The Hindu Vocabulary 2 February 2022

2022-02-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Turbulence ahead: On Tata Group acquisition of Air India’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Turbulence

Noun

Agitation

(अशांति)

Conflict, Confusion, Turmoil, Unrest, Disturbance

Calm, Harmony, Peace, Order, Stability

It's better to stay inactive during the political turbulence in the country.

Consummation

Noun

Fulfillment

(समाप्ति)

Completion, Termination, End, Wrap

Start, Beginning, Commencement, Opening

Everyone congratulated Rajendra on the consummation of his dream to become an IAS officer.

Culmination

Noun

The highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.

(परिणति)

Climax, Pinnacle, Peak, Zenith

Anticlimax, Beginning, Bottom, Start

He was exposed before the culmination of the investigation.

Hiatus

Noun

A pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process.

(ख़ाली जगह)

Interval, Lapse, Aperture, Blank

Closing, Continuation, Misfortune, Juncture

There was a short hiatus in the procurement process of defence products.

Arduous

Adjective

Involving or requiring strenuous effort

(कठिन)

Onerous, Difficult, Hard, Laborious, Burdensome

Easy, Effortless, Facile, Helpful, Mild

The task was quite arduous and required more knowledge.

Saddled

Verb

To place a weight or burden on

(बोझ लादना)

Burden, Freight, Laden, Load

Disburden, Discharge, Unload, Lighten

Jim was saddled with responsibilities at an early age.

Optimise

Verb

Make the best or most effective use of (a situation, opportunity, or resource).

(अनुकूलन)

Advance, Amend, Better, Revamp

Weaken, Worsen, Decline, Diminish

You should optimize the model so as to accommodate more ideas.

Viability

Noun

Ability to work successfully.

(व्यवहार्यता)

Activity, Growth, Survival, Endurance

Abstract, Inanimate, Apathy, Inactivity

The investment in your company depends upon the viability of the project.

Constrain

Verb

Compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action.

(विवश करना)

Bind, Constrict, Curb, Inhibit

Aid, Allow, Assist, Encourage

The students were constrained to write answers in the way given in the book.

Curtailment

Noun

The action or fact of reducing or restricting something.

(कटौती)

Abbreviation, Condensation, Cutback, Reduction

Enlargement, Increase

There has been curtailment in public spending in the past decade as per the survey.

Overhaul

Verb

Restore

(सुधारना)

Fix, Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct

Break, Damage, Destroy, Hurt

The machines were overhauled before installation.

Normalcy

Noun

Usualness

(सामान्य स्थिति)

Uniformity, Averageness, Commonality, Prevalence, Regularity

-

Everyone is expecting that the current situation will soon return to normalcy.

Churn

Verb

Mix up

(मंथन)

Simmer, Swirl, Agitate, Ferment, Foam

Freeze

The lottery chits were churned before the announcement of the winner.

Lucrative

Adjective

Producing a great deal of profit.

(लाभप्रद)

Advantageous, Cost-effective, Fruitful, Profitable

Poorly paid, Unprofitable

The winner of the bid will get lucrative benefits.

Vaunt

Verb

Boast about or praise (something), especially excessively.

(अपनी बड़ाई करना)

Acclaim, Esteem, Revere, Brag about

Conceal, Deprecate, Hide

The leader was vaunting about the work done by his party before the elections.

 

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Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T