The Hindu Vocabulary 1 April 2022

2022-04-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Identity and privacy: On Prisoners’ identification Bill.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Identification

Noun

Something that identifies a person.

An instance of identifying.

(पहचान)

Description, Passport, Recognition, Testimony

-

He carries his identification card with him all the time.

Privacy

Noun

The state of being apart from other people.

Secrecy.

Freedom from unauthorized intrusion.

(गोपनीयता)

Aloofness, Concealment, Isolation, Privateness

Togetherness, Publicness, Sociableness, Publicity

It is my right to privacy violation.

Concern

Noun

A matter that draws someone’s attention.

Something that belongs to one.

(चिंता)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Pastime, Unemployment, Fun

Their education is none of your concern.

Verb

To relate to.

To have an influence on.

To worry.

(चिंतित होना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Belong to, Regard

Aid, Ignore, Please, Calm, Unconcern, Help

It is concerning for me to have you at the disposal of the harmful radiations.

Scrutiny

Noun

Critical observation or examination.

A close look.

(छानबीन/ समीक्षा)

Inspection, Survey, Scan, Study

-

All your activities are under scrutiny.

Biometric

Adjective

Pertaining to biometry.

(जीवमितीय)

-

-

Employees were in tension about the new biometric attendance system installed in the office.

Inevitable

Adjective

Incapable of being avoided.

(अपरिहार्य)

Imminent, Impending, Inescapable, Inexorable

Avoidable, Distant, Escapable, Later

The inevitable defeat was realized on the third day of the test match.

Noun

Something unavoidable.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अपरिहार्य हो।)

Unavoidable

Avoidable

Your success would be inevitable only if you keep on working hard.

Attribute

Noun

A quality or characteristic of someone or something.

(गुण)

Aspect, Characteristic, Facet, Peculiarity

-

I would say that sensitivity is her attribute.

Verb

To explain something by indicating a cause.

To consider as a quality of a person.

(आरोपित करना)

Apply, Associate, Blame, Connect

Disconnect

You can’t attribute your bad behaviour to ill health.

Embody

Verb

To give a concrete form to something.

To personify.

(प्रतीक)

Demonstrate, Epitomize, Actualize, Complete, Exemplify, Exhibit, Express, Illustrate

Conceal, Cover, Hide, Exclude

The memories of my father were embodied in the form of a museum.

Fundamental

Adjective

Affecting the foundation or basis.

(मौलिक)

Component, Cornerstone, Element, Factor

Cowardice, Auxiliary, Fear, Addition

I always follow fundamental principles.

Noun

A basic principle that serves as the groundwork of a system.

(एक केंद्रीय या प्राथमिक नियम या सिद्धांत जिस पर कुछ आधारित है |)

Central, Constitutional, Crucial, Elemental

Accessory, Auxiliary, Extrinsic, Inessential

You need to be an expert in the fundamentals of the business.

Disseminate

Verb

To spread extensively.

To disperse throughout.

(प्रसारित करना/ छितराना)

Advertise, Circulate, Disperse, Propagate

Conceal, Collect, Gather, Hide

They disseminated the propaganda through media.

Preserve

Noun

Something regarded as reserved for someone.

(परिरक्षित वस्तु)

-

-

The preserved herbs will be used at the right time.

Verb

To protect from injury or destruction.

To keep from decomposition.

(रक्षा करना)

Conserve, Defend, Freeze, Keep, Perpetuate, Protect, Protect, Retain

Abandon, Attack, Endanger, Injure, Halt, Lose

We should preserve the rich cultural heritage of India.

Acquitted

Verb

Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.

(अपराधमुक्त करना)

Absolve, Discharge, Exonerate, Clear, Free

Accuse, Blame, Charge, Condemn, Incarcerate

Ramesh was acquitted of all charges this morning.


Conduct oneself or perform in a specified way.

(एक निर्दिष्ट तरीके से आचरण करना।)

Act, Conduct, Comport, Carry

Halt, Fail, Stop, Condemn

As a team we should acquit ourselves well in front of the selectors.

Vital

Adjective

Absolutely necessary; essential.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Essential, Indispensable, Crucial, Key, Necessary, Needed

Unimportant, Insignificant, Secondary, Periphery

Keep the documents safe as these are vital elements of this case.

Ought

Verb

Used to indicate duty or correctness, typically when criticizing someone's actions.

(अवश्य होना)

Accountability, Agreement, Bond, Burden, Commitment, Constraint

Asset, Disagreement, Disbelief, Irresponsibility, Misunderstanding

Citizens are ought to respect the national symbols.

Stringent

Adjective

Strict, precise, and exacting.

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Stiff, Confining

Amenable, Calm, Easy, Pliable, Gentle

The government imposed stringent rules for road safety.  

Detention

Noun

The action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.

(निरोध)

Custody, Imprisonment, Confinement, Internment

Relaxation, Relieved, Composure, Calm

His detention was revoked by the District Magistrate.

Accuse

Verb

Charge (someone) with an offence or crime.

(दोष लगाना)

Blame, Charge, Cite, Summon

Absolve, clear, Release, Relieve

Shyam was accused of cyber theft.

Ignore

Verb

Disregard on purpose

(नज़रअंदाज़ करना)

Avoid, Discount, Fail, Forget, Neglect

Accomplish, Achieve, Approve, Attend

I could not ignore the hungry child sitting by the road.

Innocent

Adjective

Not guilty of a crime or offense.

(मासूम)

Honest, Legitimate, Pure, Uninvolved, Virtuous

Guilty, Immoral, Sinful, Stained, Unvirtuous

The innocent child could not tell why he was crying.

Enact

Verb

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(अभिनय करना/ क़ानून का रूप बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Accomplish, Appoint

Fail, miss, Abandon, Deny

The Parliament enacted the citizenship act.  

 

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The 100th Constitutional Amendment made in 2015 is pertaining to-