The Hindu Vocabulary 31 March 2022

2022-03-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled "Without sufficient cause: On arrests at the behest of majoritarian outfits.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Behest

Noun

A person’s command.

An authoritative order.

(आज्ञा)

Bidding, Charge, Command, Demand

Answer, Question, Reply

The meeting was called on the behest of the newly elected Chief Minister.

Majoritarian

Adjective

Constituting majority.

(बहुमत का गठन।)

-

-

We are a supporter of majoritarian politics.

Noun

A person who believes in majoritarianism.

(एक व्यक्ति जो बहुसंख्यकवाद में विश्वास करता है।)

-

-

The majoritarians were against obscenity.

Innocuous

Adjective

Not harmful.

Not likely to irritate.

Producing no injury.

Not interesting.

(अहानिकर/ हानि न पहुंचानेवाला)

Anal, Bland, Inoffensive, Innocent, Kind, Insipid

Delicious, Ba, Tasty, Damaging, Yummy

Some varieties of mushrooms may look innocuous but are deadly.

Perverse

Adjective

Turned away from what is right.

Showing a deliberate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable.

(विकृत/ खोटा)

Contradictory, Wicked, Abnormal, Capricious

Agreeable, Happy, Reasonable, Complaint

I will take action against your perverse cruelty to animals.

Enmity

Noun

A feeling of hostility.

(शत्रुता/ वैर)

Acrimony, Alienation, Animosity, Animus

Approval, Friendliness, Friendship, Kindness

There is a historic enmity between the two nations.

Disconcert

Verb

To throw into confusion.

To throw into disorder.

(घबराना)

Abash, Confound, Confuse, Embarrass, Agitate, Bewilder, Confound, Discomfit

Aid, Assist, Calm, Verify

Her rude tone disconcerted me completely.

Overzealous

Adjective

Showing too much zeal.

(बहुत जोश दिखाना)

Demonstrative, Fiery, Skittish, Excitable, Busy, Biased, Sectarian, Sympathetic

Calm, Cold, Easy, Cool, Modest, Shy, Fair, Unbiased

The workers were overzealous about the new project.

Disproportionate

Adjective

Being out of proportion.

(असंगत/ बेडौल)

Excessive, Inordinate, Superfluous, Unequal

Moderate, Balanced, Equal, Reasonable

The members of our community are spending a disproportionate amount on fuel.

Clout

Noun

A blow with hand.

Strong influence or power.

A piece of cloth.

(ताकत/ लत्ता)

Influence, Sway, Weight, Prestige

-

Rajesh used his political clout to end the lawsuit.

Verb

To hit forcefully.

(जबरदस्त प्रहार करना।)

Bang, Bash, Bat, Belt, Bust, Clap, Nail, Whack

-

Suresh clouted me at the back due to my mistakes.

Harmony

Noun

A pleasing arrangement of parts.

Internal calm.

Peaceful, agreeable and orderly relations.

(सद्भाव/ एकता/ मेल)

Conformity, Consensus, Consistency, Cooperation, Integration, Integrity, Composition, Melody

Disagreement, Discord, Incompatibility, Dislike, Unevenness, DisorganisationDisproportion, Disharmony

We hope that harmony is achieved between the two nations.

Preserve

Noun

Something regarded as reserved for someone.

(परिरक्षित वस्तु)

-

-

The home-made preserves are used by my mother.

Verb

To protect from injury or destruction.

To keep from decomposition.

(रक्षा करना)

Conserve, Defend, Freeze, Keep, Perpetuate, Protect, Protect, Retain

Abandon, Attack, Endanger, Injure, Halt, Lose

The new laws are aimed at preserving our cultural heritage.

Cavalier

Adjective


Showing a lack of proper concern

(अभिमानपूर्ण)

Condescending, Curt, Disdainful, Haughty, Superior

Humble, Meek, Reticent, Shy

His cavalier attitude irritates me sometimes.

Foment

Verb

Insitgate or stir up an undesirable or violent sentiment

(भड़काना)

Provoke, Abet, Brew, Incite

Deter, Discourage, Calm, Conclude

He was accused of fomenting public unrest during the protest.  

Vicinity

Noun

The area near or surrounding a particular place.

(आस – पास)

Environs, Neighbourhood, Proximity, Locality

Faraway

The house was located in close vicinity of the mall.

Stall

Noun

A stand, booth, or compartment for the sale of goods in a market or large covered area.

(दुकान)

Stand, Table, Counter, Booth, Kiosk

-

Food stalls from different states were the main attraction of the mela.

Verb

(of a motor vehicle or its engine) stop running, typically because of an overload on the engine.

(अचानक स्र्क जाना)

Halt, Hamper, Hinder, Interrupt, Postpone, Slow

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist, Continue

The car stalled due to lack of petrol.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)

(अदालत में तलब करना)

Call, Order, Command, Summon

Ignore

The court summons has cited three defendants to be present on the defined date.

To quote by way of example, authority or proof

(उदाहरणार्थ प्रस्तुत करना)

Allege, Allude to, Indicate, Mention, Offer

Conceal, Deny, Take, Withhold

The author has been cited by many readers.

Hostile

Adjective

Relating to an enemy.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Belligerent, Bitter, Contentious

Agreeable, Aiding, Friendly, Good

My friend turned hostile towards me.

Noun

A person or thing that is unfriendly.

(विरोधी)

Enemy

Friend

He has turned into a hostile person after whatever happened to him.

Incarnation

Noun

A person who embodies in the flesh a deity, spirit, or abstract quality.

(अवतार)

Embodiment, Personification, Exemplification, Type, Manifestation

-

The newborn child was considered the incarnation of God.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The citizens are not ready to accept the regime of the new government.

Perfunctory

Adjective

(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.

(असावधान)

Cursory, Desultory, Quick, Brief, Hasty, Rapid

Careful, Detailed, Complete, Thorough

The government gave a perfunctory nod to the new policy.

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