The Hindu Vocabulary 1 February 2022

2022-02-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Risky bets: On Russia, Ukraine and hopes of a diplomatic solution’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Diplomatic

Adjective

Connected with diplomacy

(कूटनीतिक)

Conciliatory, Gracious, Polite, Strategic

Rude, Impolite, Artless, Tactless

The diplomatic ties between the US and India have improved over the years.

Skillful at dealing with people 

(चतुर)

The teacher gave a diplomatic reply so as not to offend the student.

Flurry

Noun

Burst

(विस्फोट)

Furor, Outbreak, Spurt, Turmoil

Calm, Peace, Order, Rest

There was a flurry of activities before my in-law’s arrival.

Verb

To move in an excited manner.

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bewilder, Bother, Bustle, Disconnect

Aid, Appease, Calm, Clarify

He was flurried because of a spider bite.

De-escalate

Verb

Reduce the intensity of (a conflict or potentially violent situation). (उतरना)

Deactivate, Demilitarize, Demobilise, Disband

Aid, Allow, Assist, Cover

The government tried to deescalate the tensions between the two communities.

Revive

Verb

Bring back to life

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Overcome, Energize, Recover

Bore, Break, Damage, Depress, Destroy

The cabinet approved the decision to revive the old government buildings.

Stalled

Adjective

Deferred

(स्थगित)

 

Delayed, Negotiated, Postponed, Assessed

Advanced, Forwarded, Hastened, Hurried

The government stalled the deal for an indefinite time period. 

 

Motionless

(ठप)

Frozen, Immobile, Inert, Lifeless

Alive, Lively, Mobile, Unfixed 

The stalled machines were sold by the manager.

Mobilise

Verb

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना)

Assemble, Activate, Prepare, Organize

Disorganise, Discourage, Disperse, Divide

The opposing party has announced plans to mobilize voters against the ruling party.

Reciprocity

Noun

The practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country or organization to another.

(पारस्परिक)

Cooperation, Exchange, Mutuality, Reciprocation

-

Reciprocity with Pakistan was in force till 2021.

Contested

Adjective

Disputed

(विवादास्पद)

Debated, Argued, Challenged, Impugned

-

The contested land was handed over to the trust to make a charitable hospital. 

Scramble

Noun

A struggle for possession.

(संघर्ष)

Tussle, Melee, Rush, Struggle

Peace, Order, Organization

We were going through a scramble for the choice of seats in the movie theatre.

Verb

To mix together confusingly.

(मिला देना)

Clamber, Jostle, Climb, Contend, Crawl

Retreat, Stay, Rest

He scrambled all our cousins' faces and names.

Annexation

Noun

Adding

(संयोजन)

Incorporation, Takeover, Grab, Attachment

Decrease, Loss, Subtraction, Detachment

The annexation of states to form the country took a long period of time.

Status Quo

Noun

Current Situation

(यथास्थिति)

State of affairs, Status, Existing conditions

-

The supreme court maintained the status quo on the bill under controversy.

Deployment

Noun

The action of bringing resources into effective action.

(तैनाती)

Distribution, Formation, Stationing, Classification

-

The deployment of the Chinese army near the Pakistan border was opposed by many countries.

Clinch

Verb

Hold Securely

(पकड़ना)

Assure, Seal, Cap, Hold

Delay, Put off, Let go, Invalidate

The player clinched the gold medal in wrestling at the world championships.

Miserably

Adverb

In a wretchedly unhappy manner.

(बुरी तरह)

Badly, Deplorably, Imperfectly, Inadequately

-

The talks between the two countries to make peace failed miserably.

Sustaining

Verb

To make something continue for a long period of time without becoming less

(बनाए रखना)

Chronic, Enduring, Lasting, Advancing

Temporary

The construction of the house should be strong enough to help in sustaining for hundreds of years.

 

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Arittapatti in Madurai has been notified as Tamil Nadu's "First Biodiversity Heritage Site" under section 37 of which act?