The Hindu Vocabulary 2 April 2022

2022-04-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Cohesion and co-operation: On power imbalances in BIMSTEC.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Cohesion

Noun

The state of uniting or sticking together.

(एकजुटता)

Coherence, Adherence, Attachment

-

There is a lack of cohesion among our supporters.

Imbalance

Noun

Lack of balance.

(असंतुलन)

Inequality, Asymmetry, Disproportion, Shortcoming

Balance

There is a gender imbalance in politics.

Assuage

Verb

To lessen the intensity of something that causes pain.

To put an end to something by satisfying.

(शांत करना/ कम करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Appease, Lessen

Aggravate, Agitate, Dissatisfy, Incite

Some sorrows cannot be assuaged.

Apprehensions

Noun

Anticipation of some misfortune in the future.

Fear of future evil.

Seizure by legal process.

(आशंका)

Alarm, Disquiet, Doubt, Dread, Booking, Capture, Awareness, Perception

Belief, Calm, Calmness, Certainty, Liberation, Release, Ignorance, Misunderstanding

The idea of shifting to a new place fills me with apprehension.

Charter

Noun

A written contract or deed.

A special privilege or exemption.

(घोषणापत्र)

Code, Constitution, Contract, Document

Disagreement, Prohibition

The charter allows for tax-free trading between the two states.

Verb

To establish or enable by charter.

(विशेषाधिकार देना/ सुविधा देना)

Authorize, Borrow, Employ, Lease

Deny, Disallow, Disapprove, Discharge

The town was chartered as per the smart city initiative.

Initiative

Adjective

Relating to initiation.

(पहल का)

-

-

The initiative steps needed to stop drug addiction were not implemented properly.

Noun

A leading action.

One’s personal decision.

(पहल)

Action, Drive, Leadership, Push

Apathy, Cowardice, Indifference, Idleness

You should take the initiative to plant trees in the locality.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

We will reach the summit by 9 PM.

Uncertainty

Noun

The state of being uncertain.

(अनिश्चितता)

Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Anxiety, Concern

Assurance, Belief, Calmness, Certainty

There were some uncertainties about the company’s future.

Stalemate

Noun

Any situation in which no action or progress can be made.

(गतिरोध)

Delay, Deadlock, Gridlock, Impasse

Advance, Headway, Progress

All peace talks are resulting in a stalemate.

Verb

To result in a standoff.

(एक गतिरोध के परिणामस्वरूप)

-

-

Peace talks were stalemated due to the conditions put forward by one of the parties.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

It has been a decade since the two countries played a bilateral test series.

Revive

Verb

To restore to life from a bad situation.

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Energize, Invigorate, Reanimate, Recharge

Bore, Break, Depress, Discourage

The cotton industry has been revived.

Repatriation

Verb

The act of returning someone or something to the country of origin.

(स्वदेश में आगमन)

Reconstruction, Recovery, Refurbishment, Rehabilitation

Destruction, Penalty, Abolition, Disease

Refugees were given options of voluntary repatriation and permanent settlement through asylum.

Refugees

Noun

A person who flees for safety.

(शरणार्थी)

Alien, Emigrant, Evacuee, Expatriate

Citizen, National, Native

There are thousands of refugees who have fled the country.

Plea

Noun

A legal suit.

An allegation made by someone in support of a cause.

Something offered by way of excuse.

(दलील)

Appeal, Application, Entreaty, Overture, Action, Apology

Truth, Decision, Sentence, Answer, Reply

The plea for mercy from the accused was disregarded by the judge.

Complexity

Verb

To spread extensively.

To disperse throughout.

(प्रसारित करना/ छितराना)

Advertise, Circulate, Disperse, Propagate

Conceal, Collect, Gather, Hide

They disseminated the propaganda through the media.

Crisis

Noun

The state of being complex.

(जटिलता)

Complication, Intricacy, Ramification

Clarity, Ease, Obvious, Directness

You are not understanding the complexity of the situation.

Outcome

Noun

The way a thing turns out

(परिणाम)

Result, Consequence, Conclusion, Net result, Product

Cause, Origin, Beginning, Source, Start

The outcome of your hard work will be soon reflected in your final results.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

Rahul ensured me that he will stand by me in every situation.

Engagement

Noun

A formal agreement to get married.

(सगाई)

Commitment, Obligation, Pact, Assurance

Breach, Break, Disagreement, Disengagement, Breakup

I attended the engagement of my best friend.

