden building, located in the foot of East 120th Street.