The Hindu Vocabulary 30 March 2022

2022-03-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Beleaguered captain: On Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Beleaguered

Adjective

In a very tough situation.

Surrounded by military forces or overburdened by troubles.

(परेशान)

Abandoned, Blockaded, Close, Deserted, Hidden, Cloistered, Lonely, Quiet, Remote, Uninhabited

Extroverted, Open, Seen, Friendly, Inhabited, Sociable, Outgoing, Populated

We need to energise our people and restore our beleaguered city.

Survival

Noun

The act of continuing under adverse circumstances.

Continuation of life.

(जीवित रहना)

Continuity, Durability, Endurance, Continuance, Relic, Reminder

Close, Nearby, Near, Here

The Ukrainian people are fighting for their survival.

Passionate

Adjective

Having intense feelings or emotions towards something.

Capable of expressing intense feelings.

(जोशीला/ आवेशपूर्ण)

Ardent, Loving, Romantic, Wistful, Eager, Eloquent, Emotional, Fiery, Furious, Vehement, Violent

Apathetic, Frigid, happy, Cool, Calm, Dispassionate, Moderate, Peaceful

He is a passionate advocate of socialistic reforms.

Intact

Adjective

Untouched by anything that harms.

(बरकरार/ पूर्ण)

Comprehensive, Entire, Full, Perfect, Total, Flawless, Unblemished, Unbroken

Imperfect, Incomplete, Flawed

Despite the recent event, his faith in God remained intact.

Reiterate

Verb

To say something again or several times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(दोहराना/ बारम्बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate, Echo, Renew, Ingeminate, Recap

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

He reiterates his position in different manners over and over again.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

They responded to the false allegations in a very good way.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

The coalition government formed after elections is based on necessity rather than ideology.

Fiercely

Adverb

In a violent way.

To a high degree.

(जमकर/ प्रचंडतापूर्वक)

Achingly, Archly, Awful, Extremely, Sore, Supremely, Uncommonly, Very, Frantically, Passionately

Little, Negligible, Nominally, Slightly, Calmly, Gently

The market is currently fiercely competitive.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Irritation

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Delight

The resentment shown by Rahul was justifiable.

Mobilise

Verb

To put into movement.

To assemble and make ready for war.

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना/ संगठित करना)

Marshal, Rally, Assemble, Prepare

Disorganize, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

The NATO countries nearby Russia have mobilised their troops.

Crusade

Verb

To lead or take part in a vigorous campaign for social, political, or religious change.

(जोरदार अभियान में भाग लेना)

Campaign, Fight, Battle, Work, Push, Strive, Struggle

Give up, Submit, Agitate, Promote

He crusaded along with his friends against the irregularities in the education system.

Noun

Any war or vigorous movement for the defense of an idea.

(धर्मयुद्ध)

Demonstration, Expedition, Movement

Halt, Stoppage

He was the biggest leader in the crusade against child marriage.

Galvanise

Noun

Shock something into action.

To startle into sudden activity.

(प्रेरित करना)

Arouse, Astonish, Energize, Excite, Frighten, Invigorate

Bore, Calm, Comfort, Dissuade, Compose

The president’s speech galvanised all of us into action.

Adapt

Verb

To make suitable to conditions.

To adjust according to the situations.

(मरे हुए को जीवित करना)

Acclimate, Adjust, Conform, Fit

Neglect, Disarrange, Refuse, Reject

He is very good at adapting to change.

Pile

Noun

An assemblage of things one over the other.

A large building or a group of buildings.

(ढेर)

Accumulation, Assortment, Chunk, Hill, Lump, Bundle, Pot, Wad

Ditch, Hole, Poverty

I have a pile of work to do.

Verb

To dispose or accumulate.

To heap in abundance.

(ढेर लगाना)

Gather, Accumulate, Collect, fill, Heap

Disperse, Divide, Disburse, Scatter

My mother piled potatoes on my plate.

Halt

Noun

A permanent or temporary stop.

(पड़ाव)

Cutoff, Freeze, Interruption, Layoff, Deadlock, Impasse, Standoff

Stride, Continuation, Start, Beginning

The Prime Minister put a halt to rumors through his speech.

Verb

To stop temporarily or permanently.

To cease a journey.

(डेरा डालना)

Adjourn, Arrest, Bar, Block, Dither, Hobble, Limp, Hamper

Continue, Persist, Stay, Remain, Advance, Allow, Assist, Begin

They halted for a tea and snacks break.

 

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