Meeting

(निश्चित समय पर कुछ करने या कहीं जाने की व्यवस्था)

Appointment, Arrangement, Commitment, Gig, Date

-

I invited her for a dinner engagement on Tuesday.

A fight or battle between armed forces.

(लड़ाई)

Action, Conflict, Confrontation, Encounter

Calm, Peace, Retreat, Agreement, Surrender

The engagement of the armies of Russia and Ukraine during the war has caused devastation in the region. 

Spillover

Noun

An unexpected consequence or repercussion

(अप्रत्यक्ष परिणाम)

Result, Upshot, Outcome, Out-turn, Sequel, Effect, Reaction

Cause, Beginning, Starter, Initiator

There is an economic spillover effect of the Ukraine-Russia war.

Agreement

Verb

Harmony or accordance in opinion or feeling; a position or result of agreeing.

(समझौता)

Accord, Concurrence, Harmony, Accordance, Assent, Affirmation

Denial, Difference, Disagreement, Dissent, Refusal

The ministers of the two countries nodded to sign the peace agreement.

Outlined

Adjective

Given in summary

(उल्लिखित)

Charted, Diagramed, Epitomized, Graphed, Profiled

-

Mr. Ahuja outlined, in brief, the idea of the new project.

Vision

Noun

State of being able to see.

(दृष्टि)

Eyesight, Perception, View, Optics

Fact, Blindness, Reality, Sightlessness

The blurred vision can be corrected by using the appropriate lens.

The ability to think about or plan the future with imagination or wisdom.

(कल्पना)

Aspect, Conception, Dream, Fantasy, Foresight, Imagination

Being, Existence, Ignorance, Substance, Reality

The government has the vision to make India a manufacturing hub.

Bolster

Verb

To support or give a boost to.

(समर्थन या मजबूत करना)

Bear, Brace, Support, Strengthen

Block, Decrease, Discourage, Hinder

My husband bolstered me to study further and become independent.

Noun

Anything used as a support.

(गोल तकिया)

Support

Oppose

He has always acted as a bolster to me.

Spanning

Verb

(of a bridge, arch, etc.) extend from side to side of.

(फैलाना)

Extending, Lengthening, Spreading, Ranging, Stretching

-

The idea was to span the bridge by a few metres.

Maritime

Adjective

Relating to border on the sea.

Relating to commerce activities on the sea.

(समुद्री)

Marine, Nautical, Navigational, Aquatic

-

The two navies were engaged in an annual bilateral maritime exercise in the Indian Ocean.

Ecosystem

Noun

A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

(पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र)

Environment, Ecological community

-

The marine ecosystem is facing threats due to human activities like the oil spill, throwing waste in water bodies, plastic pollution, over-extraction of minerals, etc.

Adopted

Verb

Choose to take up or follow

(अपनाना)

Embrace, Affect, Assume, Approve, Endorse

Deny, Disagree, Disallow, Disapprove, Discard

The resolution regarding the Disarmament of Biological weapons was adopted by all nations.

Legally take (another's child) and bring it up as one's own.

(गोद लेना)

Raise, Foster, Select

Disown, Leave alone, Repudiate

Ritu and her husband were ready to adopt a girl child.

Interconnected

Adjective

Having all constituent parts linked or connected.

(परस्पर)

Interdependent, Attached, Hooked, Mutually dependent

Dissimilar, Unlike, Unrelated, Disassociated

We are living in a century where everything is interconnected.

Intraregional

Adjective

Within a region

(अंतर्क्षेत्रीय)

-

-

There was intraregional migration in the state due to an increase in employment opportunities.

Willingness

Noun

The quality or state of being prepared to do something.

(इच्छा)

Readiness, Preparedness, Disposition, Inclination, Will, Desire

Denial, Dissension, Disagreement, Refusal, Apathy

You can’t question my willingness to be part of the team.

Ought

Verb

Used to indicate duty or correctness, typically when criticizing someone's actions.

(अवश्य होना)

Accountability, Agreement, Bond, Burden, Commitment, Constraint

Asset, Disagreement, Disbelief, Irresponsibility, Misunderstanding

The students are ought to remain in the discipline while in school.

Strive

Verb

Make great efforts to achieve or obtain something.

(प्रयास करना)

Aim, Endeavor, Tackle, Seek

Neglect, Repress, Rest, Surrender

The candidates are striving hard to obtain a government job.

 

New Year Offer get 20% Off
Use Coupon code PENDULUMEDU

half yearly current affairs year book july dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs year book 2021 Rs.349/- Read More
annual banking awareness 2022 books Rs.999/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T